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LIBRARY
MEASURING THE IMPACT OF
PIRACY AND OPEN ACCESS
ON THE ACADEMIC LIBRARY
SERVICES
Pablo Iriarte
Floriane Muller
ILDS...
LIBRARY
AGENDA
1. Context
2. Methods: Data Analysis
3. Results & Discussion
4. Conclusions
LIBRARY
CONTEXT
ILL/DD Trends
Shift from paper to e-resources
Open Access
Piracy
4
ILL/DD TRENDS
IN SWISS UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
5
ILL/DD TRENDS
IN SWISS MEDICAL LIBRARIES
6
ILL/DD TRENDS
7
PORTION OF ACQUISITION BUDGET
DEVOTED TO E-RESOURCES
8
YET, FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 2016
1 679 037
1 713 114
1 935 068
1 900 846
1 550 000
1 600 000
1 650 000
1 700 000
1 750 00...
9
THE STATE OF OPEN ACCESS
On october 3rd, 2017
https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.3119v1
DOI: 10.1038/nature.2017.22...
10
PIRACY
Bohannon J. Who’s downloading pirated papers? Everyone. Science [Internet]. 28 avr 2016 [cité 3 oct 2017]; Dispo...
11
SO…
When it comes to obtaining the full-text of an
article…
…To what resources and services
can/do our scholars turn ?
LIBRARY
DATA ANALYSIS
Our data sources
Data cleaning, processing & merge
13
OUR DATA SOURCES
WOS SCI ed.
(articles cited
by UNIGE
members in
2015-6)
E-journals
Serial
collection
ILL/DD
Insitution...
DATA
CLEANING,
PROCESSING
&
ENRICHMENT
WOS SCI
CITATIONS
Web of Science
SCI edition
n2015 = 3'833
n2016 = 3'989
DOI includ...
DATA
CLEANING,
PROCESSING
&
ENRICHMENT
ILL/DD
OpenILLink
(ILL Tool used at Medical &
Science library at UNIGE)
Orders2015-...
16
OUR PROCESS TO VERIFY
ACCESSIBILITY / USAGE
For each article
(with a valid DOI and
corresponding metadata)
cited in UNI...
17
FINAL MATRIX
18
SOME LIMITATIONS
• Imperfect data sources
o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it
19
SOME LIMITATIONS
• Imperfect data sources
o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it
20
SOME LIMITATIONS
• Imperfect data sources
o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it
o SFX / catalog data...
LIBRARY
RESULTS & DISCUSSION
22
CITED IN 2015 ARTICLES AVAILABILITY
WITHIN DATA SOURCES
23
CITED IN 2016 ARTICLES AVAILABILITY
WITHIN DATA SOURCES
24
THE HIDDEN FIGURES
2015: 18’595
2016: 14’412
???
25
DISTRIBUTION OF CITED ARTICLE BY
YEAR PUBLISHED
Distribution of the 115’045 different articles
cited in 2015 publicatio...
26
SHIFT BETWEEN 2015 & 2016 ?
27
CONCLUSIONS
• Need for articles should still be present as our
researchers cite more and more
• Confirmed some feelings...
28
SELECTED REFERENCES
• Bohannon, John. 2016. « Who’s downloading pirated papers? Everyone ». Science, avril.
doi:10.1126...
LIBRARY
THANK YOU VERY MUCH!
