ANATOMY OF THE UPPER
EXTREMITIES
Surface Anatomy: SHOULDER AND AXILLA
Surface Anatomy: SCAPULAR REGION
BONY LANDMARKS AND MUSCLES OF SCAPULAR
REGION
ANTERIOR SHOULDER WITH AXILLARY
FOLD AND WALLS
AXILLARY NEUROVASCULAR BUNDLE
AND LONG THORACIC N.
CLAVIPECTORAL TRIANGLE AND
CEPHALIC VEIN
MEDIAL VIEW OF ARM WITH
BRACHIAL A., MEDIAN AND ULNAR N.
CUBITAL FOSSA
CUBITAL FOSSA: BOUNDARIES AND
CONTENTS
CUBITAL FOSSA
ANTERIOR DISTAL FOREARM AND
WRIST
POSTERIOR FOREARM AND WRIST
LATERAL VIEW DISTAL FOREARM AND
WRIST
CONTENTS OF THE ANATOMICAL
SNUFFBOX
ANTERIOR VIEW OF HAND
DORSAL VIEW OF HAND
FLEXOR RETINACULUM AND
RECURRENT BRANCH OF MEDIAN N.
SUPERFICIAL AND DEEP PALMAR ARCHES
BONES OF THE UPPER EXTREMITIES
SHOULDER GIRDLE
• CLAVICLE (COLLAR BONE)
– STERNAL END –articulates with sternum
– ACROMIAL END –articulates with acromion...
CLAVICLE
STERNOCLAVICULAR JOINT
RIGHT ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT
PROXIMAL END, HUMERUS
GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
CAPSULE OF RIGHT GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
ANTERIOR DISLOCATION, LEFT GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
HUMERUS
RADIUS
ANTERIOR VIEW OF PROXIMAL RADIUS
ULNA
COMPONENTS OF MOVEMENT IN THE
ELBOW
RADIO-ULNAR JOINT
X-RAY OF THE ELBOW JOINT
X-RAY OF THE ELBOW JOINT: ANTERIOR VIEW
X-RAY OF THE ELBOW JOINT: LATERAL
VIEW
MIDSHAFT FX OF HUMERUS : RADIAL
N. INJURY
AP VIEW RADIUS AND ULNA
CARPAL BONES
• “PUT THE LAST STRAW TO THE CAMEL’S
HEAD”
– P = PISIFORM
– T = TRIQUETRIUM
– L = LUNATE
– S = SCAPHOID
– T =...
AP X-RAY HAND AND WRIST
X-RAY WRIST
SCAPHOID FRACTURE
MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER
• DELTOID
• SUPRASPINATUS
• INFRASPINATUS
• TERES MINOR
• SUBSCAPULARIS
• TERES MAJOR
MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER
MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER
RIGHT POSTERIOR SCAPULAR REGION
ARTERIES AND NERVES, POST. SCAPULAR AREA
PECTORALIS MAJOR MUSCLE
LATERAL WALL OF THE AXILLA
POSTERIOR WALL OF THE AXILLA
CONTENTS OF THE AXILLA: MUSCLES
CONTENTS OF THE AXILLA: AXILLARY A.
LYMPH NODES AND VESSELS OF THE AXILLA
BRANCHES OF THE AXILLARY A.
AXILLARY VEIN
TRANSVERSE SECTION THRU MID ARM
DISTAL END OF THE HUMERUS
MUSCLE COMPARTMENTS OF ARM AND FOREARM
INNERVATION OF THE UPPER LIMBS
BRACHIAL PLEXUS
BRACHIAL PLEXUS
BRANCHES OF THE ROOTS AND
TRUNKS OF BRACHIAL PLEXUS
BRANCHES OF THE LATERAL AND MEDIAL CORDS
BRANCHES OF THE POSTERIOR CORD
DERMATOMES AND MYOTOMES
NERVES RELATED TO THE HUMERUS
MUSCLES OF THE ARM
• CORACOBRACHIALIS – flex, adduct arm –MC N.
