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PRESENTAZIONE GIUSEPPE PADULA

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Docente all'università di Bologna, direttore di Industrie 4.0

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PRESENTAZIONE GIUSEPPE PADULA

  1. 1. Le iniziative di sostegno al Digital Manufacturing in Italia e nell’Unione Europea Giuseppe Padula, MSc, MBA Scuola di Ingegneria ed Architettura - Unibo Advanced Design & Technology Manager
  2. 2. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 From Industry 3.0 MANUFACTURING DISTRIBUTIONSUPPLIER SUPPLIER MARKET THE MAIN ISSUE FOR R&D IS: ARE WE ABLE TO TECHNICALLY SATISFY THE PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS COMING FROM THE CUSTOMER? WE KNOW-HOW: DOMINANCE OF PRODUCT-CENTRIC MODEL B2B VISIBILITY
  3. 3. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 MANUFACTURING DISTRIBUTIONSUPPLIER SUPPLIER MARKET WE KNOW-WHY: EMERGING OF SERVICE-CENTRIC MODEL FROM B2B TO B2C VISIBILITY DATA THE MAIN ISSUE FOR R&D IS: ARE WE ABLE TO UNDERSTAND AND INTERACT WITH OUR CUSTOMER’S VALUE CHAIN? FROM BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TO DATA ANALYTICS to Industry 4.0
  4. 4. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Smart Production, Joerg Ellerkmann 15.09.2017 The digital transformation at TRUMPF 3 Digital ambition as starting point for digital priorities and enablers ENABLERS – DEVELOPMENT OF A DIGITAL FOUNDATION DIGITAL AMBITION Internal digital transformation Smart Factory solutions for new business fields (AXOOM) Smart Factory solutions for TRUMPF machines/lasers (TruConnect) Disruptive business models Providers New digital offerings Users Digital business processes StructuresAnalyticsArchitecture CompetenciesPartnersData Mindset / workstyle Case Study: Trumpf
  5. 5. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Case Study: MindSphere Siemens
  6. 6. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Il panorama globale The background to Plattform Industrie 4 How can Germany become the leading factory equipment supplier for Industrie 4.0? How can Germany further improve its competitiveness as a production location through Industrie 4.0? What role can Germany play in setting standards and how can Industrie 4.0 benefit people in the world of work? Plattform Industrie 4.0 aims to find answers to these questions through dialogue. Together, companies and their employees, trade unions, associations, science and politics want to make a big impact. The Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) will enable and accelerate adoption of the Industrial Internet which is essential to growth and competitiveness in key industry sectors, including: manufacturing, transportation, energy, healthcare, buildings, utility infrastructure, defense, and emergency response.
  7. 7. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Il panorama globale The term ‘Industrie 4.0’ was for the first time mentioned at Hannover Messe of 2011. The structure of the platform The platform is steered and led by the federal minister for economic affairs and energy, Brigitte Zypries, the federal minister of education and research, Prof. Johanna Wanka, and high-ranking representatives from industry, science and the trade unions. Experts from business, science, associations and the trade unions develop operational solutions together with representatives from various federal ministries in thematic working groups.
  8. 8. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Il panorama globale As the premier digital industrial company, GE coined the term Industrial Internet in late 2012. It estimates the Industrial Internet could be a $225 billion market by 2020, and has made significant investments in the Industrial Internet. It created GE Digital, its software business dedicated to making digital the core foundation of GE's operations. GE is one of the companies that founded the Industrial Internet Consortium to accelerate the development, adoption, and widespread use of interconnected machines and devices, intelligent analytics, and people at work.
  9. 9. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Il panorama globale Representatives of Plattform Industrie 4.0 and the Industrial Internet Consortium met in Zurich, Switzerland to explore the potential alignment of their two architecture efforts - respectively, the Reference Architecture Model for Industrie 4.0 (RAMI4.0) and the Industrial Internet Reference Architecture (IIRA). The meeting was a success, with a common recognition of the complementary nature of the two models
  10. 10. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Il panorama globale We began looking at the technical issues. With RAMI 4.0, Industrie 4.0 focuses on manufacturing in depth; IIRA crosses multiple application domains. Industry as a whole needs to be able to work across domains; manufactured goods are one of those domains. As a concrete example, an automobile containing multiple manufactured components needs to work together as a single unit (all manufacturing so far). But when it’s parked at home charging its batteries overnight, it needs to be able to connect to the smart grid. Clearly, these domains must interoperate.
