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The Causes of WW1•Militarism•Alliances•Imperialism•Nationalism•Significant individuals
Militarism 1.     Germany was competing with      the UK to build battleships.     The British feared an attack on      ...
Militarism 2.     Germany was competing with Russia      and France to expand their armies                   1880 1914  ...
Alliances By 1914 all the major  powers were linked  by a system of  alliances. The alliances made it  more likely that ...
Imperialism     All the great powers were competing for      colonies / territory.     The British feared Germany in Afr...
Nationalism   This was an age when all nations wanted to assert their    power and independence.   In Europe Slavs, aide...
The principal caracteres ofthe diferentes countries
Significant Individuals 1.      Kaiser Wilhelm II               “Germany must have                                       ...
Significant Individuals 2     Count Berchtold     Austrian Prime Minister.     During the July Crisis, decided on      ...
Significant Individuals 3   Bethmann   Hollweg   German   Prime Minister   Gave  very strong    support to Austria    d...
The Crisis 1.   28 June 1914   Heir to Austrian    throne Franz    Ferdinand visits    Sarajevo.   Capital of Bosnia,  ...
The Crisis 2.   “Black Hand”    terrorists attack the    Arch Duke   Bomb attempt fails in    morning   Gavrilo Princip...
The Crisis 3.     Austrians, supported by      Germany, send Serbia a      tough ultimatum.                 “Demands must...
Why did Britain get involved?   Britain had Ententes    Sir Edward Grey    with France and         British Foreign Secret...
The Schlieffen Plan   Germany’s military    plan to defeat    France and Russia.   “Knock out blow”    aimed at France  ...
Britain’s Reaction     1838- UK had signed a      Treaty to protect      Belgium.     Britain also scared of      German...
Weapons   These are the most commons weapons of First    War World.   The most commons weapons were Handguns and    Rifl...
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Thecausesofww

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Thecausesofww

  1. 1. The Causes of WW1•Militarism•Alliances•Imperialism•Nationalism•Significant individuals
  2. 2. Militarism 1.  Germany was competing with the UK to build battleships.  The British feared an attack on their Empire  The UK were concerned because Germany was catching up in a few years.
  3. 3. Militarism 2.  Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies 1880 1914  Germany 1.3m 5.0m  France 0.73m4.0m  Russia 0.40m1.2m Germany was very worried by what they called “encirclement”. Friendship between Russia and France
  4. 4. Alliances By 1914 all the major powers were linked by a system of alliances. The alliances made it more likely that a war would start. Once started, the alliances made it more likely to spread.
  5. 5. Imperialism  All the great powers were competing for colonies / territory.  The British feared Germany in Africa.  The Austrians feared Serbia / Russia in the Balkans  All the empires were getting stronger because they know the war was imminent.  The countries thought the war would be short, but it wasn’t like that.
  6. 6. Nationalism This was an age when all nations wanted to assert their power and independence. In Europe Slavs, aided by Serbia and Russia, wanted to be free of Austrian rule. Serbia’s national flag
  7. 7. The principal caracteres ofthe diferentes countries
  8. 8. Significant Individuals 1.  Kaiser Wilhelm II “Germany must have its place in the sun”  Built up German army and navy “The world belongs to the strong.”  Aggressive foreign policy  Determined to make Germany a top nation.  Distrusted by other powers
  9. 9. Significant Individuals 2  Count Berchtold  Austrian Prime Minister.  During the July Crisis, decided on a very tough ultimatum for Serbia “Were the Serbs to agree to all the demands, this would not be to my liking”
  10. 10. Significant Individuals 3  Bethmann Hollweg  German Prime Minister  Gave very strong support to Austria during the July crisis while Kaiser was “The Austrian demands are moderate. Any cruising on his yacht interference by Britain, France and Russia would be followed by incalculable consequences”
  11. 11. The Crisis 1.  28 June 1914  Heir to Austrian throne Franz Ferdinand visits Sarajevo.  Capital of Bosnia, recently grabbed by Austria.  Hotbed of Slav Seal of the nationalism Black Hand group
  12. 12. The Crisis 2.  “Black Hand” terrorists attack the Arch Duke  Bomb attempt fails in morning  Gavrilo Princip shoots Archduke and wife in the afternoon.  Austrians blame Serbia for supporting terrorists.
  13. 13. The Crisis 3.  Austrians, supported by Germany, send Serbia a tough ultimatum. “Demands must be put to Serbia that  Serbia agrees to all but two would be wholly terms of the ultimatum. impossible for them  Russia mobilises her troops to to accept …” support Serbia  Germany demands that Russia stands her armies down.  Germany declares war on Russia
  14. 14. Why did Britain get involved?  Britain had Ententes Sir Edward Grey with France and British Foreign Secretary … “There’s some devilry Russia. going on in Berlin”  Only “friendly agreements” but French and Russians given impression Britain would fight.  The Schlieffen Plan
  15. 15. The Schlieffen Plan  Germany’s military plan to defeat France and Russia.  “Knock out blow” aimed at France first.  Avoid French defences by invasion of Belgium.  Germans thought Britain would not intervene in the war versus them
  16. 16. Britain’s Reaction  1838- UK had signed a Treaty to protect Belgium.  Britain also scared of Germany controlling Channel ports.  Did not want Germany to defeat France and dominate Europe. Britain next?  UK issued ultimatum to Germany to withdraw troops from Belgium. War declared August 4 1914
  17. 17. Weapons These are the most commons weapons of First War World. The most commons weapons were Handguns and Rifles. The best soldiers were the Germans then the France Then the Russians then the Austria Hungary then Italy and In the last Britain.

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