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Martin Herold, Brice Mora & Tony Janetos
GOFC-GOLD
Conference: Our common future
Paris, 8. July 2015
Observing terrestrial...
Essential Climate Variables (terrestrial)
River discharge, Water use, Groundwater, Lakes,
Snow cover, Glaciers and ice cap...
http://ionia1.esrin.esa.int
Introductory remarks
1. The UNFCCC/GCOS/ECV framework has resulted in focus and
important progress for climate observation...
Starting the dialog between observation and mitigation
community
Representatives from UNFCCC,
FAO, ICRAF, ESA, IPCC, etc....
Deforestation
Croplands w/o rice Livestock
UncertaintyRice
7 Tg CO2e
0 Tg CO2e
Total AFOLU + forest sink
(CO2e net emissio...
A sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring and
reporting anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and
removals as...
Objectives of training materials
 Respond to the need for technical assistance
and guidance for countries to develop capa...
Overview of Modules REDD+ training materials
REDD+
Background
and Design
REDD+
Measuring
and
Monitoring
REDD+
Assessment
a...
Increase in forest area change monitoring capacities for FAO FRA 2015
(Source: Romijn et al. 2015, Forest Ecology & Manage...
Key remarks
1. The UNFCCC/GCOS/ECV framework is starting to link their
objectives to those of adaptation and mitigation co...
What is independent monitoring?
Independent Monitoring SC1│Böttcher et al.│Brussels│April 24, 2015
Independent monitoring....
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Observing terrestrial variables for climate: achievements and opportunities, M. Herold

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M. Herold (Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands) at the Our Common Future Under Climate Change conference, July 7-10 in Paris, France.

More at http://www.commonfuture-paris2015.org/

Publié dans : Sciences
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Observing terrestrial variables for climate: achievements and opportunities, M. Herold

  1. 1. Martin Herold, Brice Mora & Tony Janetos GOFC-GOLD Conference: Our common future Paris, 8. July 2015 Observing terrestrial variables for climate: achievements and opportunities
  2. 2. Essential Climate Variables (terrestrial) River discharge, Water use, Groundwater, Lakes, Snow cover, Glaciers and ice caps, Ice sheets, Permafrost, Albedo, Land cover (including vegetation type), Fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FAPAR), Leaf area index (LAI), Above- ground biomass, Soil carbon, Fire disturbance, Soil moisture
  3. 3. http://ionia1.esrin.esa.int
  4. 4. Introductory remarks 1. The UNFCCC/GCOS/ECV framework has resulted in focus and important progress for climate observations • ECV observation progress has largely focused on IPCC WP I – type users • Human dimension largely absent in ECVs; required for links to mitigation and adaptation 2. (Global) ECV monitoring and national estimation and reporting (to UNFCCC) are largely independent 3. Needs to fill key data gaps for purposes of mitigation (i.e. REDD+) and adaptation (i.e. climate smart agriculture)
  5. 5. Starting the dialog between observation and mitigation community Representatives from UNFCCC, FAO, ICRAF, ESA, IPCC, etc. Focus on Land Use (Agriculture) and Forest Land use change and forestry and agricultural management practices Key ECVs: fire, land cover, biomass, soil carbon, ... Develop a consistency among mitigation-relevant terrestrial ECVs for IPCC GPG-based estimation Workshop website: http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/index.p hp?name=ObservationsforMitigation
  6. 6. Deforestation Croplands w/o rice Livestock UncertaintyRice 7 Tg CO2e 0 Tg CO2e Total AFOLU + forest sink (CO2e net emissions/removals) 26 Tg CO2e -7.6 Tg CO2e
  7. 7. A sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring and reporting anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and removals associated with deforestation, gains and losses of carbon stocks in forests remaining forests, and forestation Next version to be released at UNFCCC COP 21 in Paris www.gofcgold.wur.nl/redd
  8. 8. Objectives of training materials  Respond to the need for technical assistance and guidance for countries to develop capacities and implement REDD+ monitoring and reporting  Provide a set of modular training materials that can be used in combination with complementary guidance documents (i.e. IPCC GPG, GOFC- GOLD Sourcebook, GFOI MGD, WB FCPF documents, FAO/UN-REDD documents)  Building upon the GOFC-GOLD expert network, supported by independent review process  For developing countries and capacity development efforts
  9. 9. Overview of Modules REDD+ training materials REDD+ Background and Design REDD+ Measuring and Monitoring REDD+ Assessment and Reporting 1.1 UNFCCC context and requirements and introduction to IPCC guidelines M. Herold, E. Romijn, B. Mora 1.2 Framework for building national forest monitoring systems for REDD+ E. Romijn, M. Herold, B. Mora 1.3 Assessing and analyzing drivers of deforestation and forest degradation E. Romijn, M. Herold 2.1 Monitoring activity data for forests using remote sensing F. Achard, J. Miettinen, B. Mora 2.2 Monitoring activity data for forests remaining forests (incl. forest degr.) C. Souza, S. Brown, J. Miettinen, F. Achard, M. Herold 2.3 Estimating emission factors for forest cover change (def. and degr.) S. Brown, L. Murray, F.Casarim 2.4 Incorporating community based approaches in national REDD+ monitoring M. Skutsch, A. Balderas Torres 2.5 Estimation of carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation S. Brown, L. Murray 2.6 Estimation of GHG emissions from biomass burning L. Boschetti 2.7 Estimation of uncertainties G. Grassi, S. Monni, F. Achard, A. Langner, M. Herold 2.8 Overview and status of evolving technologies B. Mora, E. Romijn 3.1 National data organization and management E. Romijn, V. De Sy 3.2 Data and guidance on developing REDD+ reference levels M. Herold, E. Romijn, S. Brown 3.3 Guidance on reporting REDD+ performance using IPCC Guidelines and Guidance G.Grassi, E. Romijn, M. Herold
  10. 10. Increase in forest area change monitoring capacities for FAO FRA 2015 (Source: Romijn et al. 2015, Forest Ecology & Management)
  11. 11. Key remarks 1. The UNFCCC/GCOS/ECV framework is starting to link their objectives to those of adaptation and mitigation communities 2. Importance of terrestrial domain is increasing in climate science and when aiming for mitigation and adaptation users 3. Guidance, training materials and capacity development to fill key country and user needs 4. Role of data-driven analysis 5. Advocacy and importance of “independent monitoring”
  12. 12. What is independent monitoring? Independent Monitoring SC1│Böttcher et al.│Brussels│April 24, 2015 Independent monitoring... Company Govern- mental Local stakeholder NGO Research can be defined as methods, data and tools to estimate greenhouse gas emissions from land activities that are additional to mandated monitoring by governments. 3 1 6 5 3 provides information that is supporting countries to fill data and capacity gaps. 5 5 2 3 5 provides information that is accurate, reliable and customizable. 2 3 6 1 1 provides underpinning science to improve data. 9 7 8 9 4 provides information that is independent from commercial interests. 8 9 3 6 7 provides information that is potentially serving as authoritative reference for many kinds of stakeholders. 6 6 8 4 8 provides data that can serve the purpose of independent verification by UNFCCC roster of experts for reviewing the annual submissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories. 4 4 9 8 6 provides information that is increasing transparency, building confidence and broadening participation for multiple stakeholders. 1 2 6 2 2 ensures that stakeholders, e.g. REDD+ countries, can have ownership and control over datasets and methods and consider them legitimate. 8 8 1 7 9 N=585

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