  11. 11. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Led by Commissioner Oettinger, in April 2016 the European Commission has published its communication on “Digitising European Industry – Reaping the full benefits of a Digital Single Market ” 1. The overall objective of this European strategy for digitising industry is to ensure that any industry in Europe, big or small, wherever situated and in any sector can fully benefit from digital innovations to upgrade its products, improve its processes and adapt its business models to the digital change. This requires not only a dynamic digital sector in Europe but also the full integration of digital innovations across all sectors of the economy. The DEI strategy is based on an ambitious collective effort involving public and private stakeholders across Europe at regional, national and EU level. La Commissione Europea
  12. 12. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Italia Industria 4.0 investe tutti gli aspetti del ciclo di vita delle imprese che vogliono acquisire competitività, offrendo un supporto negli investimenti, nella digitalizzazione dei processi produttivi, nella valorizzazione della produttività dei lavoratori, nella formazione di competenze adeguate e nello sviluppo di nuovi prodotti e processi. >10 Mld € incremento investimenti privati da 80 a 90+ Mld € nel 2017-2018 +11,3 Mld € di spesa privata in R&S&I con maggiore focus su tecnologie I4.0 nel periodo 2017-2020 +2,6 Mld € volume investimenti privati early stage mobilitati nel periodo 2017 – 2020 100% delle aziende italiane connesse a 30Mbps entro il 2020 50% delle aziende italiane connesse a 100Mbps entro il 2020 6 consorzi in ambito standard IoT presidiati in aggiunta ai tavoli istituzionali a partire dal 2017 200.000 studenti universitari e 3.000manager specializzati su temi I4.0 +100% studenti iscritti ad Istituti Tecnici Superiori su temi I4.0 ~1.400 dottorati di ricerca con focus su I4.0 Competence Center nazionali +1 Mld € Riforma e rifinanziamento del Fondo di Garanzia +1 Mld € Contratti di sviluppo focalizzati su investimenti I4.0 +0,1 Mld € Forte investimento su catene digitali di vendita (Piano Made in Italy) Scambio salario – produttività Gli obiettivi 2017-2020 6
  13. 13. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Investimenti fissi lordi: andamento ordinativi interni Misure di riferimento: Iperammortamento, Superammortamento e Nuova Sabatini INVESTIMENTI INNOVATIVI Var% gen-giu ‘17 vs ‘16 ~ 80 Mld € (100%) Macchinari ed altri apparecchi Riparazione, manutenzione ed installazione macchine Apparecchiature elettriche ed elettroniche n.a. Principali categorie in analisi Restanti categorie + 6,1% 2 35% 10% 18% 37% + 11,6% + 10,7% 1. Investimenti Fissi Lordi al netto di mezzi di trasporto; 2. Include codici ATECO 261 e 27; 3. Media ponderata al netto delle Riparazioni, manutenzioni e installazioni Fonte: Elaborazioni MISE su stime preliminari ISTAT Inv. Fissi Lordi 1 7 + 9,0%Totale3 Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  14. 14. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Sintesi risultati 1° semestre 2017 Incremento ordinativi mercato interno beni strumentali con picchi del +11,6% per macchinari e altri apparecchi. Aspettative su ordinativi ai massimi livelli dal 2010 Dati positivi sia su numero di imprese che aumenteranno spesa in Ricerca&Sviluppo sia su percentuale di crescita della spesa (da indagine campionaria +10%/+15%) Crescita contenuta investimenti early stage nel primo semestre (+2%), definite azioni correttive Ritardi nella costituzione dei Competence Center: attesa apertura bando entro fine 2017 Banda Ultra Larga: stanziati interventi pubblici pari a 3,5 Mld € per infrastrutture e per incentivi alla domanda di famiglie e imprese al fine di raggiungere gli obiettivi di copertura al 2020 Fondo di Garanzia: +10,7 % importo garantito nei primi 8 mesi 2017 Contratti di Sviluppo: concesse agevolazioni per ~1,9 Mld € e creati/salvaguardati più di 53.000 posti di lavoro 17 Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  15. 15. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Digitising European Industry initiative Broadly disseminate digital innovations for all: Setting up a pan-European network of Digital Innovation Hubs Strengthen competitiveness by developing partnerships and platforms A regulatory framework adapted to the digitisation of industry Data: flow, access, exploitation safety, responsibility (liability) Prepare Europeans for the digital age Training, education, new work environment Standardisation A framework for the coordination of national and European initiatives HPC/cloud 2 Commissione Europea - I4MS
