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The Future of Court Avenue - Jeffersonville, Indiana

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The Future of Court Avenue - Jeffersonville, Indiana

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"Strengthening the City's Civic Spine: The Future of Court Avenue," is the final presentation of the American Institute of Architects Sustainable Design Assessment Team to the community of Jeffersonville, Indiana. A national team of volunteer professionals worked with the community through a 3-day public process to produce a community-driven strategy for the area.

"Strengthening the City's Civic Spine: The Future of Court Avenue," is the final presentation of the American Institute of Architects Sustainable Design Assessment Team to the community of Jeffersonville, Indiana. A national team of volunteer professionals worked with the community through a 3-day public process to produce a community-driven strategy for the area.

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The Future of Court Avenue - Jeffersonville, Indiana

  1. 1. Court Avenue Corridor AIA SDAT City of Jeffersonville, IN Strengthening the City’s Civic Spine
  2. 2. AIA SDAT Process • We came – 3 days with 6 professionals from across the country – June (New York), Judie (Phoenix), Paula (Seattle), Pat (Los Angeles), Marc (Brooklyn), and Taryn (Tampa) • We saw – Toured Court Avenue, from I-65 to Graham St. • We listened – 1 day of stakeholder meetings & community workshop • We planned – 2 days of intensive brainstorming, research, diagramming & sketching • Complete report to follow
  3. 3. We saw… touring Court Avenue Cracked sidewalks Poor crosswalks Historic buildings Lovely homes Assets & Opportunities for Improvement
  4. 4. We saw… touring Court Avenue And a side trip to Schimpff’s Candy!  Also, Café on Meigs, Adrienne’s, Pearl St. Game & Coffee, etc.
  5. 5. We listened… stakeholder sessions
  6. 6. We listened… community workshops
  7. 7. What we heard • Court Ave. Feels Neglected and Unloved (“Bleak”) – Unsafe for all users: drivers, parkers, and walkers – And bicyclists? Forget about it... • Parking, Parking, Parking! • Corridor Turns into a Ghost Town after 5 pm – You love your homes and businesses, but downtown lacks conveniences and amenities, such as a grocery store – The public/civic realm is tired and under-activated • Desire to Strengthen the Downtown District – Capitalize on ped/bike visitors from Big Four Pedestrian Bridge – Improve experience of driver entry points from highways – Realize potential of underutilized and vacant land parcels
  8. 8. Presentation Outline • Context of Court Avenue within City of Jeff – Why Does it Matter? • Growth Opportunities Along the Corridor – The Economic Big Picture – Urban Design Analysis • Healthy Corridor Re-Design – Best Practices for Health and Mobility – Streetscape Elements • Programming the Public Realm
  9. 9. Context of Court Avenue Why Does it Matter?
  10. 10. Context: City of Jeff Metro Louisville’s second downtown, now linked up closer than ever by the Big Four Pedestrian Bridge
  11. 11. Locating the Downtown Court Ave forms a central spine through the downtown, distinct in character & potential from 10th St and Spring St
  12. 12. Civic Anchors Many of the city’s major civic institutions are anchored along, or nearby, the corridor
  13. 13. Court Avenue Corridor Currently disjointed and in flux; with thoughtful planning, the segments can be redesigned to work together
  14. 14. Court Ave: Why Does it Matter? • The Big Four Bridge, a million crossings a year into downtown Jeff, on foot and by bicycle; • The new school will anchor a residential neighborhood, ready to thrive for all ages; • A major point of entry off the highways –first impressions matter; • Court Ave’s been relatively neglected – it’s due for sprucing up – guiding new development; • Upgrades will complement – not compete with – plans for 10th St. and Spring St.
