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The term is used to designate areas in which companies are taxed very lightly or not at all in order to encourage economic activity.
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Free Economic Zones or Free Zones are a class of Special Economic Zone designated by the
trade and commerce administrations of various countries. The term is used to designate areas
in which companies are taxed very lightly or not at all in order to encourage economic activity.
The taxation rules are determined by each country. The World Trade Organization Agreement
on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures has content on the conditions and benefits of free
In simpler terms, a Free Economic Zone is a specially designated Economic Zone intended to
encourage foreign investment by improving the living and management environment for foreign-
invested firms and by implementing deregulation to increase enterprise activities and provide
investment incentives. The Governments of such countries having these zones, provide a
variety of tax benefits for foreign-invested and foreigners, as well as ease of regulatory
measures, a favorable living environment and swift administrative services. In many zones, the
authorities act as a one stop shop, cutting related red tape and simplifying administrative
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Bulgaria, India, Egypt and Italy have a number of Free Zones for varied types of companies. All
seven Emirates already have, or are developing, such economic zones. These are highly
lucrative for the companies aiming to set-up business with minimum formalities and at minimum
These provide a number of benefits highly beneficial to the firm which establishes it at these
The advantages and benefits make it an extremely important tool available to the firm. Some of
these advantages are-
1) IMPORT, EXPORT AND PERSONAL TAX EXEMPTIONS.
Probably the most important benefit is the tax exemption to the firm setting up business, which
is either very low or isn’t collected at all. Such nominal charges make it exceedingly important
and valuable to the firm which is establishing itself anew in the market.
2) REPATRIATION OF CAPITAL AND PROFITS.
The conversion of a foreign currency back to the currency of the home country is referred to as
repatriation. Free Zones allow the firms to convert the capital and profits earned by them freely
to the currency of their own country and allow the transfer of such funds without any restriction.
3) NO CORPORATE TAXES FOR 15 YEARS.
In many countries, like the UAE, the firms don’t have to pay any corporate taxes for a period of
15 years after the establishment. This is renewable for an additional 15 years after the period of
expiry. Cost saving benefits, as mentioned before, are in essence important when setting up the
4) PROPER UTILIZATION OF THE SAVED FUNDS.
Meanwhile the company or firm will be saving a large share of their money in by saving the
taxes; they can utilize the funds in necessary and more important processes. This basically
results in the development of the firm and the increase in the quality as well as quantity of the
service or goods provided by them.
5) LESS DOCUMENTATION, MOSTLY IN ENGLISH.
Since this process is essentially to allow the set-up of maximum firms to establish their business
in the country, the highest amount of convenience is provided to the said firms. This also
includes the minimum documentation which is also in not the native language but mostly in
English, which helps in establishing one universal language for such dealings.
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6) ASSISTANCE WITH LABOUR RECRUITMENT.
As mentioned in the point above, these Free Zones assist in various tasks while setting up the
business. Since the business will generate employment and help boost the economy, the labour
is freely available and more often than not, it is of the best quality and best knowledge of the
location since they are, after all, locals and not new to the place.
7) ADDITIONAL SUPPORT SERVICES SUCH AS SPONSORSHIP AND HOUSING.
In keeping with the concept of amenities provided by the Free Zones, they also help in offering
the extra but highly necessary ancillary services like sponsorship and housing. Though these
services are not exactly productive, they are important in the working of the business.
At Crossprof, we help you connect with the Free Zone suitable to your need. The professionals
with us are experts in their fields and thus are the best to go for advice when setting up a
business. These professionals help the firms that are looking for a Free Zone to start their
business, in finding one with good amenities, minimum expenses and least taxes. The
professionals here are members and hence all their details are cross-checked making sure that
they are trust-worthy and well versed at their job.