Pablo.Iriarte@unige.ch
Floriane.Muller@unige.ch
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Floriane Muller, Pablo Iriarte, University of Geneva Library, Switzerland Measuring the impact of piracy and open access on the academic library services

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Floriane Muller, Pablo Iriarte, University of Geneva Library, Switzerland Measuring the impact of piracy and open access on the academic library services

  1. 1. LIBRARY MEASURING THE IMPACT OF PIRACY AND OPEN ACCESS ON THE ACADEMIC LIBRARY SERVICES Pablo Iriarte Floriane Muller ILDS conference, Paris, October 4th, 2017 Pablo.Iriarte@unige.ch Floriane.Muler@unige.ch
  2. 2. LIBRARY AGENDA 1. Context 2. Methods: Data Analysis 3. Results & Discussion 4. Conclusions
  3. 3. LIBRARY CONTEXT ILL/DD Trends Shift from paper to e-resources Open Access Piracy
  4. 4. 4 ILL/DD TRENDS IN SWISS UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
  5. 5. 5 ILL/DD TRENDS IN SWISS MEDICAL LIBRARIES
  6. 6. 6 ILL/DD TRENDS
  7. 7. 7 PORTION OF ACQUISITION BUDGET DEVOTED TO E-RESOURCES
  8. 8. 8 YET, FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 2016 1 679 037 1 713 114 1 935 068 1 900 846 1 550 000 1 600 000 1 650 000 1 700 000 1 750 000 1 800 000 1 850 000 1 900 000 1 950 000 2 000 000 2013 2014 2015 2016 Full-text article requests at University of Geneva Library
  9. 9. 9 THE STATE OF OPEN ACCESS On october 3rd, 2017 https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.3119v1 DOI: 10.1038/nature.2017.22418
  10. 10. 10 PIRACY Bohannon J. Who’s downloading pirated papers? Everyone. Science [Internet]. 28 avr 2016 [cité 3 oct 2017]; Disponible sur: http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/04/whos-downloading-pirated-papers-everyone
  11. 11. 11 SO… When it comes to obtaining the full-text of an article… …To what resources and services can/do our scholars turn ?
  12. 12. LIBRARY DATA ANALYSIS Our data sources Data cleaning, processing & merge
  13. 13. 13 OUR DATA SOURCES WOS SCI ed. (articles cited by UNIGE members in 2015-6) E-journals Serial collection ILL/DD Insitutional Repository oaDOI SciHub
  14. 14. DATA CLEANING, PROCESSING & ENRICHMENT WOS SCI CITATIONS Web of Science SCI edition n2015 = 3'833 n2016 = 3'989 DOI included in the reference ? Use Crossref API to retrieve detailed metadata Use Crossref OpenURL web service to find the DOI from the available metadata Dataset used for data analysis and merging NDOI=223'283 No Ndoi=48'521 (18%) Yes Ndoi=228'092 (82%) Retrieve all citation data for those works On March 3rd, 2017, extract all works published in 2015 and 2016, Affiliation enhanced = University of Geneva cit2015 =171'267 cit2016 =193'178 CitTotal = 364'445 223'283 Valid DOIs 32 duplicates 18'542 Bad DOIs 13'765 DOI found (28%) 34'756 Not found (72%) DOI found N=13'765 No DOI N=34'756 Excluded references (missing data) N=53'330 Valid DOIs Bad DOIs or duplicates N=18'574 UniqueRef2015 =143'142 UniqueRef2016 =158'563 UniqueRefTotal =276'613 Deduplicate
  15. 15. DATA CLEANING, PROCESSING & ENRICHMENT ILL/DD OpenILLink (ILL Tool used at Medical & Science library at UNIGE) Orders2015-2016 = 7'509 Requested doc has DOI or PMID ? Use NLM E- utilities service to obtain equivalent DOI Use Crossref OpenURL web service to find the DOI from the available metadata Dataset used for data analysis and merging N=3'728 (50%) No N=2'772 (27%) Yes N=4'737 (63%) Export all anonymised orders meeting following criteria - Request date: 2015 & 2016 - user requesting doc is affiliated to UNIGE or Univ. Hospital (HUG) 1'523 DOI found 3'781 No DOI found No DOI N=3'781 DOI obtained = ? No DOI obtained = ? Excluded references (missing data) N=3'781 (50%) Which one ? DOI N=9 PMID N=4'728 No DOI N=2'532 (54%) DOI N=2'196 (46%) DOIs N=1'523 Very small because our OpenILLink Tool had a DOI problem
  16. 16. 16 OUR PROCESS TO VERIFY ACCESSIBILITY / USAGE For each article (with a valid DOI and corresponding metadata) cited in UNIGE 2015-6 publications in WOS SCI, check if ISSN is amongst print / online suscription resources and corresponding year match ? Query DOI in OaDOI API and get answer regarding status: OA or closed ? DOI is present in SciHub requests from Switzerland IP address (2015-16 partial data) DOI is present in 2015-2016 ILL/DD requests DOI is amongst our insitutional repository and if yes, what is full-text status (Green OA) Usable dataset N=3'728 (50%) Usable dataset N=33'876 Nprint= 9'671 Nonline=79'758 Dataset usable for data analysis and merging NDOI=223'283 (80%) Cleaned dataset N=33'993Keep only articles: 220’527
