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Use Case: Supporting Students In ScienceResearch Related to This Challenge:“In the PISA 2006 science literacy assessment, students completed exercises designedto assess their performance in using a range of scientific competencies, grouped anddescribed as ‘competency clusters.’ These clusters— identifying scientific issues,explaining phenomena scientifically, using scientific evidence —describe sets of skillsstudents may use for scientific investigation. PISA 2006 provides scores on threesubscales based on these competency clusters in addition to providing a combinedscience literacy score. • Identifying scientific issues includes recognizing issues that are possible to investigate scientifically; identifying keywords to search for scientific information; and recognizing the key features of a scientific investigation. • Explaining phenomena scientifically covers applying knowledge of science in a given situation; describing or interpreting phenomena scientifically and predicting changes; and identifying appropriate descriptions, explanations, and predictions. • Using scientific evidence includes interpreting scientific evidence and making and communicating conclusions; identifying the assumptions, evidence, and reasoning behind conclusions; and reflecting on the societal implications of science and technological developments.Combined science literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000 with a meanset at 500 and a standard deviation of 100.6. Fifteen-year-old students in the UnitedStates had an average score of 489 on the combined science literacy scale, lower thanthe OECD average score of 500 (tables 2 and C-2). U.S. students scored lower inscience literacy than their peers in 16 of the other 29 OECD jurisdictions and 6 of the 27non- OECD jurisdictions. Twenty-two jurisdictions (5 OECD jurisdictions and 17 non-OECD jurisdictions) reported lower scores than the United States in science literacy.”Baldi, S., Jin, Y., Skemer, M., Green, P.J., and Herget, D. (2007). Highlights From PISA2006: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science and Mathematics Literacy inan International Context (NCES 2008–016). National Center for Education Statistics,Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.11 Baldi, S., Jin, Y., Skemer, M., Green, P.J., and Herget, D. (2007). Highlights From PISA 2006:Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science and Mathematics Literacy in an InternationalContext (NCES 2008–016). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S.Department of Education. Washington, DC Go to www.CollaborizeClassroom.com for more information
Use Case: Supporting Students In ScienceChallenge: Supporting Student Success in Science • Given the 30% reduction in students choosing a college major in STEM courses (science, technology, engineering and math), science teachers need to develop innovative strategies for engaging and interesting students in the various branches of science. • Students are struggling to identify scientific issues, explain phenomena scientifically, and use scientific evidence to reach conclusions (as discussed in research above). • Science teachers have limited time in the classroom to both perform dynamic labs/experiments and have meaningful follow-up collaborative discussions about the results.Proposed Solutions • Use Collaborize Classroom™ as a space for students to conduct follow-up conversations about lab results and discuss the implications and relevance of those results. • Use Collaborize Classroom to allow students to work collaboratively to reach conclusions, address concerns, clarify confusions, make connections, analyze and synthesize results. Go to www.CollaborizeClassroom.com for more information
Use Case: Supporting Students In Science • Post questions online to facilitate focused, high quality discussions. Students could then use those conversations and the information gleaned to write more insightful, dynamic lab reports, which demonstrate their thorough understanding of the lab/experiment and the implications of its outcome(s). • Post questions online that require students to make real world connections and discuss possible applications on a larger scale given their findings. These extension questions would make the material more meaningful for students.2Expected Results • These conversations would facilitate a deeper comprehension of the scientific principles at work, provide the necessary follow-up to engage and interest students, as well as produce a tangible outcome that could be discussed in class. • Students would be more engaged in the process of performing the lab/ experiment because they would be held accountable for their findings in the online forum. • Students struggling with particular labs/experiences/scientific principles would have a supportive venue in which to have their questions and concerns addressed by their peers. • Lab work would truly become a collaborative team building experience for students, positively impacting the classroom community and culture.2Wheaton Shorr, Pamela. "The Science Crisis". Scholastic. April 10, 2010 <http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=7153>. Go to www.CollaborizeClassroom.com for more information