• BICEPS LONG HEAD – flex arm, forearm –MC N.
• BICEPS SHO...
BICEPS BRACHII AND BRACHIALIS M.
TRICEPS MUSCLE
MUSCULOCUTANEOUS, MEDIAN, ULNAR N.
RADIAL NERVE IN THE ARM
MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR FOREARM
• SUPERFICIAL GROUP
– PRONATOR TERES –pronates hand –MEDIAN N.
– FLEX. CARPI RADIALIS –fle...
SUPERFICIAL LAYER FOREARM MUSCLES
MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR FOREARM
• DEEP GROUP
– FLEX. DIGIT. PROFUNDUS –flex all phalanges, hand
–MEDIAN, ULNAR N.
– FLEX P...
DEEP LAYER FOREARM MUSCLES
MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR
FOREARM
• SUPERFICIAL GROUP
– BRACHIORADIALIS –flex forearm –RADIAL N.
– EXT. CARPI RADIALIS LONG...
POST. COMPARTMENT SUPERFICIAL LAYER
MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR
FOREARM
• DEEP GROUP
– SUPINATOR –supinates hand –RADIAL N.
– ABDUCTOR POLL. LONGUS –abducts thum...
DEEP LAYER, POST. COMPARTMENT
CONTENTS OF CUBITAL FOSSA
ARTERIES OF THE ANT. COMPARTMENT
PALMAR APONEUROSIS
ANATOMICAL SNUFFBOX
DORSAL INTEROSSEI (PALMAR VIEW)
ADDUCTOR POLLICIS
THENAR AND HYPOTHENAR MUSCLES
LUMBRICAL MUSCLES
ARTERIAL SUPPLY OF THE HAND
DEEP PALMAR ARCH
DORSAL VENOUS ARCH
ULNAR NERVE IN THE HAND
RADIAL NERVE IN THE HAND
BRACHIAL ARTERY AND BRANCHES
ARTERIAL ANASTOMOSIS AROUND THE SHOULDER
VEINS OF THE ARM
SUPERFICIAL VEINS
Anatomy of the Upper Extremities (Gray's)
Anatomy of the Upper Extremities (Gray's)
Anatomy of the Upper Extremities (Gray's)
Anatomy of the Upper Extremities (Gray's)
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Anatomy of the Upper Extremities (Gray's)

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Anatomy of the Upper Extremities (Gray's)

  1. 1. ANATOMY OF THE UPPER EXTREMITIES
  2. 2. Surface Anatomy: SHOULDER AND AXILLA
  3. 3. Surface Anatomy: SCAPULAR REGION
  4. 4. BONY LANDMARKS AND MUSCLES OF SCAPULAR REGION
  5. 5. ANTERIOR SHOULDER WITH AXILLARY FOLD AND WALLS
  6. 6. AXILLARY NEUROVASCULAR BUNDLE AND LONG THORACIC N.
  7. 7. CLAVIPECTORAL TRIANGLE AND CEPHALIC VEIN
  8. 8. MEDIAL VIEW OF ARM WITH BRACHIAL A., MEDIAN AND ULNAR N.
  9. 9. CUBITAL FOSSA
  10. 10. CUBITAL FOSSA: BOUNDARIES AND CONTENTS
  11. 11. CUBITAL FOSSA
  12. 12. ANTERIOR DISTAL FOREARM AND WRIST
  13. 13. POSTERIOR FOREARM AND WRIST
  14. 14. LATERAL VIEW DISTAL FOREARM AND WRIST
  15. 15. CONTENTS OF THE ANATOMICAL SNUFFBOX
  16. 16. ANTERIOR VIEW OF HAND
  17. 17. DORSAL VIEW OF HAND
  18. 18. FLEXOR RETINACULUM AND RECURRENT BRANCH OF MEDIAN N.
