2. IMPORTANCE OF BANDAGESIN FIRSTAID
A bandage is a piece of material used either to support a medical device such as a dressing or
splint, or on its own to provide support to or to restrict the movement of a part of the body.
When used with a dressing, the dressing is applied directly on a wound, and a bandage used to
hold the dressing in place.
3. TYPES OF BANDAGES
Tuandages are an essential part of every first aid kit. They‟re amongst the most useful items for any first-aider, with a
number of potential applications which are useful when dealing with the majority of everyday accidents and injuries.
There are mainly three types of bandages -
Roller bandage are the most common type bandage, there normally made from a single continuous strip of light
weight and breathable cotton geuze, use primarily for holding dressings against wounds
Triangular bandages are among the more versatile types of bandageing, we can usually find in a first aid kit. They are
designed for contracting slings that support soft tissue injurious and immobilize broken bones.
Tubular bandages are perhaps the least versatile of the three conventional bandages. They provide compration can be
use to support knee and elbow joints and in some cases hold a dressing against a limb.
4. PURPOSE OF BANDAGE
bandage is used to hold a dressing in place over a wound, to create pressure over a
bleeding wound for control of hemor- rhage, to secure a splint to an injured part of
the body, and to provide support to an injured part.
5. RULES OF BANDAGEING
1. Apply the outer side of the tail of the bandage to the injured part.
2. Bandage limbs from below upwards and from within outwards.
3. Apply a bandage so that each layercoverstwo-thirds of the previousone. Keepthe edgesparallel.
4. Neverbandage without having previouslyapplied a pad of cottonwool. Such a pad should around a limb or
a finger. The cottonwoolpreventscompression of the veinsand stillallows the bandaging to be firm. If
there is a wound, gauze should be placed over it before the cottonwool is applied.er coverstwo-thirds of
the previous one. Keepthe edgesparallel.
5. Stand in front of the hand or foot when bandaging a limb.
6. In dressing a limb or fixinga splint do not cover the tips of the fingersor toes; they are a useful guide to
whether the bandage is too tight. Bluenessof the nails and swellingor numbness of the fingersindicatethe
need to loosen the bandage.
7. Make al reversesor crossings in a line on the outer side of the limb.
8. When bandaging the elbow keep it at right angles and make sure that a large pad of cottonwool is placed
round the joint to avoid constrictingthe blood vessels.
9. When bandaging the knee keep it slightlybent
10. Completethe bandage with a safety-pinor a narrow strip of adhesiveplaster.
6. PRINCIPLE OF BANDAGEING
• Not too tight but not too loose.
• Do not leave loose ends as they can get caught on objects when the victim moves.
• Leave the tips of fingers and toes uncovered.
• Cover all edges of the dressing to reduce possible contamination.
7. HOW TO WRAPTHE PERFECTBANDAGE
First layer: e.g. gauze swabs or Melolin dressing.Dependent on the type of wound, we choose between
adherent or non-adherent Dressings.
Second layer: For this layer, use combine dressing.It should be Wrapped at least 2 to 3 layersthick, to
protect the wound against further trauma and prevent excessive movement.
Third layer : Use a crepe bandage to hold the previous layersin place and prevent slidingof the bandage.
It is important there is even pressurein this layer.The bottom and top ends of the combine dressingare
left uncovered by the crepe bandage to avoid creatingpressurepoints.
Final layer: cover the entire bandage with Elastoplastincluding the skin at the bottom and top of the
bandage, and continue over lapping the bandage untill the skin at the top of bandage is covered, this
prevents savings or dart entering between the skin and bandage, and keeps the bandage layer in place.
8. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCEBETWEEN BANDAGEANDFIRSTAID
Bandage can be used as part of a dressing, but it can also be used with a splint, or it can be used on
its own to provide support to the body. … Adhesive bandages are commonly called band-aids even
though this is a trademarked name for a certain type of adhesive bandage.
What is bandage made of
The backing and bag are often made of coated paper, but maybe made of plastic. The adhesive sheet is usually a woven
fabric, plastic (PVC, polyethylene or polyurethane), or latex strip. It may or maynot be waterproof;if it is airtight, the
bandage is an occlusive dressing.
9. IMPORTANCE OF BANDAGES
Bandages do several things: Provide a means of hemmorhage or
bleeding control in addition to allowing a medical provider the
opportunity to take their hands off the patient and the bandage
continues to do the bleeding control. Protects a wound from