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Changing trends in higher education

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Hello Colleagues

Please find attached Group Bruner's presentation which looks at the changing trends in HE. It touches on the trends seen internationally. To look at the Pacific region, the group identified changing trends observed specifically at USP. Each group member than gave a brief overview of the changing trend and its implication in their respective courses.


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Changing trends in higher education

  1. 1. Changing Trends in Higher Education Group: Bruner Members: Vineet Chandra, Deepak Prasad, Jai Goundar, Sumesh Narayan
  2. 2. Introduction  HE landscape is undergoing a dramatic change. This change is seen both internationally and in the Pacific region.  These changes are a direct result of new issues that are surfacing.  The changes in HE is driven by :  Political/National issues  Value adding to degree/need of graduates in specified profession/ offering of scholarships in a specific field.  Social issues  Demand placed on graduates skill set by corporate organizations and society  Environmental issues.  Sustainability and preservation of environment for the future generation  Mitigation of global warming and climate change Contributor: Group
  3. 3. Changing Trends in HE  Some of the issues causing changing trends in HE are listed below (Staley D. J. and Trinkle D.A.)  Differentiation of HE  Transformation of general education  Mobility of students and staffs  Rise of invisible colleges  The changing “Traditional” student  Pressure to demonstrate value of degree  Increase in demand of middle skilled workers  Forming life long partnership with alumni Contributor: Group
  4. 4. Changing Trends in HE  The group identified other issues which is causing changing trend in HE are listed below:  Integration of technology in HE  Emphasis of sustainability in HE  Preservation of environment  Mitigation of global warming and climate change  Wise use of resources  Incorporating culture aspects in HE  Online presence  Development of online courses  Globalization and forming collaborative partnership with universities and industries  International recognition  Accreditation of programs  Accommodating and addressing needs of mature students in HE Contributor: Group
  5. 5. Integration of technology in HE  Technology is shaping and reshaping the HE landscape continuously.  Work environment puts great emphasis on technologically equipped graduates.  Technology has given rise to efficiency and effectiveness.  HE institutes have to incorporate technology in their curriculum or else their graduates will be at a great disadvantage in the very modern and competitive world. Contributor: Deepak
  6. 6. Implication of Integration of technology in my course  In engineering there is lot of calculations and at times there are many criteria’s to look at. In addition to this, some problems are too complex to solve analytically or experimentally. The only option is to use numerical methods.  Engineering firms and industries make use of this numerical methods (specific software's) to solve these problems.  Other reasons for using numerical method are:  Saves time  Saves money  Rapid prototyping Contributor: Deepak
  7. 7. Implication of Integration of technology in my course  In order to make my students ready for work life I have introduced used on ANSYS-CFX which is a computational fluid dynamics software (CFD) in my course.  The software is a very important tool for the students.  How to use the software is taught to the students and later they use it in their projects.  Project work foster dynamic teamwork and provides the platform to show their creativity and ingenuity with mastery of the software. Contributor: Deepak
  8. 8. Sustainability in HE  Pacific Island Countries are facing challenges in sustainability such as global warming, climate change issues, ecological, waste management, pollution, labor migration, subsistence diet, poverty, urbanization, trade, health, human rights and many more.  In the case of Pacific Island nations, education for sustainable development is embedded within Pacific cultures, languages and knowledge systems that have helped Pacific peoples to live sustainably for centuries (Corcoran and Kosby, 2010) .  Policies for sustainability in HE is developed at regional level, then adapted at country level in national policy.  The most important activity is the Pacific Education for Sustainable Development Framework (Framework) with priorities of formal education and training; community- based education; and policy and innovation.  Due to financial constrains faced by many small island countries for national infrastructure to address national sustainability needs, lead to the setting up of a number of regional organizations in the Pacific with decrees for specific economic, environment, and socio-cultural areas of significance. PACE-NET and PACE-SD at USP is an example.  USP is also focusing on sustainable development through research, this was included in new strategic plan, the researches are now normally focused on sustainable development of the country. Contributor: Sumesh
