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Extended administration is a recent concept developed as an extension of extended enterprise to design a virtual organization encompassing the value chain from every angles. Considering the smart cities as a research field, we develop an approach of modeling the smartness of the city as an ecosystem. We assume that the best in position to carry out the role of system architect is the public actor. We propose a framework for a methodology and point out the relevant methodologies and competencies that could be the basics of P.A conceived as an extend administration.