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The impact of technology on society - how to become a responsible designer of new technology - Jo-An Kamp (Fontys), John Walker (SURF) - OWD22

  1. Ethics and technology Why it is important to think about the impact of technology on humans and society (and how to put those thoughts to action!) Presentation for SURF onderwijsdagen 2022 Jo-An Kamp, Fontys school of ICT John Walker, Versnellingsplan EdTech
  2. Jo-An Kamp
  3. John Walker
  4. Assignment – I will show you a video prototype from a first year IMD student – Please write down everything you see that can be explained as either good or not so good (for now and in the future) (The video is 2.30 minutes long. Prepare for a quick shout out afterwards. Let’s go!)
  6. Recap: Shout out ?
  7. "The more Artificial Intelligence enters our lives, the more essential Ethics & Philosophy become." (THE AI THOUGHT BOOK)
  8. Avoid becoming a ‘tech regret’
  9. Introduction One of the main differences between science and engineering is that engineering is not just about better understanding the world but also about changing it. Many engineers believe that such change improves, or at least should improve, the world. In this sense engineering is an inherently morally motivated activity.
  10. Internal values External values Engineers have a natural tendency towards internal values
  11. From theory to practice…
  12. Technology Impact Cycle Toolkit
  14. Starting points while developing the tool: 1. Technology = multidisciplinary 2. Ethics as a driving force for innovation 3. Non-judgmental (you can be as good/evil as you want) 4. Part of the (design cycle) process 5. Context is king positives risks future scenarios balance
  15. Questions, a lot of questions… Impact Bad actors Privacy Human values Stakeholders Data Inclusivity Transparency Sustainability Future What impact is expected from your technology? How is your technology going to solve the problem? What negative effects do you expect from your technology? In what way is your technology contributing to a world you want to live in? Did you make any changes to the design of your technology because of these questions? How could bad actors use your tech to subvert or attack the truth? What could potentially become the equivalent of fake news, bots or deepfakevideos on your platform? Does your technology register personal data? If yes, what personal data? Do you think your technology is compliant with prevailing privacy law and can you motivate why? In which way can you imagine a future impact of the collection of personal data? How does the technology influence the user(s) ability to make his own decisions? What is the effect of the technology on the health and/or wellbeing of the user(s)? What are the main users/targetgroups/stakeholders for your technology? Did you consider all stakeholders, even the ones the might not be your user or target group, but still might be of interest? In what way do you consider the fact that data is collected from the users? Does your technology have a built in bias? Is your technology fair for everyone? Are your algorithms transparent to the people impacted by them? Is there any recourse for people who feel they have been incorrectly or unfairly assessed? Is your technology environmentally sustainable? Did you consider future impact?
  16. Quick / Full / Improvement Scan
  17. Cycle: in all stages of the process
  18. Towards Better Questions: EdTech + TICT Staging EdTech
  19. Setting a new stage  Focuses more on Societal level and large questions  Used for any technology  Could we narrow the use to just Educational Technologies in Education?
  20. How to build a new stage? Public Values • Justice • Autonomy • Humanity Time, Budget and Resources • Limited One solution: • A social imaginary
  21. Asking the Right Questions About Humanity regarding EdTech (Implementation and Design in Education) • TICT – Societal Questions – Public Values • Humanity –EdTech
  22. Which EdTech is on Stage?
  23. Which EdTech is on Stage? •Does encouraging meaningful contact currently in our educational institution require a technological device or application? •Are teachers and students understanding the goal of the curriculum? •Do our students need more time socializing? Meaningful Contact •Does encouraging social cohesion currently in our educational institution require a technological device or application? •How is play currently incentivized in our curriculum? How will this EdTech tool increase play in our learning material? •In what ways do instructors currently personalize or re-introduce curriculum to their students? Social Cohesion •In what ways can this tool enable students to be self-reflective? How can instructors shape this interaction? •Are all the features within the EdTech tool needed? •In what ways can this tool increase learning material collaborations between students? Well-Being
  24. Humanity Justice Autonomy Equal Opportunity Equal Treatment Inclusivity Meaningful Contact Social Cohesion Well-Being Freedom Of Choice Independence of Education
  25. So, when will these great tools and report be available?
  26. When is this new TICT available? Right now! 🎉🎉 TICT TOOL Public Values Report
  27. Do the best you can until you know better. Then when you know better, do better. Maya Angelou
  29. THANKS FOR LISTENING! Jo-An Kamp, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, John Walker, Versnellingsplan EdTech,