  9. 9. Sustainability in HE  Despite many challenges, the Pacific region has initiated sustainability thinking and practice in various scopes, particularly in the education.  Pacific Island Countries launched 14 Type II Partnership Initiatives (Fox, 2014) during the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development. Education-based Capacity Building by USP and Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) as an example.  One specific regional contribution has been the UNESCO- International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Asia- Pacific DESD Indicators Project (Ryan et al., 2010)  Unite academic disciplines and institutions in research activities aligned to sustainability, for example, at The University of the South Pacific (USP), there are five main research areas. Contributor: Sumesh
  10. 10. Sustainability in HE  Policy and practice emerging in South Pacific Island Universities. The USP is showing strong leadership in education for sustainable development and climate change research.  Higher education for sustainable development, such as Postgraduate Diploma, Masters and PhD in Climate Change, number of renewable energy courses offered  KOICA project at USP - Renewable Energy assessment in all USP member countries and establishment of a Data Bank at USP; Renewable Energy Capacity Building in the USP region; and Establishment of a 45 kW grid-connected solar PV system at the USP Laucala lower Campus and development of a Renewable Energy Training Centre. Contributor: Sumesh
  11. 11. Changing Trend – Online Presence in HE  Course material are now easily accessible through platforms like Moodle which enables the students to access it whenever and wherever they need. Likewise they can submit assignments from anywhere.  Students are sharing their work and are also having access to open educational resources and other material to enhance their learning which enables then to improve from the past work already carried out by someone in the world.  Students discussion are encouraged through the use of Moodle discussion forums and blogs. Contributor: Vineet
  12. 12. Impact of Online Presence in my Course  In order to provide students with teaching materials which is easily accessible to them, all my courses have teaching material present online.  With the help of easily available internet, students are able to find related materials which they use to understand a particular theory or content easily  Students are also able to access teaching material (notes, lab manuals) on mobile device (smart phones) which enable them to refer whenever required.  However, online presence of all teaching material leads to low turnout in lectures sometimes.  Online presence of information related to the subject being taught enables the student to be prepared what to expect and how to tackle the subject matter.  In one of my course, online submissions (via Moodle) enable us to handle easily around 200 students assignment and lab submission. It enable us to easily mark the labs and enter their marks online which they can instantly see. Contributor: Vineet
  13. 13. Changing Trend – Accommodating and addressing needs of mature students in HE  Many students prefer to peruse HE while there are working in industries, most of the times these students are mature aged students, they have been away from education systems for number of years.  There is number of reasons for these students pursue there studies while working, such as:  Over the years the program structure changes due to changing technology and requirements of the nation, for example the BeTech (3years) program has changed to BE (4year), therefore students join to upgrade there qualification.  Due to some reasons, many students are not able to complete there HE and join industries, and prefer to complete later.  Some students prefer to join the work field with minimum qualification such as diplomas and prefer to upgrade their qualifications later.  Therefore the education system must be able to accommodate and address the needs of these students. Contributor: Jai
  14. 14. Implementation of changes in my course to accommodate mature students.  Some of the changes that I adopted to accommodate mature students in my course are.  I make all the lecture materials available online so mature students are excess to this materials.  At-least one Lab session is scheduled after 5pm, therefore, mature students gets time to attend this session.  The workshops and labs are arranged to be opened in weekends, therefore these students have advantages to complete their projects.  Future changes that will be implemented in my course are:  Put the recorded lectures online, so the mature students can access it.  The students are away from the education systems therefore, they have little difficulty in solving mathematical based problems, I put questions and quizzes online for these students to practice in advance and get familiar with it.  Develop some online labs, so they can do these labs in their own time. Contributor: Jai
  15. 15. Conclusion  HE institutes needs to address and incorporate the changes occurring in the educational landscape into the curriculum to meet the needs of 21st century. Contributor: Group
  16. 16. Reference Universities UK. 2012, Futures for Higher Education: Analysing Trends. Staley D. J. and Trinkle D. A. 2011. The Changing Landscape of Higher Education, EDUCAUSE REVIEW. Ryan A., Tilbury D., Corcoran P. B., Abe O. and Nomura K. 2010. Sustainability in Higher Education in the Asia – Pacific: Developments, Challenges, and Prospects, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 106-119 Corcoran P. B. and Koshy K. C. 2010. The Pacific way: sustainability in higher education in the South Pacific Island nations, Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 130-140. Fox C. 2014. Future directions for comparative education dialogue in the Asia- Pacific region, Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Vol. 34, pp. 212-227. Contributor: Group