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Game Changing Technologies
for a Sustainable Energy Future
Professor Sally M. Benson
Director, Precourt Institute for Ener...
By 2100
9-10 Billion People
2X
Global Energy Supply
Environment
Healthy Ecosystems
Clean Air
Clean Water
Stable Climate
Economic StabilityNational Security
Energy Access
3
rEI + rCI< -5.5% per year
EI=Energy Intensity (EJ/$)
CI= Carbon Intensity (Mt CO2/EJ)
4
1. Decrease reliance on depletable
energy resources
2. Increase utilization of local resources
3. Radically reduce energy ...
6
ENERGY GAME CHANGERS
• HERE NOW
• COMING SOON
• ON THE HORIZON
7
GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW
A REMARKABLE DECADE OF INNOVATION
Wind Turbines Photovoltaics Natural Gas
0
50 000
100 000
150 000
200 000
250 000
300 000
350 000
400 000
2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014
GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW: WIN...
GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW: PHOTOVOLTAICS
9
Key Innovations
Efficiency improvements
Manufacturing
improvements
Benefits
E...
Decades of Progress in Solar PV
10
Cost of PV Modules Continues to Decline
11
2004 ~ $3.00 per Wattp
2015 ~ $0.60 per Wattp
1 10 100 1000 10,000 100,000 1,00...
Key Innovations
 Horizontal drilling
 Hydraulic fracturing
 Supply chain and logistical
optimization
Benefits
 Natur...
Virtuous Feedback Loop: Critical for Success
13
DO MORE COST LESS
There is an important role for incentives to stimulate e...
14
GAME CHANGERS COMING SOON
Information Technology
& Energy Technology
Electric Cars Grid-Scale
Energy Storage
Electricity Demand Side Management
15
• Historically, demand side
management has been of
limited success
 Solution
- Unde...
Battery Cost Continue to Decline: Electric Cars Will
Soon Be Cost Competitive
16
From Nykvist and Nilsson, Nature Climate ...
Home Battery Systems Coming This Summer
17
18
GAME CHANGERS ON THE HORIZON
CO2
H2O
Carbon Capture & Storage
(CCS)
Abiotic
Renewable Fuels
Passive Radiative
Cooling
The World’s First Power Plant with CCS
19
Boundary Dam Project
Saskatchewan, Canada
Broad Vision for Abiotic Renewable Fuels
20From Tom Jaramillo, Stanford University
Passive Radiative Cooling
21
Black Body Spectrum 300 K
http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Unit5/atmos.html
...
Nighttime Passive Radiative Cooling
22
From Raman et al., & S. Fan 2014, Nature.
23
rEI + rCI< -5.5% per year
It isn’t easy.
But our common future under
climate change depends on it!
24
ENERGY GAME CHANGERS
HERE NOW
COMING
SOON
ON THE
HORIZON
CO2H2O
…
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Game Changing Energy Technologies, S. Benson

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S. Benson (Stanford University, Stanford, United States of America) at the Our Common Future Under Climate Change conference, July 7-10 in Paris, France.

More at http://www.commonfuture-paris2015.org/

Publié dans : Sciences
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Game Changing Energy Technologies, S. Benson

  1. 1. Game Changing Technologies for a Sustainable Energy Future Professor Sally M. Benson Director, Precourt Institute for Energy Director, Global Climate and Energy Project Stanford University Our Common Future Under Climate Change Paris, July 9, 2015
  2. 2. By 2100 9-10 Billion People 2X Global Energy Supply
  3. 3. Environment Healthy Ecosystems Clean Air Clean Water Stable Climate Economic StabilityNational Security Energy Access
  4. 4. 3 rEI + rCI< -5.5% per year EI=Energy Intensity (EJ/$) CI= Carbon Intensity (Mt CO2/EJ)
  5. 5. 4
  6. 6. 1. Decrease reliance on depletable energy resources 2. Increase utilization of local resources 3. Radically reduce energy intensity 4. Radically reduce carbon intensity 5. Improve reliability and flexibility 6. Can be deployed at an enormous scale at low cost GAME CHANGING ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES 5
  7. 7. 6 ENERGY GAME CHANGERS • HERE NOW • COMING SOON • ON THE HORIZON
  8. 8. 7 GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW A REMARKABLE DECADE OF INNOVATION Wind Turbines Photovoltaics Natural Gas
  9. 9. 0 50 000 100 000 150 000 200 000 250 000 300 000 350 000 400 000 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW: WIND POWER 8 Key Innovations  Blade size, generator, and manufacturing improvements  Power management  Wind farm optimization Benefits  Large and widely distributed resource  No emission electricity generation  No water use  3% of global electricity supplied by wind power today! MW Installed Capacity 23% annual growth
  10. 10. GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW: PHOTOVOLTAICS 9 Key Innovations Efficiency improvements Manufacturing improvements Benefits Enormous and widely distributed resource Distributed, off-grid, and utility scale applications No emission electricity generation 0 40 000 80 000 120 000 160 000 200 000 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 MW Installed Capacity 45% annual growth
  11. 11. Decades of Progress in Solar PV 10
  12. 12. Cost of PV Modules Continues to Decline 11 2004 ~ $3.00 per Wattp 2015 ~ $0.60 per Wattp 1 10 100 1000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 1000 100 1 0.1 $(2013) per Wattp
  13. 13. Key Innovations  Horizontal drilling  Hydraulic fracturing  Supply chain and logistical optimization Benefits  Natural gas for low-cost electricity generation  Flexible power generation  20-50% more efficient than coal  ½ the CO2 emissions of coal  Reduced air pollution  Low cost natural gas GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW: SHALE GAS 12 20 30 40 50 60 70 2000 2003 2006 2009 2012 Shale Gas Non-Shale Gas Conventional 2005 U.S. Natural Gas Production (BCF/day)
  14. 14. Virtuous Feedback Loop: Critical for Success 13 DO MORE COST LESS There is an important role for incentives to stimulate early deployment.
  15. 15. 14 GAME CHANGERS COMING SOON Information Technology & Energy Technology Electric Cars Grid-Scale Energy Storage
  16. 16. Electricity Demand Side Management 15 • Historically, demand side management has been of limited success  Solution - Understand consumer behavior through advanced data analytics for electricity consumption - Tailor incentives for energy efficiency and demand-side management based on use patterns From Professor Ram Rajagopal, Stanford Universary
  17. 17. Battery Cost Continue to Decline: Electric Cars Will Soon Be Cost Competitive 16 From Nykvist and Nilsson, Nature Climate Change, 2015 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030
  18. 18. Home Battery Systems Coming This Summer 17
  19. 19. 18 GAME CHANGERS ON THE HORIZON CO2 H2O Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) Abiotic Renewable Fuels Passive Radiative Cooling
  20. 20. The World’s First Power Plant with CCS 19 Boundary Dam Project Saskatchewan, Canada
  21. 21. Broad Vision for Abiotic Renewable Fuels 20From Tom Jaramillo, Stanford University
  22. 22. Passive Radiative Cooling 21 Black Body Spectrum 300 K http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Unit5/atmos.html Sun 6000 K Earth 300 K Universe ~ 3K
  23. 23. Nighttime Passive Radiative Cooling 22 From Raman et al., & S. Fan 2014, Nature.
  24. 24. 23 rEI + rCI< -5.5% per year It isn’t easy. But our common future under climate change depends on it!
  25. 25. 24 ENERGY GAME CHANGERS HERE NOW COMING SOON ON THE HORIZON CO2H2O …

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