  19. 19. SUPERFICIAL AND DEEP PALMAR ARCHES
  20. 20. BONES OF THE UPPER EXTREMITIES
  21. 21. SHOULDER GIRDLE • CLAVICLE (COLLAR BONE) – STERNAL END –articulates with sternum – ACROMIAL END –articulates with acromion of the scapula • SCAPULA – 2 surfaces –VENTRAL SURFACE (SUBSCAPULAR FOSSA), DORSAL SURFACE divided by the SPINE into SUPRA- and INFRASPINATUS FOSSAE
  22. 22. CLAVICLE
  23. 23. STERNOCLAVICULAR JOINT
  24. 24. RIGHT ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT
  25. 25. PROXIMAL END, HUMERUS
  26. 26. GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
  27. 27. CAPSULE OF RIGHT GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
  28. 28. GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
  29. 29. ANTERIOR DISLOCATION, LEFT GLENOHUMERAL JOINT
  30. 30. HUMERUS
  31. 31. RADIUS
  32. 32. ANTERIOR VIEW OF PROXIMAL RADIUS
  33. 33. ULNA
  34. 34. COMPONENTS OF MOVEMENT IN THE ELBOW
  35. 35. RADIO-ULNAR JOINT
  36. 36. X-RAY OF THE ELBOW JOINT
  37. 37. X-RAY OF THE ELBOW JOINT: ANTERIOR VIEW
  38. 38. X-RAY OF THE ELBOW JOINT: LATERAL VIEW
  39. 39. MIDSHAFT FX OF HUMERUS : RADIAL N. INJURY
  40. 40. AP VIEW RADIUS AND ULNA
  41. 41. CARPAL BONES • “PUT THE LAST STRAW TO THE CAMEL’S HEAD” – P = PISIFORM – T = TRIQUETRIUM – L = LUNATE – S = SCAPHOID – T = TRAPEZIUM – T = TRAPEZOID – C = CAPITATE – H= HAMATE
  42. 42. AP X-RAY HAND AND WRIST
  43. 43. X-RAY WRIST
  44. 44. SCAPHOID FRACTURE
  45. 45. MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER • DELTOID • SUPRASPINATUS • INFRASPINATUS • TERES MINOR • SUBSCAPULARIS • TERES MAJOR
  46. 46. MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER
  47. 47. MUSCLES OF THE SHOULDER
  48. 48. RIGHT POSTERIOR SCAPULAR REGION
  49. 49. ARTERIES AND NERVES, POST. SCAPULAR AREA
  50. 50. PECTORALIS MAJOR MUSCLE
  51. 51. LATERAL WALL OF THE AXILLA
  52. 52. POSTERIOR WALL OF THE AXILLA
  53. 53. CONTENTS OF THE AXILLA: MUSCLES
  54. 54. CONTENTS OF THE AXILLA: AXILLARY A.
  55. 55. LYMPH NODES AND VESSELS OF THE AXILLA
  56. 56. BRANCHES OF THE AXILLARY A.
  57. 57. AXILLARY VEIN
  58. 58. TRANSVERSE SECTION THRU MID ARM
  59. 59. DISTAL END OF THE HUMERUS
  60. 60. MUSCLE COMPARTMENTS OF ARM AND FOREARM
  61. 61. INNERVATION OF THE UPPER LIMBS
  62. 62. BRACHIAL PLEXUS
  63. 63. BRACHIAL PLEXUS
  64. 64. BRANCHES OF THE ROOTS AND TRUNKS OF BRACHIAL PLEXUS
  65. 65. BRANCHES OF THE LATERAL AND MEDIAL CORDS
  66. 66. BRANCHES OF THE POSTERIOR CORD
  67. 67. DERMATOMES AND MYOTOMES
  68. 68. NERVES RELATED TO THE HUMERUS
  69. 69. MUSCLES OF THE ARM • CORACOBRACHIALIS – flex, adduct arm –MC N. • BICEPS LONG HEAD – flex arm, forearm –MC N. • BICEPS SHORT HEAD –supinatesnhand –MC N. • BRACHIALIS – flex forearm –MC., RAD., MED • TRICEPS – LONG HEAD –extend, adduct arm-RADIAL N. – LATERAL HEAD –extend forearm-RADIAL N. – MEDIAL HEAD-extend forearm-RADIAL N.
