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Smart Data Slides: Modern AI and Cognitive Computing - Boundaries and Opportunities

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Smart Data Slides: Modern AI and Cognitive Computing - Boundaries and Opportunities

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We will kickoff the 2017 series with an overview of the current state of commercial artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive computing. The research and commercial communities are far from consensus on a few important definitions, so we will start with two that are critical to our understanding and analysis.

#ModernAI applies research from computer science, psychology, mathematics, linguistics and neuroscience to develop problem-solving applications that supplant or augment human intellectual performance. Unlike more traditional AI R&D, #ModernAI typically leverages machine learning and big data.
Cognitive computing is a problem-solving approach based on #ModernAI that focuses on processes for understanding, reasoning, learning and planning.

In this webinar, we will present a framework for analyzing modern AI/cognitive computing tools and technologies, with an emphasis on the risks and reward of adopting them at varying stages of maturity.

We will kickoff the 2017 series with an overview of the current state of commercial artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive computing. The research and commercial communities are far from consensus on a few important definitions, so we will start with two that are critical to our understanding and analysis.

#ModernAI applies research from computer science, psychology, mathematics, linguistics and neuroscience to develop problem-solving applications that supplant or augment human intellectual performance. Unlike more traditional AI R&D, #ModernAI typically leverages machine learning and big data.
Cognitive computing is a problem-solving approach based on #ModernAI that focuses on processes for understanding, reasoning, learning and planning.

In this webinar, we will present a framework for analyzing modern AI/cognitive computing tools and technologies, with an emphasis on the risks and reward of adopting them at varying stages of maturity.

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Smart Data Slides: Modern AI and Cognitive Computing - Boundaries and Opportunities

