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Last chance to reform the CAP - Celine Charveriat

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Presentation at Berlin Agrarkongress, 15-01-2019

Publié dans : Environnement
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Last chance to reform the CAP - Celine Charveriat

  1. 1. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Last chance to reform the CAP Putting society at the centre 15 January 2019 Celine Charveriat, Executive director, IEEP
  2. 2. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Just a word about the Institute of European Environmental Policies (IEEP) • More than 40 years old • Independent, evidence based • Sustainability think tank • Committed to advancing impact-driven sustainability policy across the EU and the world • Work with stakeholders across EU institutions, international bodies, academia, civil society and industry
  3. 3. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu IEEP: Science-Policy Solutions
  4. 4. Why is change needed? *The status quo is no longer an option* • Environmental and climate challenges remain critical- > science is unequivocal • Greater ambition in tackling these challenges is imperative or we risk undermining the long term viability of agricultural and forest systems • A healthy environment makes a fundamental contribution to vibrant rural areas (economically and socially) • Member States have not demonstrated a good track record in using existing CAP flexibilities to deliver environmental/climate outcomes • + new international and climate commitments since last reform (COP21 and SDGs) • + increasing demand for change from consumers
  5. 5. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Some lessons from the current CAP  Flexibility & lack of specificity of objectives often lead to choices that maintain status quo – e.g. greening  Rural Development measures are critical to address environmental priorities - must be adequately funded  Effective implementation requires clear targeting, advice, monitoring and review  A coherent approach to environmental delivery across Pillar 1 and Pillar 2 is essential (targeting/timeframe/silos)  Stakeholders must be engaged in policy design, implementation and review
  6. 6. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu The Commission’s Proposals for the CAP • Shift the focus of payments and support away from compliance with detailed rules set at the EU level, towards a focus on performance • Rebalance responsibilities between EU and Member States * CAP Strategic Plans *
  7. 7. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu The Commission’s Proposals for the CAP - Strategic approach to the whole CAP (pillar 1 and pillar 2) - Results oriented - Needs assessment underpinning the strategic plans - New environmental tool in pillar 1: Ecoscheme - Possibility to shift 30% of pillar 1 money to pillar 2 - Legal requirement for the authorities competent for environment and climate to be involved in the drafting of the strategic plans - Bigger budget cut in Pillar 2/Pillar 1 - No ring fencing for the environment in Pillar 1 - Flexibility risks low ambition - CAP specific objectives are not clearly linked to EU legislation – risks vague targets being set by MSs and generic schemes developed - Environmental stakeholders are not listed as partners that must be consulted - Consultation of civil society not part of the approval process - Indicators not sufficiently specific to demonstrate quality of results
  8. 8. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu The next steps • European Parliament and Council now working on the texts • Over 6000 Amendments from the European Parliament -> many of which aiming at reducing further the level of environmental ambition • Vote in the responsible committee in the European Parliament in March but unlikely to have a plenary before the elections • The European Council made progress under the Austrian Presidency -> progress report sent to the Romanian Presidency …. Overall direction of travel is worrying and lack of clarity vis-a vis the future Parliament etc….
  9. 9. What will it take (1)?  Political will: MSs need to embrace the new performance-based approach and tailored their CAP support according to their priorities and needs. CAP Proposals provide many opportunities to enhance environmental and climate ambition BUT so far there are not enough provisions to ensure accountability and no ‘race to the bottom’
  10. 10. What will it take (2)?  Capacity  Ring-fenced funding for environment  Right scope/coverage  Quality data and robust M&E including SMART objectives and indicators  Capacity building for national authorities  Participation and accountability:  Serious transparency, inclusiveness and participatory approach with civil society  Credible dialogue with environmental ministries  Rigorous approval and review process at EU level
  11. 11. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu What will it take (3): Think beyond the CAP, Think 2030 • Agriculture policy is a tool to achieve Europe’s ambitions, not an end in and of itself. • Part of a holistic plan for sustainable consumption in Europe (80% reduction in material footprint by 2050) and comprehensive health policy (pollution free environment, geared to improved life expectancy and quality of life) • Keeping the food system within planetary boundaries requires: - changing consumption patterns / dietary preferences, eliminating food wastes and losses, and transforming agricultural production systems - a new contract between farmers and society (remunerative farm gate prices+ reward for public good provision) - appropriate governance mechanisms - demand management e.g. new approaches for pricing agricultural goods (retail price of food internalising true cost of sustainability). • More on the think 2030 webpage
  12. 12. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu For further information contact: Faustine Bas-Defossez (fbas-defossez@ieep.eu)
  13. 13. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu References: - Evaluation study of the payment for agricultural practices beneficial for climate and the environment, IEEP, Oreade Breche - https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/fullrep_en.pdf - Hart K and Bas-Defossez F (2018) CAP 2021-27: Proposals for increasing its environmental and climate ambition, report for NABU by IEEP - https://ieep.eu/uploads/articles/attachments/63db952e-0825-4eb8-80fe- f88708cfd62f/NABU%20CAP%20Report%20-%20FINAL%20.pdf?v=63710723894 - Bas-Defossez F, Allen B, Weigelt J, Marechal A, Meredith S and Lorant A (2018) Feeding Europe: Agriculture, and sustainable food systems, Policy Paper produced for the IEEP Think2030 conference, Brussels, October 2018- https://ieep.eu/uploads/articles/attachments/64e06bc1-6c2e-4b94-bc93- 9150725093ac/Think%202030%20Feeding%20Europe.pdf?v=63710011359 - SOER 2015 — The European environment — state and outlook 2015

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