  15. 15. Growth Opportunities Along the Corridor: The Economic Big Picture
  16. 16. Big Picture – What are the Factors that Influence Economic Development? • Demographics of the area • Historical and projected population and employment growth • Availability of skilled and unskilled workforce • Availability of sites and buildings • Access to suppliers • Proximity to competition
  17. 17. Jeffersonville City Key Demographics • 2018-2028 Projected Growth Rate - 4.2% • Higher educational attainment lags the state (22.7% vs. 24.6%) • White collar workers comprise 55.1% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Esri forecasts for 2018
  18. 18. Demographic Comparison Jeffersonville 1 mile 3 mile 5 mile Total Population 47,803 7,797 79,349 237,716 Total Households 19,833 3,655 36,005 104,014 Median Household Income $54,144 $38,824 $38,206 $41,516 Vacant Housing Units 6.9% 11.6% 11.3% 12.2% Number of Businesses 1,569 730 5,748 10,833 Number of Employees 23,279 10,445 131,142 201,638 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Esri forecasts for 2018
  19. 19. One Mile Radius Compared to Jeffersonville City Within the 1 Mile Radius • Contains 16% of Jeffersonville’s population • 47% of total business establishments • 45% of total employment • Daytime population is double the resident population
  20. 20. Key Employment Sectors within One Mile Radius Jeffersonville 1 Mile Radius Retail Trade 11.3% 10.1% Finance & Insurance 6.1% 6.3% Professional, Scientific & Tech Services 8.2% 11.2% Health Care & Social Assistance 11.2% 15.2% Other Services (except Public Administration) 13.3% 11.9% Public Administration 5.7% 9.0% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Esri forecasts for 2018
  21. 21. Where People Live and Work • Employed in Jeffersonville but live elsewhere - 24,627 • Employed and living in Jeffersonville – 6,503 • Total employed in Jeffersonville - 31,130 Source: LEHD On the Map, 2015
  22. 22. Jeffersonville Assets • Civic center uses for all of Jeffersonville (government, courts, library) • New elementary school • Growing visitor destination • Concentration of professional and health services
  23. 23. Opportunities • Redevelop vacant and underutilized properties (Opportunity Sites) • Increase the number of people living downtown • Growing visitor industry facilitated by the Big Four Bridge • Attract a food market • Arts and Cultural district that includes Vintage Fire Museum and the Clark County Museum • Build upon downtown renaissance
  24. 24. Growth Opportunities Along the Corridor: Urban Design Analysis
  25. 25. Existing Character
  26. 26. Underutilized Lots
  27. 27. Growth Character
  28. 28. New Growth
  29. 29. Growth Opportunities
  30. 30. Mixed-use/ Multifamily
  31. 31. New Institutions Affordable Infill Housing
  32. 32. Growth Cycle Want local commercial • Grocery • Personal Services • Bank Local Retail Requires: • More residential households to support businesses Residential Requires: • Active areas Spring Street • Good Parks • Walkable Street • Jobs
  33. 33. Temporary Street Retrofit
  34. 34. Low Cost, Fast Implementation
  35. 35. Parking Surface Parking Estimated 1400 spaces
  36. 36. Parking Parking Structure Study
  37. 37. Parking Structure Study Simple Parking Structure • Adds 118 spaces per level • Estimated cost $20-30k per space • $2.5M-3.5M, without property acquistion Former Bank
  38. 38. Healthy Corridor Re-Design: Best Practices for Health + Mobility
  39. 39. HEALTHY CORRIDOR Re-DESIGN Rendering Courtesy of Tumwater, WA
  40. 40. Why plan for more than just cars on Court? • Health - Portland, Oregon's regional trail network saves the city approximately $115 million per year in healthcare costs. Beil, K., 2011 - Physical Activity and the Intertwine: A Public Health Method of Reducing Obesity and Healthcare Costs • Economics- The Indianapolis Cultural Trail - $62.5 million to build and yielded a $1.01 billion increase in property values adjacent to the trail. Urban Land Institute, 2016 – Active Transportation and Real Estate • Climate - The transportation sector accounts for two-thirds of US oil consumption and accounts for the majority of the greenhouse gasses that cause climate change. US Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 2007 • Our Children - If 20% of school children living within two miles of school were to bike or walk, it would save 4.3 million miles of driving per day. Over a year, that saved driving would prevent 356,000 tons of CO2 and 21,500 tons of other pollutants from being emitted. Pedroso, M., 2008 - Safe Routes to School: Steps to a Greener Future
  41. 41. Source: The Smart Math of Mixed-Use Development, Joe Minicozzi Mixed Use Development & Infrastructure • Asheville, NC Example: City sees 800% higher returns on downtown redevelopment than suburban big box • 15 US Cities: Average $360,000 more in tax revenue generated per acre with downtown redevelopment
  42. 42. Most Importantly… Transportation & housing costs are rising faster than income • Median Income for Court Ave Area Residents is $40,964 • Residents of Court Ave spend 49% of their income on housing and transportation
  43. 43. School Zone & Pedestrian Safety Treatments Rapid Flashing Beacon & Yellow Green Markings Subtle Pavement Changes Visible Wide Crosswalks
  44. 44. School Zone & Pedestrian Safety Treatments Connections Crossing Guards Adequate Bike Parking
  45. 45. Low Cost Speed Management
  46. 46. Practical Design for Bicycle Safety - What Do Bicyclists Need?
