2. What’s the passive voice?
It is used to give more emphasis to the action itself
than to the one who does it.
3. When do we use it?
• When we want to change the focus of the sentence.
• When who or what causes the action is unknown or
unimportant or obvious or 'people in general‘.
• In factual or scientific writing.
• In formal writing instead of using someone/ people/
they (these can be used in speaking or informal
• In order to put the new information at the end of the
sentence to improve style.
• When the subject is very long.
4. How do we use it?
– Present Simple: Subject + am/is/are + Past
– Present Continuous: Subject + am/is/are being +
– Present Perfect: Subject + has/have been + Past
– Present Perfect Continuous: Subject + has/have
being + Past Participle.
5. How do we use it?
– Past Simple: Subject + was/were + Past Participle.
– Past Continuous: Subject + was/were being + Past
– Past Perfect: Subject + had been + Past Participle.
– Past Perfect Continuous: Subject + had been being
+ Past participle.
6. How do we use it?
– Future Simple: Subject + Will be + Past Participle.
– Future perfect: Subject + Will has/have been +
7. How do we use it?
– Am -> Am not.
– Is -> Isn’t.
– Are -> Aren’t.
– Was -> Wasn’t.
– Were -> Weren’t.
– Have -> Haven’t.
– Has -> Hasn’t.
– Had -> Hadn’t.
– Will -> Wont.
8. How do we use it?
– Instead of “Subject + Be(In the proper tense) +
It is “Be(In the proper tense) + Subject + Past
• Answers to the questions:
– They’ve to be short answers like:
Yes, it is. / No, It isn’t. / Yes, they are. / No, they
aren’t…. And so on.
9. How do we use it?
• Past Participle is made using the termination “–ed”
with the regular verbs and the “third column” with
the irregular verbs.
– Play – Played.
– Begin – Began – Begun(This one).
10. How do we use it?
• Verbs with two objects:
Some verbs that have two objects can make two
different active sentences, and so two different
passive sentences too.
– He gave me the book. / He gave the book to me.
You can choose either of the two objects to be
the subject of the passive sentence.
– I was given the book (by him)./ The book was
given to me (by him).
11. Active to Passive
To make a properly passive form, you need to
“reverse” the object and the subject of the active
form. I mean, The object of the active becomes
Subject in the passive.
• The lunch is made everyday by my mother.
• The homework was made by myself.
• Extraterrestrial life hasn’t been discovered yet.
• The dishes had been done by my brother.
• The course will be cured by the scientists.
• This PowerPoint is going to be sent any soon.
Thank you all for watching it and I really hope you
enjoy reading this as much as I’ve done it making it.