This is a keynote presentation to "Open science, transparence et evaluation. Perspectives et enjeux pour les chercheurs.' Held at Urfist de Bordeaux, France, 4 April 2017
ABSTRACT: The way research is disseminated has changed immeasurably since the advent of the internet, yet we still reward researchers in the same way - for publication of novel results in high impact journals. This talk will start with a brief discussion of some of the big challenges the research sector is facing as a result and describe how Open Science can address these. The talk will then focus on the difficulty of introducing and implementing Open Science solutions. Open Science questions the status quo, and potentially threatens the established reputation of both institutions and individuals. It is not an easy concept to implement. While the discipline of Scholarly Communication takes a 'meta' view of the whole research ecosystem, most players in that system are working within a narrow view. It is very rare for individuals to be able to see beyond their own experience. Challenges for people trying to implement Open Science initiatives range from practical issues in implementing change, through to the people skills and negotiations required to convince individuals and institutions that this change is necessary.