  47. 47. Design for Bicycle Safety
  48. 48. Most Protected – Shared Use Path
  49. 49. Protected Bike Lanes: Raised & Curb Separated
  50. 50. Protected Bike Lanes: At Grade, Protected with Flexible Bollards or Other Separation
  51. 51. Low Impact Development – Stormwater Management School Site Improvements Communities can realize cost savings of 30% to 60% by integrating green infrastructure improvements in road reconstruction, utility restoration, or roof replacements. –Real Cost of Green Infrastructure, 2015
  52. 52. Low Impact Development (LID) School Site Improvements
  53. 53. Low Impact Development – Pervious Concrete
  54. 54. Low Impact Development – In Neighborhoods
  55. 55. Re-designing Court Avenue I heard you say… • Crossing the street is like playing a game of Frogger • New School will be a challenge – parking, more traffic, drop off • Corridor is stuck in the 70s and needs to be spruced up • The area just off I-65 is terrible, impassible, bleak • We want a “Family Avenue” with Mom and Pops, boutiques, galleries and services as well as civic center
  56. 56. Corridor Phasing Rules of Thumb 1 - Establish a Gateway 2 - Create a Center 3 - Define the Edges 4 - Strengthen Connections
  57. 57. 1 2 2 Design Concepts for Court Ave Walnut Welcome Zone Community Services Zone Neighborhood Zone
  58. 58. Welcome Zone – Nearest to I-65 TRAFFIC CIRCLE CONCEPT
  59. 59. Multi-way Boulevard – 4 Travel Lanes1
  60. 60. Bedroom or Office to Window & Car Door to Traffic Rules
  61. 61. Multi-way Boulevard Design OPTION 1 OPTION 2
  62. 62. Multi-Way Boulevard Slip Lane – Bothell WA 1
  63. 63. Multi-way Boulevard-2 Lanes & 2-way Bike Lane 2
  64. 64. Civic Zone – School Area School Area Concept 2
  65. 65. Immediate Next Steps: • Develop an Action Plan • Collect current counts and more parking data • Apply low cost safety & speed management • Expand the community dialog
  66. 66. 1. Slow traffic down 2. Make it easier to cross Court Avenue 3. Consistent improvements - “trees all the way” 4. Diagonal parking is unsafe 5. Add bike lanes on one east-west street What We Heard – CivicSpringSt. MeigsAve.
