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Technology, Data and Computation
daniel martin katz
blog | ComputationalLegalStudies.com
corp | LexPredict.com
page | Dani...
application of tools/ideas from
computer science and/or
computational science
would be potentially
fruitful in the law
So We StartedThis ...
March 17, 2009
ComputationalLegalStudies.com
computation
is not just about
machines
humans are engaging
in computation
thus there are …
three ways to do
computation …
http://computationallegalstudies.com/2015/09/the-three-forms-of-legal-prediction-
experts-crowds-and-algorithms-professors...
three ways to do
computation …
experts, crowds, algorithms
the world is moving ….
from
experts
alone
from
experts
alone
(ensembles thereof)
from
experts
alone
experts,
crowds,
algorithms
Computational Law
data driven AI rules based AI
Competing Orientations in
Artificial Intelligence
data driven AI rules based AI
Competing Orientations in
Artificial Intelligence + Law
expert
systems
Computational Law
Data Driven Rules Based
prediction
models
and
methods
network
analytic
methods
natural
la...
How Ideas in Computational Law
is helping support
new legal infrastructures
lex mercatoria (merchant law)
“The medieval lex mercatoria was the product of
customs and practices among traders, and cou...
existing legal order did not
work for merchants
for medieval commerce required
merchant law
offered a useful innovation
in support of (long distance)commerce
there is a modern version of
lex mercatoria
online lex mercatoria (merchant law)
online commerce requires
low friction method
for resolving disputes
secure
payment
online commerce requires
low friction method
for resolving disputes
secure
payment
How Ideas in Computational Law
are helping reduce
complexity through user interface
(as well as rules and data)
I would like to share one tool
developed at
IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law
https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/institutes-centers...
IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law
has significant work in furtherance
of access to justice
https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/instit...
used by a variety of
legal aid organizations
both in U.S. and abroad …
https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/institutes-centers/cent...
you can think about this
as a sort of ‘turbotax-ifcation’
of legal rules/forms/processes
https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/insti...
What is A2J Author?
An online tool
from Chicago-Kent &
CALI to build
graphical interfaces
for low-income,
self-represented...
A2J Author Gathers Data
Authoring tool in the Cloud End User A2J Guided Interview
“Learn  More”  bubbles,  definition  pop-ups, audio, graphic and video capabilities.
A2J Author “just  in  time”  Learning
Connects to National Server - LawHelpInteractive.org
Completed Documents Delivered to Local Computer
Uses for A2J Author
Document
Assembly
Online Intake
Benefits
EligibilityScreen
&Calculators
E-FilingTriage
Stand-Alone
Inf...
2,524,639
1,529,205
A2J Guided Interviews
A2J Author 5.0-
Cloud app &
Mobile viewer!
Goal for Version 6.0 of A2J Author
we want to reinvent delivery of
legal services using mobile
How Ideas in Computational Law
are helping reduce
complexity using visualization
3D HDVisualization of Supreme Court Citation Network
Campaign Contributions and
Legislative Ecosystems
The United States C...
© daniel martin katz michael j bommarito
Wearable LawEmbedded Law
Internet of Legal Things
Longer Term Ideas
Wearable LawEmbedded Law
http://www.openlawlab.com/2013/05/14/legal-jacket-concept/
Longer Term Ideas
Wearable LawEmbedded Law
How Ideas in Computational Law
are helping support
lower friction / higher trust
transactions
we are starting a
decade(s) long process of
overhauling the
global financial infrastructure
(also the trust architecture)
it is a massive friction
reduction exercise
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
but blockchain is important
bitcoin is probably not that important
How Ideas in Computational Law
are helping litigants
predict legal outcomes
Quantitative Legal Prediction
- or -
How I Learned to Stop Worrying and
Start Preparing for the Data Driven
Future of the ...
