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Ghana Priorities: Urban Transportation

Ghana Priorities: Urban Transportation

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Ghana Priorities: Urban Transportation

  1. 1. Improving Transportation in Ghana Limestone Analytics Bahman Kashi, Sarah Carello, Mike Nkansah
  2. 2. Improving Urban Mobility in Accra
  3. 3. Cost of Congestion • Accra has a growing urban population and increasing levels of motorization • If commuters get caught in traffic, they can often expect hours of delays • The congestion in Accra forces commuters to leave home hours before they start work • If a project can increase traffic speed by 10% on arterial roads, it would save 2,207,587 hours. When valued with the average urban wage this leads to 3,351,054 USD in savings in one year.
  4. 4. Improving Urban Mobility Possible ways of improving mobility and reducing congestion in Accra include: • Improved public transit • Upgrading tro-tro system • Improving law enforcement • Redesign major crossings • Legalising okada taxis These options could reduce time cost, vehicle operation cost, and improve safety for road users. This analysis focused on improving public transport due to the availability of data.
  5. 5. Bus Rapid Transit • Costs included: • Infrastructure and Institutional strengthening • Operational costs • Benefits • Time Saving • Reduced carbon emissions • Not included due to limited data • Reduced vehicle operation costs • Increased road safety
  6. 6. Analysis
  7. 7. BCR Discount rate 5% 8% 14% Benefits (USD) 593,883,852 318,153,413 114,164,630 Costs (USD) 283,055,362 213,177,850 142,891,826 BCR 2.10 1.49 0.8
  8. 8. Volta River Ferries
  9. 9. Transport on Volta Lake This project would: ● Create a multi-modal corridor for cargo to travel from Tema Port to Northern Ghana and the landlocked countries to the North. ● Make higher quality and more reliable passenger ferries available to communities around the lake.
  10. 10. Map of Multimodal Corridor
  11. 11. Intervention • Costs: • Investment in landing stages and facilities around Volta Lake, new or upgraded ferries for passenger transport, new cargo ships for North South transport of Cargo • Operational costs • Value of increased transport time • Increase in carbon emissions • Handling costs • Benefits • Avoided transport cost • Reduced carbon emissions • Reduced road maintenance • Reduced informal service cost
  12. 12. Costs and Benefits
  13. 13. BCR Discount rate 5% 8% 14% Benefits (USD) 1,555,129,974 1,049,933,510 535,767,056 Costs (USD) 1,161,195,157 851,680,520 531,210,153 BCR 1.34 1.23 1.01
  14. 14. SUMMARY BCR TABLE INTERVENTION BENEFITS COSTS BCR BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM 318,153,413 213,177,850 1.49 VOLTA RIVER FERRIES 1,049,933,510 851,680,520 1.23

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