  67. 67. travel lanetravel lane Spring St. to Meigs St. looking east 70' roadway 100' right-of-way 0' 16'10' 14' sidewalk 16' sidewalk angled parkingparking 5-7' 5' park- way walk- way EXISTING Street Cross Section • One lane each way for 12,000 ADT (<20,000-25,000ADT) • 32’ of “excess” roadway • Existing mostly 14-16’ sidewalks : Opportunities
  68. 68. Street Cross Section: Opportunities Start by thinking of streets as places What kind of place do you want Court Avenue to be? "If we can develop and design streets so that they are wonderful, fulfilling places to be,…then we will have successfully designed about one-third of the city directly and had an immense impact on the rest." Allan B. Jacobs
  69. 69. 2. Center Multi-Use Area travel lanetravel lane 70' roadway 100' right-of-way 0' 16'10' 14' sidewalk 16' sidewalk parkingparking 7' 7' park - way walk- way Spring St. to Meigs St. looking east CENTER MULTI-USE AREA 9'7' Multi-use area 18' 18'34'
  70. 70. 2. Center Multi-Use Area
  71. 71. 3. Separated Bike Lanes/Median travel lanetravel lane Spring St. to Meigs St. looking east 66' roadway 100' right-of-way 0' 16'10' 14' sidewalk 16' sidewalk parkingparking 7' 7' park- way walk- way SEPARATED BIKE LANES 9'7' Median 7' bike lane 3' buf- fer 18' 3' buf- fer 7' bike lane 14' 18'
  72. 72. 3. Separated Bike Lanes - parkway/curb
  73. 73. 3. Separated Bike Lanes - striping
  74. 74. 4. Wider Sidewalks travel lanetravel lane Spring St. to Meigs St. looking east 0' 10' 9'20'7' parking 16' park- way parking 7' WIDER SIDEWALKS walk- way 7'20' 40' roadway 28' sidewalk 100' right-of-way 32' sidewalk 7' park- way 7' walk- way 9'7' park- way walk- way park- way walk- way
  75. 75. 4. Wider Sidewalks
  76. 76. Slow traffic/make it easier to cross – long term: • Narrow the roadway Pedestrian Safety – All Districts travel lanetravel lane Spring St. to Meigs St. looking east 0' 10' 9'20'7' parking 16' park- way parking 7' WIDER SIDEWALKS walk- way 7'20' 40' roadway 28' sidewalk 100' right-of-way 32' sidewalk 7' park- way 7' walk- way 9'7' park- way walk- way park- way walk- way travel lanetravel lane Spring St. to Meigs St. looking east 70' roadway 100' right-of-way 0' 16'10' 14' sidewalk 16' sidewalk angled parkingparking 5-7' 5' park- way walk- way EXISTING
  77. 77. Pedestrian Safety – Everywhere Slow traffic/make it easier to cross – short term: • Strip the lanes and curb extensions
  78. 78. Standard crosswalk width and design Pedestrian Safety
  79. 79. Consistent corner ramps Pedestrian Safety
  80. 80. • Countdown “walk/don’t walk” • Maintain corner radii • Adequate crossing time • Eliminate “pork-chop” islands • Curb extensions Pedestrian Safety
  81. 81. • At least one block in all directions • 15 mph • Design flexibility, e.g.: - fluorescent yellow-green signs and striping - stop signs - speed traps Safe Routes to Schools
  82. 82. Sidewalks – Civic & Welcome Existing12 -15+’ width can accommodate: 7’ parkway/tree wells + 8’ walkway (generally) ane parking 9'7'3' buf- 7' bike 18'
  83. 83. Okay to vary where existing conditions constrain it Sidewalks
  84. 84. But new development should stay out of the ROW and provide parkways and street trees Sidewalks
  85. 85. Stormwater infiltration/treatment Sidewalks
  86. 86. Pedestrian Lighting Sidewalks
  87. 87. Roadway Lighting Sidewalks
  88. 88. Bus stop & other furnishings Sidewalks
  89. 89. Sidewalks Adjacent buildings can change the sidewalk
  90. 90. The Future? Striping and trees only
  91. 91. 1. Clear transition from Civic to Residential 2. Slow traffic down 3. Consider parkways in residential area 4. “Trees all the way” 5. Enforcement, e.g., no parking on sidewalk What We Heard – ResidentialMeigsAve.
  92. 92. • Curb extensions that slow cars down, create an neighborhood gateway, & extend street trees Transition/Traffic Calming/Landscape • Speed humps and stop signs
  93. 93. Programming the Public Realm
  94. 94. Programming the Public Realm Activating Court Avenue It starts with your community, Jeffersonville “Be honest, take care of your people, and give to your community.”