  16. 16. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 European platform of National Initiatives on Digitising Industry (Rome, 2017) • Coherence, collective steer, co-ordination • Monitoring actions at all levels: EU, MSs, regional and industrial • Diffusion of Best Practices • Pool investments The platform: our added value at EU level To reinforce the EU's competitiveness in digital technologies and to ensure that any industry in Europe – big or small, wherever situated, whatever sector – can fully benefit from digital innovations to upgrade its products, improve its processes and adapt its business models to the digital transition. 3 Commissione Europea - I4MS
  17. 17. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Level of digitisation differs according to size of company, sector and region 56% of companies in computer programming, consultancy and information services are highly digitised. Only around 6% of companies in basic metals & fabricated metal products excluding machines & equipment are highly digitised. 42% of large companies is highly digitised in the EU vs 16% of SMEs53% of Danish companies are highly digitised vs 8% in Bulgaria and Romania Spain 4 Commissione Europea - I4MS Italy Germany
  18. 18. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Level of digitisation differs according to size of company, sector and region 56% of companies in computer programming, consultancy and information services are highly digitised. Only around 6% of companies in basic metals & fabricated metal products excluding machines & equipment are highly digitised. 42% of large companies is highly digitised in the EU vs 16% of SMEs53% of Danish companies are highly digitised vs 8% in Bulgaria and Romania Spain 4 Commissione Europea - I4MS conomic sectors is progressing at different speeds, wn specific needs and starting points. f Digital Technology 5 he different m telecoms puters) that ectors of the ors such as es, cultural &television, de are also ariability in U countries s of higher king only at l marginal mmunication uring in FI; e in SI; Real Estate n BE, Travel 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% beverages, food and tobacco textiles, wearing apparel, leather wood, paper; publishing and printing coke, petroleum, chemical, plastics basic metals & fabricated metal products computer, electronic and optical products electrical equipment, machinery motor vehicles, other transport equipment furniture and other manufacturing Utilities (Electricity, gas, water, waste) Construction Trade of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale trade Retail trade Transport and storage Accommodation Publishing, films & television, music,… Telecommunications Computer programming, information… Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical… Administrative support Travel agency, tour operator Repair of computers and communication… Percentage of EU enterprises with high (>6) Digital Intensity Index across economic sectors (2016) Manufacturing Sub-sectors CT usage and e-commerce in enterprises
  19. 19. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Digital Innovation Hubs: Towards organic Growth "Ensure that every business in Europe, whatever its sector of activity, wherever located and whatever its size, can take full advantage of digital innovations and competences" Member States & regions: build-up/strengthening of national and regional structures of DIHs Commission: • Set up a pan-EU network of DIHs • Support activities such as cross-border experiments, catalogue and assistance in the creation of hubs ➢ particular attention to SMEs ➢ Ensure companies can access advanced technologies and enhance their digital competences ➢ €100 million per year (EU) of support to the hubs and 10 times more from the Member States and regions 5 Commissione Europea - I4MS
  20. 20. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 What is a Digital Innovation Hub? 6 one-stop-shop Services to help companies with digital transformation multi-partner cooperation specialist expertise infrastructure brokering/ matchmaking awareness creation innovation scouting digital maturity assessment visioning and strategy development mentoring training Access to Finance investor readiness services Digital Innovation Hub Competence Centre Digital Skills Digital Transformation Experiments Working Group report on DIHs: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/content/report-wg1-digital-innovation- hubs-mainstreaming-digital-innovation-across-all-sectors-final ➢ Provide support to existing industry to manage their digital transformation ➢ Competence Centres are at the core of DIHs (ecosystem approach) ➢ Variable geometries: technology applications, sector, SME focus etc. ➢ Provides opportunities for both ICT users and ICT suppliers experimentation and testing pilot factories Fab-labs coaching fabrication of new products Commissione Europea - I4MS
