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Liberia presentation

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Liberia presentation

  1. 1. Liberia Through the Eyes of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf June 24, 2011 • 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM The United States Institute of Peace
  3. 4. Costs of War <ul><li>250,000 killed, 350,000 refugees and 300,000 internally displaced United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Some 15,000 child soldiers UNHCR </li></ul><ul><li>GDP contracted by 60% between 1987 & 2003 World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>22 % of Liberian women aged 25-39 have experienced sexual violence Ministry for Gender and Development, Liberia </li></ul><ul><li>Post war: No electricity or pipe-borne water, 70% of schools destroyed, 1 physician for every 70,000 Liberians US State Department </li></ul>
  5. 7. The Elections <ul><li>Twenty-two presidential candidates and two rounds of voting Carter Center </li></ul><ul><li>1,012,673 votes received; 75% of the electorate participated Carter Center </li></ul><ul><li>President Johnson Sirleaf won run-off elections with 59.4% of votes Liberia NEC </li></ul><ul><li>President Johnson Sirleaf inaugurated on January 16, 2006 as the first elected female head of state in Liberia (and Africa) </li></ul>
  7. 10. Some Progress Made <ul><li>Economy has grown by over 114% since 2003 World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Basic services restored to the capital </li></ul><ul><li>Undernourished population fell from 36% in 2000 to 33% in 2009 Work Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom House government ranking improved since 2003 Freedom House </li></ul><ul><li>Security Sector reform programs being implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Liberia among first countries to develop action plan aimed at furthering gender equality in line with UN resolution 1325 </li></ul><ul><li>Female-male primary education ratio rose from 72% (2000) to 90% (2009) World Bank </li></ul>
  8. 12. … but Challenges Remain <ul><li>TI corruption ranking improved from 137 (2005) to 87 (2010), but corruption remains endemic Transparency International </li></ul><ul><li>84% of Liberians live below the poverty line UNICEF </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment very high </li></ul><ul><li>Services inadequate and infrastructure deficient; particularly outside Monrovia </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-regional security tensions persist </li></ul>
  10. 14. USIP Supports Liberia’s Law Review Commission <ul><li>In 2008, USIP program helped incorporate informal legal systems in National Law Review Commission </li></ul><ul><li>USIP led extensive policy-oriented research on traditional dispute resolution mechanisms operating in the country </li></ul>
  11. 15. USIP Highlights Liberia’s Traditional Justice Systems <ul><li>USIP engaged with legal establishment to raise awareness of the justice perceptions and practices of most Liberians </li></ul><ul><li>Research found that non-state mechanisms and actors, and not formal courts, are the preferred option for dispute resolution in Liberia </li></ul>
  12. 17. USIP Promotes Access to Justice in Liberia <ul><li>USIP co-hosted the Liberian National Conference on Enhancing Access to Justice, attended by more than 250 representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>expand outreach to rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>promote cooperation between customary & statutory systems </li></ul>of the government, civil society, and the international community.
  13. 18. The Honorable Christiana P. Tah, Liberian Minister of Justice & Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia, speaking at USIP co-sponsored event
  14. 19. Recent USIP Events on Liberia June 2011 • Health in Post-Conflict and Fragile States: Challenges for the Next Decade • Walter Gwenigale, Liberian Minister of Health & Social Welfare March 2011 • Revisiting Security Sector Reform in Liberia • Brownie Samukai, Liberian Defense Minister April 2008 • GEMAP in Liberia: A Model for Economic Management • Antoinette Sayeh, then-Liberian Minister of Finance November 2007 • Postwar Recovery in Liberia: Perspectives from Liberian Ex-Combatants • K. Johnson Borh & Morlee Gugu Zawoo, National Ex-Combatant Peace Building Initiative April 2007 • Women’s Role in the Reconstruction of Liberia • Leymah Roberta Gbowee, Women Peace and Security Network Africa; Waafas Ofosu-Amaah, The World Bank Visit www. usip .org/events for podcasts
  15. 20. Some Recent USIP Publications Customary Justice and the Rule of Law in War-Torn Societies by Deborah Isser Looking for Justice: Liberian Experiences with and Perceptions of Local Justice Options by Deborah Isser, Stephen Lubkemann, Saah N’Tow Would You Fight Again?: Understanding Liberian Ex-Combatant Reintegration by Richard Hill, Gwendolyn Taylor, and Jonathan Temin Is Liberia’s Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program a &quot;Necessary Intrusion?&quot; by Raymond Gilpin and Emily Hsu Women’s Role in Liberia’s Reconstruction by Dorina Bekoe and Christina Parajon Visit www.usip.org/publications for details
  16. 21. Credits <ul><li>Photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Tim Luccaro </li></ul><ul><li>Johnny Ndebe </li></ul><ul><li>Morgan Miller </li></ul><ul><li>The Carter Center </li></ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul><ul><li>Tim Luccaro </li></ul><ul><li>Leah Vonderheide </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine Morris </li></ul>