Predicting Judicial Decision Making
experts
crowds
Black
Reed
Frankfurter
Douglas
Jackson
Burton
Clark
Minton
Warren
Harlan
Brennan
Whittaker
Stewart
White
Goldberg
Fortas
M...
humans
+
machines
humans
or
machines
>
question is how to assemble such
streams for particular problems
law is a field dominated by
individual human experts
in most fields - significant quality
improvements have been made by
moving from experts to ensembles
in part computational law
is about helping build those ensembles
using experts, crowds, algorithms
Implications for
Predicting Judicial Behavior
Implications for the Rule of Law
Variations from the Predictable
Anomaly Detection
Flag of Potential Corruption, etc.
expert
systems
Computational Law
Data Driven Rules Based
prediction
models
and
methods
network
analytic
methods
natural
la...
A Few Plugs:
we would welcome your submissions
we would welcome your submissions
thelawlab.com
LexPredict.com
ComputationalLegalStudies.com
BLOG
@ computational
Daniel Martin Katz
@ computational
computationallegalstudies.com
lexpredict.com
danielmartinkatz.com
illinois tech - chica...
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week
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Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week

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Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week

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Technology, Data and Computation Session @ The World Bank - Law, Justice, and Development Week

  1. 1. Technology, Data and Computation daniel martin katz blog | ComputationalLegalStudies.com corp | LexPredict.com page | DanielMartinKatz.com edu | illinois tech - chicago kent college of law Law, Justice, and Development Week 2015
  2. 2. application of tools/ideas from computer science and/or computational science would be potentially fruitful in the law
  3. 3. So We StartedThis ... March 17, 2009
  4. 4. ComputationalLegalStudies.com
  5. 5. computation
  6. 6. is not just about machines
  7. 7. humans are engaging in computation
  8. 8. thus there are …
  9. 9. three ways to do computation …
  10. 10. http://computationallegalstudies.com/2015/09/the-three-forms-of-legal-prediction- experts-crowds-and-algorithms-professors-daniel-martin-katz-michael-j-bommarito/ i expand on this idea here
  11. 11. three ways to do computation … experts, crowds, algorithms
  12. 12. the world is moving ….
  13. 13. from experts alone
  14. 14. from experts alone
  15. 15. (ensembles thereof) from experts alone experts, crowds, algorithms
  16. 16. Computational Law
  17. 17. data driven AI rules based AI Competing Orientations in Artificial Intelligence
  18. 18. data driven AI rules based AI Competing Orientations in Artificial Intelligence + Law
  19. 19. expert systems Computational Law Data Driven Rules Based prediction models and methods network analytic methods natural language processing self executing law visual law computable codes
  20. 20. How Ideas in Computational Law is helping support new legal infrastructures
  21. 21. lex mercatoria (merchant law) “The medieval lex mercatoria was the product of customs and practices among traders, and could be enforced through the local courts. However, the merchants needed to solve their disputes rapidly, sometimes on the hour, with the least costs and by the most efficient means. Public courts did not provide this. A trial before the courts would delay their business, and that meant losing money. The lex mercatoria provided quick and effective justice.
  22. 22. existing legal order did not work for merchants for medieval commerce required
  23. 23. merchant law offered a useful innovation in support of (long distance)commerce
  24. 24. there is a modern version of lex mercatoria
  25. 25. online lex mercatoria (merchant law)
  26. 26. online commerce requires low friction method for resolving disputes secure payment
  27. 27. online commerce requires low friction method for resolving disputes secure payment
  28. 28. How Ideas in Computational Law are helping reduce complexity through user interface (as well as rules and data)
  29. 29. I would like to share one tool developed at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/institutes-centers/center-for-access-to-justice-and-technology
  30. 30. IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law has significant work in furtherance of access to justice https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/institutes-centers/center-for-access-to-justice-and-technology
  31. 31. used by a variety of legal aid organizations both in U.S. and abroad … https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/institutes-centers/center-for-access-to-justice-and-technology
  32. 32. you can think about this as a sort of ‘turbotax-ifcation’ of legal rules/forms/processes https://www.kentlaw.iit.edu/institutes-centers/center-for-access-to-justice-and-technology
  33. 33. What is A2J Author? An online tool from Chicago-Kent & CALI to build graphical interfaces for low-income, self-represented individuals.
