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LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
1
Dealing with the Aviation
Challenge
Our Common Future u...
Selection of Aviation Case
1. Diverse stakeholders and polarised views;
2. Prescriptive rules and high investment
therefor...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
Aviation – a polarised debate
3
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
4
Aviation – a blinkered view
The conventional
economic v...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
Priorities of Sustainability
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
6
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
The Howard Davies Commission
Third runway at Heathrow
Air...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
‘For each decision, the issue becomes how to
make the mos...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
9
Environment
o Emissions from
aviation account for
2-3% ...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
10
The new mind-set…
o Start from a sustainability perspe...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
Tupolev Tu-114
• 32 were buit (1955-1960);
• Range 10,900...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
GE36 Open rotor
design (1980s)
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
Hybrid Air vehicle…
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
Convention on International Civil Aviation
o Article 24 -...
Stakeholder Reaction
Passenger:
“Yes, it is something I would be quite happy with.”
Environmental campaigner:
“I would be ...
Key Findings
1. Policy stalemate;
2. People do not know that it could be
different;
3. Each stakeholder is defending their...
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
Questions
Mcmanners p 20150707_1700_upmc_jussieu_-_room_207
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Mcmanners p 20150707_1700_upmc_jussieu_-_room_207

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Mcmanners p 20150707_1700_upmc_jussieu_-_room_207

  1. 1. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT 1 Dealing with the Aviation Challenge Our Common Future under Climate Change 7-10th July2015, Paris Peter McManners
  2. 2. Selection of Aviation Case 1. Diverse stakeholders and polarised views; 2. Prescriptive rules and high investment therefore highly resistant to change; 3. Cleary defined fault lines; 4. The toughest policy nut to crack.
  3. 3. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT Aviation – a polarised debate 3
  4. 4. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT 4 Aviation – a blinkered view The conventional economic view has to be recognised as a block to progress. McManners, P.J. (2014) Reframing economic policy towards sustainability, Int. J. Green Economics, Vol. 8, Nos. 3/4, 2014.
  5. 5. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT Priorities of Sustainability
  6. 6. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT 6
  7. 7. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT The Howard Davies Commission Third runway at Heathrow Airports Commission: Final Report July 2015. Page 16. ‘Air travel is also crucial to supporting UK businesses and the wider economy. It facilitates trade in services and goods, enables the movement of workers and tourists, and drives business innovation and investment.’
  8. 8. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT ‘For each decision, the issue becomes how to make the most sustainable option economically viable. This is markedly different to seeking to make the most economic solution sustainable.’ 8 The new mind-set… McManners, P.J. (2014) Reframing economic policy towards sustainability, Int. J. Green Economics, Vol. 8, Nos. 3/4, 2014: page 297.
  9. 9. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT 9 Environment o Emissions from aviation account for 2-3% global CO2 and rising; o No firm plans to limit emissions; o Aviation industry proposals are disingenuous. Economy o Aviation is a key enabler of the global economy; o People like affordable flights; o Limiting flying by price seen as unfair to poorer (less rich) people.
  10. 10. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT 10 The new mind-set… o Start from a sustainability perspective: “We like to fly but we need to do so with significantly lower environmental impact” o Key Insight: Do we need to use the fast jet as the aviation work horse? o What is an alternative to fast jet?
  11. 11. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT Tupolev Tu-114 • 32 were buit (1955-1960); • Range 10,900 km/6,800 mile; • Speed 880 km/h /550 mph.
  12. 12. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT GE36 Open rotor design (1980s)
  13. 13. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT Hybrid Air vehicle…
  14. 14. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT Convention on International Civil Aviation o Article 24 - taxation of aviation fuel Chicago 1944
  15. 15. Stakeholder Reaction Passenger: “Yes, it is something I would be quite happy with.” Environmental campaigner: “I would be quite happy to change jobs and become part of the PR for this type of thing.” Industry (outside aviation): “We might consider taking on new warehouses in different places trying to change the whole logistics network.” Aviation Industry: “It would not get my vote.” “The basic issue … is fast equals business; slow equals leisure.” Government: “You are going to have to have international agreement on this.”
  16. 16. Key Findings 1. Policy stalemate; 2. People do not know that it could be different; 3. Each stakeholder is defending their position; 4. Solution requires international agreement; 5. No one is willing to lead change.
  17. 17. LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT Questions

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