The explanation with explicit picture of phone type used during each network generation. We covered 0G, 1G, 1.e or Edge, gprs, 4g, 4g+ and the upcoming 5g. YOu can get get the seminar report after following and liking my page. thank y'all.....
2. Wireless technology
Evolution from 0 to 5G
Introduction to 5G
Need of 5G
5G hardware & software
5g features and applications
3. Is the transfer of information between two or more points that are
not connected by an electrical conductor, in other words is a term
used to describe telecommunications in which electromagnetic
waves (rather than some form of wire) carry the signal over part
or all of the communication path.
5. Pre-cellular mobile telephony technology were developed in
Satellite phones were developed
Part of the public switched to telephone network
Part of a closed network were used by public services such
as a police radio or taxi dispatch system.
Mobile phones were usually mounted in cars or trucks.
6. Developed in 1980’s.
1G was based on analog system.
Speed up to 2.40kbps.
Equipped with Advance mobile phone system
(AMPS) launched by US.
Allow users to make voice call in one country.
Services provide with circuit switching.
7. Fielded in the late 1980s and finished in the
Based on digital system.
Speeds up to 64kbps.
Services such as digital voice and SMS with
8. Provide GPRS service.
CDMA (Code division multiple access)
Data transmission rates of 144kbps.
Higher capacity packetized data.
It uses 2.0G system infrastructure but it
implements a packet-switched network.
9. Allows for faster downloading
Faster than GPRS.
EDGE is an official ITU ratified 3G.
Allow people to watch streaming video
and download mp3 files faster.
Uploading speed is not so high.
10. Disadvantage of 2G GSM
Has fixed maximum cell site range
of 35km, which is imposed by
In less populous areas, the weaker
digital signal may not be sufficient
to reach a cell tower
Disadvantage of 2G IS-95
Most technology are patented and
must be licensed from Qualcomm.
IS-95 covers smaller portion of the
IS-95 phones are generally unable
to roam internationally.
11. High-speed transmission up to 2mbps.
Advanced multi-media access.
Enhanced audio and video streaming.
WEB and WAP browsing at higher speeds.
12. Emerged around 2014-2015.
Watch T.V programs with the clarity as to
that of an ordinary T.V
Provide very smooth global roaming.
Deliver 100mbps to a roaming mobile.
device globally .
1Gbps to stationary device .
The larger bandwidth for data sharing.
are relatively inexpensive .
Ad hoc and multi hop.
Video on demand
14. 3 GENERATION
3G network implementation may
3G plan prices for cell phones are
much higher than 2G
New frequencies means new
components in cell towers.
Higher data prices for consumers
Consumer is forced to buy a new
device to support the 4G
4G is only currently available in
certain cities within the United
UWB Networks : higher
bandwidth at low energy levels.
Bandwidth : 4000 megabits per
second, which is 400 time faster
than today’s wireless network
Smart antennas : Switched beam
antennas, Adaptive array antennas.
Multiplexing : CDMA (Code
Division Multiple Access
5G will be single unified standard
of different wireless network,
including wireless LAN
technologies (e.g. IEEE 802.11),
LAN/WAN/PAN and wwww,
Unified IP and seamless
combination of broadband.
Software Defined Radio, Packet
layer, implementation of packets,
Encryption, Flexibility, Antivirus
Data bandwidth : 1Gbps or higher
Zone issue : Globally accessible
Service : Dynamic information
Cost : Beneficial to domestic user
available at low cost.
It's a bit more difficult to