2. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha
Abhiyan (RMSA) is a centrally sponsored
scheme of the Ministry of Human Resource
Development, Government of India, for the
development of secondary education in public
schools throughout India.
It was launched in March 2009 during 10th five
The implementation of the scheme has started
from 2009-2010 to provide conditions for an
efficient growth, development and equity for all..
3. After the successful launch of SSA the
government wanted to focus on secondary
A force to empower students capable of
competing in the global market for a successful
life by the age of eighteen years.
It also aims to improve the quality of secondary
4. The scheme envisage achieving a gross enrolment ratio
of 75% from 52.26% in 2005-06 for classes IX-X within
5 years of its implementation, by providing a secondary
school within reasonable distance of any habitation.
Improve the quality of education imparted at secondary
level by making all secondary schools conform to
Remove gender, socio-economic and disability barriers.
To achieve universal access to secondary level education
by 2017 (i.e) by the end of 12th Five year plan.
To achieve universalize retention by 2020
5. The vision of RMSA is “to make good quality
education available and accessible and affordable to all
young persons in age group of 14 – 18 barriers free”.
The following activities are proposed to realize the vision.
To provide a secondary school within a reasonable
distance of any habitation, which should be 5 kilometer
for secondary schools and 7 -10 kilometers for higher
School management should provide transport system.
Ensure universal access of secondary education by 2017.
6. Providing access to secondary education with
special references to:
economically weaker sections of the society,
the educationally backward,
the girls and
the disabled children residing in rural areas and
other marginalized categories likeSC, ST, and
Educationally Backward Minorities (EBM).
7. Establishing residential schools in tribal areas.
All schools should have the prescribed school
No students should be deprived of secondary
Universal retention by 2020.
8. The aim of education is identified as the development of
the following five domains.
1.) Building up citizenship for a country that is striving to
become a democratic, egalitarian and secular society
2.) interdisciplinary approach to knowledge, concept formation
(not just piling up information) and its application in daily life
and attributes such as critical thought and creativity
3.) Evolving values in a plural society that is, at the same time,
stratified and hierarchical
4. ) Skill formation in the context of rapidly changing technology
which demands formation of multiple skills, transfer of
learning and ability learn.
9. Major milestones of RMSA are Access, Quality, and
Ensuring institutional access to all, is the
primary step of universalisation. The following
activities are planned to increase access:
10. Expansion of existing Secondary Schools &
Higher Secondary Schools.
RMSA for universal education in India .
Up gradation of Upper Primary / secondary
Schools with all necessary infrastructure facilities
All these buildings will have mandatory rain
water harvesting system
11. Physical Facilities
Additional class rooms
Art and crafts room
Drinking water provisions
Residential Hostels for Teachers in remote areas.
12. Quality Interventions
Appointment of additional teachers to reduce to
Focus on Science, Math
and English education
In-service training of teachers
ICT enabled education
Curriculum reforms; and
Teaching learning reforms.
13. Equity Interventions
Special focus in micro planning
Preference to Ashram schools for up gradation
Preference to areas with concentration of
SC/ST/Minority for opening of schools
Special enrolment drive for the weaker section
More female teachers in schools
Separate toilet blocks for girls.
14. The aim universalisation of secondary
education definitely, demands for universalisation
of higher education in the near future, hence it is
time for preparatory activities of the same