  17. 17. 17 FINAL MATRIX
  18. 18. 18 SOME LIMITATIONS • Imperfect data sources o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it
  19. 19. 19 SOME LIMITATIONS • Imperfect data sources o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it
  20. 20. 20 SOME LIMITATIONS • Imperfect data sources o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it o SFX / catalog data : one-time 2017 snapshots. o Not all UNIGE papers are in WOS o WOS citations data are not so clean (missing metadata, no DOI or DOI not valid) o Half of ILL requests could not be analysed • Imperfect Unique identifiers o No PMID to DOI easy reliable conversion tool o Undeclared DOI ? • Short time-frame o Publication takes time. Researchers may cite articles they have gotten long ago (so not in our 2015-6 radar) • Other factors o Eg. Free ILL/DD may have a role is trends o Researcher may resort to many other article providing « sources » o Do they cite unread articles ? • Only journal articles
  21. 21. LIBRARY RESULTS & DISCUSSION
  22. 22. 22 CITED IN 2015 ARTICLES AVAILABILITY WITHIN DATA SOURCES
  23. 23. 23 CITED IN 2016 ARTICLES AVAILABILITY WITHIN DATA SOURCES
  24. 24. 24 THE HIDDEN FIGURES 2015: 18’595 2016: 14’412 ???
  25. 25. 25 DISTRIBUTION OF CITED ARTICLE BY YEAR PUBLISHED Distribution of the 115’045 different articles cited in 2015 publications Distribution of the 127’738 different articles cited in 2016 publications
  26. 26. 26 SHIFT BETWEEN 2015 & 2016 ?
  27. 27. 27 CONCLUSIONS • Need for articles should still be present as our researchers cite more and more • Confirmed some feelings we had: ✓ OA is growing faster than the rest ✓ The library offers nice coverage. ✓ Piracy is not so high in Switzerland ✓ We don’t know all sources (and practices) • But : we can’t explain the slight 2016 usage decrease of our e-journals. • More research needed (survey ? direct observation ? …) • Repeat for all resources provided by university and develop as a promotion tool for library services incl. ILL/DD?
  28. 28. 28 SELECTED REFERENCES • Bohannon, John. 2016. « Who’s downloading pirated papers? Everyone ». Science, avril. doi:10.1126/science.aaf5664. • DOAJ. 2017. « Directory of Open Access Journals ». Consulté le octobre 3. https://doaj.org . • « DOCLINE® Presentations ». 2017. Staff Presentations. Consulté le octobre 3. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/docline/doclinepresentations.html . • « Jahresberichte der Universitätsbibliothek Bern & Libernensis ». 2017. DigiBern. Consulté le octobre 3. http://www.digibern.ch/katalog/jahresberichte-der-universitaetsbibliothek-bern-libernensis. • OFS Office fédéral de la statistique. 2017a. Proportion des frais d’acquisition de documents sur supports électroniques par rapport aux frais totaux d’acquisition de documents. Consulté le octobre 3. https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/fr/home/statistiques/culture-medias-societe-information- sport/culture/bibliotheques.assetdetail.3104351.html . • ———. 2017b. « Statistique suisse des bibliothèques su-f-16.02.02.02 & su-f-16.02.02.04 ». Consulté le octobre 3. https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/fr/home/statistiques/culture-medias-societe-information- sport/culture/bibliotheques.html . • Piwowar, Heather, Jason Priem, Vincent Larivière, Juan Pablo Alperin, Lisa Matthias, Bree Norlander, Ashley Farley, Jevin West, et Stefanie Haustein. 2017. « The State of OA: A Large-Scale Analysis of the Prevalence and Impact of Open Access Articles ». e3119v1. PeerJ Preprints. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3119v1. • Singh Chawla, Dalmeet. 2017. « Half of papers searched for online are free to read ». Nature, août. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.22418. • « Universitätsbibliothek Basel: UB Hauptbibliothek: Jahresberichte der UB ». 2017. Consulté le octobre 3. http://www.ub.unibas.ch/ub-hauptbibliothek/wir-ueber-uns/weiteres/jahresberichte-der-ub/ .
  29. 29. LIBRARY THANK YOU VERY MUCH! Pablo.Iriarte@unige.ch Floriane.Muller@unige.ch

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