  95. 95. Build on Community Strengths Events, Activities, and Programs Image credit: Jeffersonville Main Street
  96. 96. Build on Community Strengths Events, Activities, and Programs Image credit: Jeffersonville Main Street
  97. 97. Build on Community Strengths Events, Activities, and Programs
  98. 98. Build on Community Strengths Events, Activities, and Programs
  99. 99. Activate the Civic Spine Court Avenue “We found that if you make more road space, you get more cars. If you make more bike lanes, you get more bikes. If you make more spaces for people, you get more people and of course then you get more public life.” -Jen Gehl
  100. 100. Block by Block Welcome and Wayfinding Include Upcoming Events + Directions
  101. 101. Block by Block Welcome and Wayfinding Provide ample signage to directpeople to parking, especially in heavily visited areas.
  102. 102. Block by Block Activation Strategies Use the civic and Institutional buildings as wayfinding nodes to help define where you are in downtown Staged, inexpensive interventions can help “make-over” undesirable spaces into cherished community places. Often called “tactical urbanism” these interventions can be temporary or permanent, or set the stage for long-term infrastructure improvements.
  103. 103. Create a Pedestrian Culture Tactical Urbanism Projects Narrow the streets and highlight special intersections
  104. 104. Create a Pedestrian Culture Tactical Urbanism Projects Help people get around on foot, or bike
  105. 105. Create a Pedestrian Culture Tactical Urbanism Projects Downtown Rockford, Illinois
  106. 106. Block by Block Avenue Anchors Institutional and Civic Sites Warder Park Public Library Court House Elementary School Field House
  107. 107. Block Activation Plan Shared Spaces and Connections 6th Street Corner Close the short segment of 6th Street to create a community gathering space
  108. 108. Block Activation Plan Shared Spaces and Connections Warder Park and Carnegie Library Remove the bushes and prune up the trees for visibility of the Carnegie Library and through the park.
  109. 109. Shared Spaces and Connections “Path of Knowledge” Create a painted “yellow brick path” to connect the new elementary school to the public library Block Activation Plan
  110. 110. Community Partnerships Collaborate for Success Jeffersonville Mainstreet Program Arts Center and Public Art Clark County School District Neighborhood Associations City Pride Leadership Southern Indiana Jeffersonville Township Public Library Ogle Foundation
  111. 111. Community Partnerships Programed Events Get the community engaged in Jeff Partner with local businesses to host small events that require minimal set-up. Ideas: Civic Day: City University Game Day in the Park Court on Court Field Day in the Park Sidewalk Salon Botanical Garden History Happy Hour Food Trucks on Court
  112. 112. Complete Street Demo Experiential Learning through Tactical Urbanism
  113. 113. A Guide to Community Conversations Urbanism on Tap (UOT) is an event series where spaces of casual conversation become places of civic education. UOT brings ideas about cities to the local bar, pub, or tavern to raise awareness, and exchange knowledge and experience.
  114. 114. Community Partnerships Court on Court Host a day of basketball on Court Avenue on the block in front of the elementary school and Field House.
  115. 115. Community Partnerships Food Trucks on Court Food trucks and other vendors can activate Court after 5pm during concerts and other scheduled events, particularly if Court Avenue is closed to traffic. Revisit the City ordinance to allow for mobile vendors. Encourage local businesses to put out tents or carts.
  116. 116. Community Partnerships History Happy Hour Open Mic style Show and Tell about Jeffersonville’s History, from historic buildings to historic happenings.
  117. 117. Summing Up
  118. 118. We planned… for the City’s Civic Spine Events: Temporary programming to enliven the public realm for residents and visitors; Paint: New striping and crosswalks, bulb outs, street trees, etc., for safety and beautification; Funding: Apply for support to a healthy corridor redesign, especially to support new school; Infill development: Underutilized and vacant lots can support desirable downtown uses; Market: Economic indicators suggest that a revitalized corridor will further the downtown renaissance and benefit the city at large.
  119. 119. Questions? www.aia.org/liv_sdat Court Avenue Corridor AIA SDAT City of Jeffersonville, IN Strengthening the City’s Civic Spine

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