  21. 21. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Digital Innovation Hubs Catalogue Interactive map https://drive.google.com/open?id=1NcRnG0H38PlOyuj- oPZ_BjiJLcQ&usp=sharing Working Group report on DIHs: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/content/report-wg1-digital-innovation-hubs- mainstreaming-digital-innovation-across-all-sectors-final ➢ 180+ operational DIHs ➢ 90+DIHs in preparation ➢ 180+ candidate DIHs 10 Commissione Europea - I4MS
  22. 22. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 DRAFT European Network of DIHs- filling the white spots ➢ 29 DIHs coached so far – 14 EU countries ➢ 1.45M€ (up to 50k per participant) in I4MS for most promising regional competence centres for developing their case for becoming a DIH ➢ Coordination: I4MS Growth and XS2I4MS ➢ 18 coached hubs participated in the latest I4MS call, 8 successfully ➢ Smart Factories in Central and Eastern Europe (EU13) ➢ 1.8M€ from the European Parliament to support the implementation of DIHs in the selected countries and regions where the divergence in uptake and adoption of digital technologies has been so far limited ➢ Call open until 22 October – https://ec.europa.eu/eusurvey/runner/ApplicationForm ➢ Final selection of 30 DIHs by early December ➢ Coordination: PWC and Oxford University Innovation http://dih.i4ms.eu/ https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/implementing-digitising- european-industry-actions/digital-innovation-hubs-smart-factories- new-eu Finished Ongoing Future actions ± 8M€ for widening the SAE and I4MS networks towards industrial regions which are so far underrepresented (WP18-20) Tentative opening call date: 16 Oct. 2018 deadline: 2 April 2019 13 Commissione Europea - I4MS
  23. 23. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 WP 2018 – 2020 - ICT • Focus area "Digitising and transforming European industry and services" calls for digital innovation hubs (for 300 M€) o DT-ICT-01-2019: Smart Anything Everywhere (SAE) Initiative, with the "widening" part for industrial regions that are currently underrepresented in I4MS and SAE o DT-ICT-02-2018: Robotics – Digital Innovation Hubs o DT-ICT-03-2020: I4MS (phase 4) - uptake of digital game changers and digital manufacturing platforms o DT-ICT-04-2020: Photonics Innovation Hubs o DT-ICT-05-2020: Big Data Innovation Hubs 14 Disclaimer: Preliminary information, workprogramme has not been approved yet Commissione Europea - I4MS
  24. 24. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 WP 2018 – 2020 - ICT • Focus area "Digitising and transforming European industry and services" calls for digital innovation hubs (for 300 M€) o Innovation actions with the following characteristics: - Consortia should be deeply rooted in regional/national DIH - Critical mass of highly innovative, cross border experiments. At least 50% of the budget should directly benefit SMEs or slightly bigger companies. - Activities should aim at long-term sustainability and include a business plan for the DIHs, a plan to attract investors, to address training and skills development needs and dissemination. Established networks reaching out to SMEs like the Enterprise Europe Network and the NCP network should be used. - Selected projects are expected to collaborate on building a network of Digital Innovation Hubs, covering most regions in Europe. 15 Disclaimer: Preliminary information, workprogramme has not been approved yet Commissione Europea - I4MS
  25. 25. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Boosting Europe's digital innovation capacity: Investments and sources of financing Bring together sources of financing and mobilise a critical mass of investment from other public, national and private actors by leveraging European R & I investment Under mandate (2018-2020): 3.5bn € in R&I (Horizon 2020) of which: • 1bn € for platforms, pilot projects, pilot lines and test beds • 300Mn € for DIHs (50 to 70% directly allocated to SMEs and mid-caps for their own experimentation) • Remainder: PPPs, ECSEL,… EU Investments EU: 5,5bn € (2016-2020) Regions Member States Industry A total investment of at least 50bn € 21 Commissione Europea - I4MS
  26. 26. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Commissione Europea - I4MS Supporting the innovation chain with services September 29, 2017 Business models for innovation hubs 4 Research & development Technical support on scale-up Testing & validation Incubator/accelerator Access to finance Skills, training, education
  27. 27. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Commissione Europea - I4MS September 29, 2017 Business models for innovation hubs 5 Services to support innovation Research & development Tech. support scale-up Testing & validation Incubator/accelerator Access to finance Skills & training
  28. 28. FABERLAB - Viale Europa 4/A 21049 Tradate (VA)
 Tel. 0332 256481 Email: info@faberlab.org Grazie per l’attenzione giuseppe.padula4@unibo.it
