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Globalization And Higher Education

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Globalization And Higher Education

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Globalization And Higher Education

  1. 1. GLOBALIZATION AND HIGHER EDUCATION RETHINKING THE ROLE OF THE STATE& RESPONSES TO RECENT CHALLENGES Prof. Dr. Coskun Can Aktan
  2. 2. GENERAL OUTLINE  Global trends and the change dynamics  Higher education in the era of global change  Driving forces of change in higher education  New directions  New paradigms  Challanges and opportunities  Conclusion
  3. 3. GLOBAL TRENDS : GOVERNANCE  Entrepreneurial University  Transparency  Accountability  Management & Governance Issues  Election of Rector  The Role and Functions of the Trustee Board  Stakeholders Relation Management
  4. 4. GLOBAL TRENDS : BORDERLESS EDUCATION  Cross-Border Student Markets  Academic Mobility  Harmonization  Convergence  Corporate Universities  Franchising Universities  Transnational Higher Education
  5. 5. GLOBAL TRENDS : LEARNING  Active Learning  eLearning  Lifelong Learning  Interdisciplinary Study  Multidisciplinary Study
  6. 6. GLOBAL TRENDS : TOTAL QUALTY  Quality Assurance Systems  Qualifications  Accreditation  Impact of Globalization on Quality Assurance, Accreditation and the Recognition of Qualifications
  7. 7. GLOBAL TRENDS : SERVICE DELIVERY  Higher education as public good  Private delivery of higher education  Service delivery by Not-For-Profit organizations  Corporate universities  Public vs. Private Higher Education: Public Good, Equity, Access
  8. 8. GLOBAL TRENDS : MARKET REFORMS  Demonopolization  Deregulation  Liberalization  Privatization  Other Market Reforms…  Corporate Universities  Franchising Universities
  9. 9. HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE ERA OF CHANGE GLOBAL TRENDS AND PARADIGMAL SHIFTS SERVICE DELIVERY Deregulation, Liberalization, Privatization SERVICE DELIVERY Borderless Education Academic Mobility HARMONIZATION Harmonization Convergence GOVERNANCE Stakeholders Relationship Management PHILOSOPHY Lifelong Learning METHODOLOGY Interdisciplinary Multidisciplinary METHODOLOGY Active Learning eLearning TOTAL QUALITY Quality Assurance Accreditation GOVERNANCE Entrepreneurial University GOVERNANCE Accountability Transparency TRENDS & PARADIGMS
  10. 10. GLOBAL CHANGE TRENDS AND DYNAMICS
  11. 11. THE CHANGE TRENDS AND DYNAMICS → Economic change → Political change → Technological change → Ecological change → Demographic change → Socio-cultural change → Organizational change
  12. 12. The Winds of Economic Change
  13. 13. Globalization  ....increased integration of world markets of goods, services and capital.  ...integration of trade, finance, people, and ideas in one global marketplace.  ...political globalization, economic globalization, social and cultural globalization.
  14. 14. HIGHER EDUCATION: DRIVING FORCES OF CHANGE
  15. 15. • The increasing importance of knowledge • The impact of globalization • The impact of increasing competition • Continuing Information & Communications Technologies revolution • Source: ‘World Bank ‘Constructing Knowledge Economies” 2002. HIGHER EDUCATION: DRIVING FORCES OF CHANGE
  16. 16. HIGHER EDUCATION: SOME OTHER DRIVING FORCES OF CHANGE -Unmet demand & supply – demographic pressures -Public financing declining – burden shifting from the State to Higher Education Institutions -Pressures on governance – global market paradigm – increased competition – rising costs – funding uncertainty -Importance of general / liberal education more pronounced
  17. 17. NEW PARADIGMS
  18. 18. PARADIGMS CHANGED: NEW THINKING VS. TRADITIONAL THINKING
  19. 19. PARADIGMS CHANGED: NEW THINKING VS. TRADITIONAL THINKING
  20. 20. PARADIGMS CHANGED: BORDERLESS LEARNING VS. SITE-BOUNDED LEARNING
  21. 21. PARADIGMS CHANGED: OLD AND NEW TEACHING PARADIGMS COMPARED New Paradigm Traditional Paradigm
  22. 22. PARADIGMS CHANGED: LEARNING
  23. 23. NEW DEVELOPMENTS
  24. 24. the changing tertiary education landscape change in forms of competition -long distance competition -franchise universities -corporate universities
  25. 25. Corporate Universities Corporate universities are developed by those corporations who have shifted their focus from employee training to employee education as a result of "the emergence of the knowledge economy" Many corporations believe that through continued employee education, they can "achieve strategic goals and performance improvement"
  26. 26. STUDENT MOBILITY: Number of Internationall Mobile Students by Region of Destination, 2000 , 2007
  27. 27. Students Studying Abroad Over 2 million international tertiary students abroad in OECD countries (est $40 billion market) Over 600,000 in USA – approx 35% of world total Other significant share of global market include – UK (14%) – Germany ( 12% ) – Australia ( 9% ) – France ( 8% ) UK in 2001, students from China increased by 67% from previous year – 31% increase from India New Zealand 300% growth in the last decade…
  28. 28. Global Indicators $2.2 trillion+ total – one third of market in USA – approx 15% only in the developing world Teachers – 5% of global labor force Primary & Secondary Education – 83% of students in developing countries Tertiary & Adult Education – 90 million tertiary students worldwide, or less than 20% of all 18 to 25 yr olds Source: www.ifc.org / www.ifc.org/edinvest
  29. 29. HARMONIZATION & CONVERGENCE The idea underlying the Bologna Declaration (BD) is to establish a European Higher Education (HE) Area, to enhance compatibility, comparability and transparency of higher education institutions through convergent reforms aimed to provide better mobility of students and teachers in the function of the free market and better employability.
  30. 30. ACCREDITATION One type of quality assurance in higher education, leading to some kind of formal judgment based on implicit or explicit quality standards. A process of recognizing higher education institutions or programs for performance, integrity and quality, that entitles them to the confidence of the educational community and the public.
  31. 31. CONCLUSION The drivers of change in higher education are the globalization in general, impacts of information and communications technologies, massification of tertiary systems all over the world, the 'public good' versus 'private good' debate etc. The major trends and paradigms are deregulation, liberalization and privatization of higher education, trans- national higher education, the idea of entrepreneurial university, academic mobility, quality assurance systems and accreditation, the philosophy of life-long learning, e- learning, interdisciplinarity and multidisciplinarity learning and the governance of higher education etc.
  32. 32. Prof.Dr.Coşkun Can Aktan Social Sciences Research Society http://www.sobiad.org & Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey http://www.canaktan.org GLOBALIZATION AND HIGHER EDUCATION RETHINKING THE ROLE OF THE STATE& RESPONSES TO RECENT CHALLENGES

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