  34. 34. A2J Author Gathers Data Authoring tool in the Cloud End User A2J Guided Interview
  35. 35. “Learn  More”  bubbles,  definition  pop-ups, audio, graphic and video capabilities. A2J Author “just  in  time”  Learning
  36. 36. Connects to National Server - LawHelpInteractive.org
  37. 37. Completed Documents Delivered to Local Computer
  38. 38. Uses for A2J Author Document Assembly Online Intake Benefits EligibilityScreen &Calculators E-FilingTriage Stand-Alone Info Guides
  39. 39. 2,524,639 1,529,205 A2J Guided Interviews
  40. 40. A2J Author 5.0- Cloud app & Mobile viewer!
  41. 41. Goal for Version 6.0 of A2J Author we want to reinvent delivery of legal services using mobile
  42. 42. How Ideas in Computational Law are helping reduce complexity using visualization
  43. 43. 3D HDVisualization of Supreme Court Citation Network Campaign Contributions and Legislative Ecosystems The United States Code American Federal Judiciary
  44. 44. © daniel martin katz michael j bommarito
  45. 45. Wearable LawEmbedded Law Internet of Legal Things
  46. 46. Longer Term Ideas Wearable LawEmbedded Law
  47. 47. http://www.openlawlab.com/2013/05/14/legal-jacket-concept/ Longer Term Ideas Wearable LawEmbedded Law
  48. 48. How Ideas in Computational Law are helping support lower friction / higher trust transactions
  49. 49. we are starting a decade(s) long process of overhauling the global financial infrastructure (also the trust architecture)
  50. 50. it is a massive friction reduction exercise
  51. 51. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY but blockchain is important bitcoin is probably not that important
  52. 52. How Ideas in Computational Law are helping litigants predict legal outcomes
  53. 53. Quantitative Legal Prediction - or - How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Start Preparing for the Data Driven Future of the Legal Services Industry 62 Emory L. J. 909 (2013) available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2187752
  54. 54. Predicting Judicial Decision Making
  55. 55. experts
  56. 56. crowds
  57. 57. Black Reed Frankfurter Douglas Jackson Burton Clark Minton Warren Harlan Brennan Whittaker Stewart White Goldberg Fortas Marshall Burger Blackmun Powell Rehnquist Stevens OConnor Scalia Kennedy Souter Thomas Ginsburg Breyer Roberts Alito Sotomayor Kagan 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2013 9-0 Reverse 8-1, 7-2, 6-3 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 - Reverse 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 - 8-1, 7-2, 6-3 9-0 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 algorithms
  58. 58. humans + machines humans or machines >
  59. 59. question is how to assemble such streams for particular problems
  60. 60. law is a field dominated by individual human experts
  61. 61. in most fields - significant quality improvements have been made by moving from experts to ensembles
  62. 62. in part computational law is about helping build those ensembles
  63. 63. using experts, crowds, algorithms
  64. 64. Implications for Predicting Judicial Behavior
  65. 65. Implications for the Rule of Law
  66. 66. Variations from the Predictable Anomaly Detection Flag of Potential Corruption, etc.
  67. 67. expert systems Computational Law Data Driven Rules Based prediction models and methods network analytic methods natural language processing self executing law visual law computable codes
  68. 68. A Few Plugs:
  69. 69. we would welcome your submissions
  70. 70. we would welcome your submissions
  71. 71. thelawlab.com
  72. 72. LexPredict.com
  73. 73. ComputationalLegalStudies.com BLOG
  74. 74. @ computational
  75. 75. Daniel Martin Katz @ computational computationallegalstudies.com lexpredict.com danielmartinkatz.com illinois tech - chicago kent college of law@

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