  70. 70. BICEPS BRACHII AND BRACHIALIS M.
  71. 71. TRICEPS MUSCLE
  72. 72. MUSCULOCUTANEOUS, MEDIAN, ULNAR N.
  73. 73. RADIAL NERVE IN THE ARM
  74. 74. MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR FOREARM • SUPERFICIAL GROUP – PRONATOR TERES –pronates hand –MEDIAN N. – FLEX. CARPI RADIALIS –flex forearm; flex, abduct hand-MEDIAN N. – PALMARIS LONGUS-flex arm, forearm –MEDIAN N. – FLEX. CARPI ULNARIS-flex forearm; flex, adducts hand-ULNAR N. – FLEX. DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS; flex hand, forearm –MEDIAN N.
  75. 75. SUPERFICIAL LAYER FOREARM MUSCLES
  76. 76. MUSCLES OF THE ANTERIOR FOREARM • DEEP GROUP – FLEX. DIGIT. PROFUNDUS –flex all phalanges, hand –MEDIAN, ULNAR N. – FLEX POLL. LONGUS –flex thumb; flex, adducts 1st metacarpal –ULNAR N. – PRONATOR QUADRATUS –pronates hand – MEDIAN N.
  77. 77. DEEP LAYER FOREARM MUSCLES
  78. 78. MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR FOREARM • SUPERFICIAL GROUP – BRACHIORADIALIS –flex forearm –RADIAL N. – EXT. CARPI RADIALIS LONGUS –extend, abducts hand – RADIAL – EXT. CARPI RADIALIS BREVIS –EXTEND, ABDUCTS HAND –RADIAL – EXT. DIGIT. COMMUNIS –extends fingers, hand - RADIAL – EXT. DIGIT. MINIMI –extends little finger –RADIAL – EXT. CARPI ULNARIS –extends, adducts hand –RADIAL – ANCONEUS –extends forearm -RADIAL
  79. 79. POST. COMPARTMENT SUPERFICIAL LAYER
  80. 80. MUSCLES OF THE POSTERIOR FOREARM • DEEP GROUP – SUPINATOR –supinates hand –RADIAL N. – ABDUCTOR POLL. LONGUS –abducts thumb, hand –RADIAL N. – EXT.POLL. BREV. –extends last phalanx of thumb, abducts hand –RADIAL – EXT. POLL. LONGUS –extends first phalanx of thumb, abducts hand –RADIAL – EXT. INDICIS –extends and adducts index finger - RADIAL
  81. 81. DEEP LAYER, POST. COMPARTMENT
  82. 82. CONTENTS OF CUBITAL FOSSA
  83. 83. ARTERIES OF THE ANT. COMPARTMENT
  84. 84. PALMAR APONEUROSIS
  85. 85. ANATOMICAL SNUFFBOX
  86. 86. DORSAL INTEROSSEI (PALMAR VIEW)
  87. 87. ADDUCTOR POLLICIS
  88. 88. THENAR AND HYPOTHENAR MUSCLES
  89. 89. LUMBRICAL MUSCLES
  90. 90. ARTERIAL SUPPLY OF THE HAND
  91. 91. DEEP PALMAR ARCH
  92. 92. DORSAL VENOUS ARCH
  93. 93. ULNAR NERVE IN THE HAND
  94. 94. RADIAL NERVE IN THE HAND
  95. 95. BRACHIAL ARTERY AND BRANCHES
  96. 96. ARTERIAL ANASTOMOSIS AROUND THE SHOULDER
  97. 97. VEINS OF THE ARM
  98. 98. SUPERFICIAL VEINS

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