  29. 29. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 8 Investimenti fissi lordi: tendenze ordini agosto 2017 Indagine clima di fiducia imprese manifatturiere Macchinari ed altri apparecchi Apparecchiature elettriche ed elettroniche Saldo risposte positive vs negative Saldo risposte positive vs negative Nei primi 8 mesi del 2017 le aspettative sugli ordinativi sono ai massimi livelli dal 2010 8Fonte: Elaborazioni MISE su dati ISTAT INVESTIMENTI INNOVATIVI Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  30. 30. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 9 Fatturato interno macchinari e apparecchi elettrici Gen 2016=100 Gen 2016=100 Italia Germania Fonte: Analisi Cabina di Regia Industria 4.0 su dati Eurostat 9 INVESTIMENTI INNOVATIVI Macchinari ed altri apparecchi Apparecchiature elettriche ed elettroniche Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  31. 31. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Spesa in Ricerca Sviluppo e Innovazione delle imprese Misure di riferimento: Credito di imposta R&S&I e Patent Box 2.800 Fonte: Indagine Unioncamere-Infocamere Agosto 2017 su campione di 68.000 imprese - 2.000 4.000 6.000 8.000 10.000 12.000 In dimuzione Costante In aumento Molto utile Utile Inutile Legenda: Quanto ritiene utile la misura del Credito di Imposta Ricerca Sviluppo e Innovazione? Di cui 4.500 imprese che nel 2016 non spendevano in R&S&I # imprese Andamento spesa in R&S&I 2017 vs 2016: 24 mila impresa su 68 mila intervistate spendono in R&S&I, di queste 11,3 mila in aumento 9.700 11.300 ~ 80% delle imprese che spendono in R&S&I ritiene la misura Molto utile / Utile Poco utile 10 INVESTIMENTI INNOVATIVI Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  32. 32. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 12 Investimenti early stage Misure di riferimento: Incentivi agli investimenti in capitale di rischio, Cessione perdite startup a società sponsor, Equity crowdfunding, Start-up Visa Fonte: Analisi MISE su dati Bureau van Dijk Agosto 2017; CDP • Crescita positiva ma sotto le attese • Autorizzato dalla Commissione Europea potenziamento incentivi su investimenti in equity di start-up innovative • De-finanziamento delle misure che non hanno funzionato Andamento investimenti early stage 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1° sem 2016 1° sem 2017 Mln € 69,368,0 +2% Venture Capital Business Angel Iniziative CDP a supporto Piattaforma per catalizzare la commercializzazione e l’industrializzazione di idee ed invenzioni ad alto contenuto tecnologico Tech Growth: nuovo fondo di investimento dedicato ad investimenti in iniziative high tech e innovative nel segmento del later stage venture capital FoF VC principale finanziatore di fondi di venture capital esistenti e di nuova costituzione Programma di investimento a supporto di idee innovative e start-up in fase di incubazione/accelerazione AccelerateIT 12 INVESTIMENTI INNOVATIVI Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  33. 33. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 14 Fondo di Garanzia STRUMENTI PUBBLICI DI SUPPORTO Totale finanziato Totale garantito 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 11,0 gen-ago 2016 gen-ago 2017 9,6 10,5 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 11,0 gen-ago 2016 gen-ago 2017 +8,9% Mld € Mld € 6,7 7,4 Fonte: MISE +10,7% 14 Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  34. 34. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Network nazionale Impresa 4.0 COMPETENZE Punti Impresa Digitale Innovation Hub Competence Center Diffusione locale della conoscenza di base sulle tecnologie in ambito Industria 4.0 Formazione avanzata su tecnologie e soluzioni specifiche per i settori di competenza Coordinamento strutture di trasformazione digitale e di trasferimento tecnologico Alta formazione e sviluppo progetti di ricerca industriale e sviluppo sperimentale Competence Center nazionali Ritardi nell’approvazione del DM. L’apertura del Bando è prevista entro fine 2017 16 Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  35. 35. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 29 Lavoro 4.0: incentivo alla formazione per proteggere e rafforzare l’occupazione Criterio 1: Spesa in formazione incrementale Spesa media 2018- 2020 201720162015 Criterio 2: Credito di imposta su formazione 4.0 Spesa incrementale Il credito di imposta si applica solo alle spese relative ai costi del personale che ha sostenuto corsi di formazione sulle seguenti tematiche con focus su almeno 1 tecnologia Industria 4.0 e pattuiti attraverso accordi sindacali: • Vendita e marketing • Informatica • Tecniche e tecnologie di produzione Fonte: Cabina di Regia Industria 4.0 29 COMPETENZE Industria 4.0 - I risultati
  36. 36. Giuseppe Padula - Università di Bologna 2017 Commissione Europea - I4MS What are the main services 21-9-2017 XS2I42MS Final Event 7 Average: 6.3 services Minimum: 1 service (3) Maximum: 15 services (2) 28 hubs Other: IPR, Legal/fiscal support, demonstrator

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