  1. 1. #ModernAI and Cognitive Computing Boundaries and Opportunities Adrian Bowles, PhD Founder, STORM Insights, Inc. info@storminsights.com Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. JANUARY 12, 2017
  2. 2. #ModernAI Cognitive Computing Trends Technology & Market Maturity Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. AGENDA
  3. 3. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #MODERNAI Conventional AI
  4. 4. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #ModernAI Conventional AI PERCEPTION UNDERSTANDING LEARNING PLANNING MOTIVATION PROBLEM-SOLVING
  5. 5. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #ModernAI Conventional AI PERCEPTION UNDERSTANDING LEARNING PLANNING Hardware Software Mimic Model MOTIVATION PROBLEM-SOLVING
  6. 6. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #ModernAI Conventional AI Machine Learning
  7. 7. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #ModernAI Conventional AI Machine* Learning SUPERVISED UNSUPERVISED REINFORCEMENT DEEP *April 13 Webinar: Machine Learning: Moving Beyond Discovery to Understanding
  8. 8. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #ModernAI Conventional AI Machine Learning Big Data STREAMING COMPLEX YUGE
  9. 9. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #ModernAI Conventional AI Machine Learning Big Data Hardware Software Neuromorphic TPUs NPUs GPUs Mimic GPUs ? Model HTM MBR Neural Nets
  10. 10. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. THE #MODERNAI HARDWARE MARKET IS REAL Facebook FAIR NVIDIA Google TPU IBM TrueNorthQualcomm NPU Neuromorphic GPU/ Memory Acceleration Ready Now Much More in the Pipeline Promising - Ready Now At Handset Level Proven approach for ||ism Easy interoperability with conventional systems +Natural behavioral process model +Lower power requirements
 - Requires new software model 
 & skills Nvidia Intel AMD
 Facebook (FAIR) Nervana Systems/Intel Movidius - Intel (Vision processing) Google TPU IBM Qualcomm
  11. 11. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. A FRAMEWORK FOR COGNITIVE COMPUTING Motivation reflection inference Natural Cognitive Processes deduction reasoning Learning Perception Foundation Experience- Based Learning Learn Interact Expand Integrate Augmented/Virtual Reality Confidence- weighted Reporting Hypothesis Generation & Testing Natural Language Processing Cloud … Analytics Data Management Neuromorphic Architectures
  12. 12. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. Hearing (audioception) ~12,000 outer hair cells/ear ~3,500 inner hair cells Vision (ophthalmoception) Photoreceptors - Per Eye ~120,000,000 rod cells (triggered by single photon) ~6,000,000 cone cells (require more photons to trigger) ~ 60,000 photosensitive ganglion cells Touch (tactioception) Thermoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, chemoreceptors and nociceptors for touch, pressure, pain, temperature, vibration Smell (olfacoception) Chemoreception Taste (gustaoception) Chemoreception Human Cognition ~100,000,000,000 (100B) Neurons ~100-500,000,000,000,000 (100-500T) Synapses NEUROSYNAPTIC PROBLEM SOLVING SCOPE: PERCEPTION VS COGNITION Learn ModelReason Understand Plan
  13. 13. Model Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  14. 14. Model Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS A Model is an Abstract Representation of Reality
  15. 15. Model Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. Model The Corpus, Assumptions, Algorithms Used to Generate & Score Hypotheses or Calculate Associative Distance COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  16. 16. Model Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. Model The Corpus, Assumptions, Algorithms Used to Generate & Score Hypotheses or Calculate Associative Distance Corpus The complete machine-readable record of a domain. Associative Distance A metric for the similarity of two items based on their relative locations in n- space according to an algorithm. Assumptions Implicit or explicit data or relationships held to be valid. Hypothesis An evidence-based testable assertion that explains a phenomenon or relationship. COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  17. 17. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. PROXIMITY/DISTANCE ALGORITHMS Mapped with vectors, proximity algorithm based on purpose. Mapping for autocorrect/complete vs Mapping for meaning Boy Bay Map Mop Man Nay May Mope Buy Hop Hope Boy Bay Map Mop Man Nay May Mope BuyHop Hope Similar structure -> similar meaning in vision, not always in language.
  18. 18. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. PREDICTIVE ANALYTICS: RELATED CONCEPTS The use of statistical algorithms and a set of assumptions - the model - to identify the likelihood of future outcomes or missing values based on patterns in historical data. Linear regression Logistic regression (categorical dependent variable) Time-series analysis Classification trees Decision trees… Historical Data Predicted Data Assumptions
  19. 19. Learn Understand Model Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  20. 20. Learn Understand Model Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. Understand Awareness of the meaning of data. Learn To acquire understanding of data. COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  21. 21. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. THE LINGERING QUESTION: WHAT IS UNDERSTANDING? Sentiment/Emotion/Theme/Concept Analysis Don’t let the search for perfection interfere with the path to progress.
  22. 22. MULTI-DIMENSIONAL UNDERSTANDING Source: IBM Bluemix
  23. 23. Learn Plan Reason Understand Model Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. Understand Awareness of the meaning of data. Learn To acquire understanding of data. Plan (v) Identify a goal/desired state and a set of steps/activities to reach that state. Reason (v) An evidence-based process for determining the truth or probability of a conclusion. Reasoning Deductive Inductive Abductive… COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  24. 24. Learn Plan Reason Understand Model Data Mgmt Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE COMPUTING FUNDAMENTALS
  25. 25. Systems Controls Learn Plan Reason Understand Model Data Mgmt Human Machine Input Output Sensors (IOT) Systems Controls Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE SYSTEMS: COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL
  26. 26. Systems Controls Learn Plan Reason Understand Model Data Mgmt Human Machine Input Output Gestures Emotions Language Narrative Generation Visualization Reports Haptics Sensors (IOT) Systems Controls Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE SYSTEMS: COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL Perception
  27. 27. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. KEY TRENDS Open Source and ML ML as a Service Perception as a Service
  28. 28. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. KEY TREND: OPEN SOURCE ML
  29. 29. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. MACHINE LEARNING AS A SERVICE
  30. 30. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. MACHINE LEARNING & PERCEPTION AS A SERVICE Source: IBM BlueMix
  31. 31. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. KEY TREND: PERCEPTION AS A SERVICE Source: Affectiva Affectiva: Emotion Detection Anger Sadness Disgust Joy Surprise Fear Contempt
  32. 32. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. #MODERNAI MATURITY TRENDS Maturity BigData Management Machine Learning Perception Motivation 4 3 2 1 0
  33. 33. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE COMPUTING MATURITY TRENDS Maturity Understanding Learning Reasoning Planning 4 3 2 1 0
  34. 34. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. THEY’RE HERE. WHERE DO WE GO NEXT? Alexa, who’s smarter, you or Siri? Alexa, how old is Dan Rather?
  35. 35. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. FOR MORE INFORMATION adrian@storminsights.com Twitter @ajbowles Skype ajbowles Upcoming 2017 Webinar Dates & Topics February 9 Artificial General Intelligence - When I Can I Get It? March 9 Data Science and Business Analysis: 
 A Look at Best Practices for Roles, Skills, and Processes April 13 Machine Learning - Moving Beyond Discovery to Understanding

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