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What is export? Sale of goods from one country to another against payment in foreign currency in a legal way
It should mention Parties: Addresses and Identities Nature of contract: Sales of goods/services, agency/distributorship Date of agreement The contract should state Products name (including its technical name ) Sizes in which it is supplied Standards/specifications according to the buyer or as per the samples approved by him. Details of specification of sample must be given in the contract Quantity, total value Inspection, Test certification Packing, packaging, labelling Marking Terms of delivery Duty and charges, taxes Period of delivery terms of payment discounts and commisions licences and permits insurance
Why do we need documentation? • Buyer and sellers are separated by long distances • Formal contract ( assigning duties/responsibilities) is necessary • Protection of interests of both the parties • The operational constraint • Claim of export assistance and incentives provided by the government
Trade documents may be broadly categorised into 3 heads Commercial documents Legal or Regulatory documents Incentive and Assistance Claim documents
Possession of docs imply ownership of goods Docs represent goods shipped by exporter These docs entitle the importer Indicates goods at destination, and Used to compensation by insurance, in the event of damage or loss
Commercial Invoice Certificate of Origin Inspection Certificate Packing list Transportation Insurance Certificate/Policy Documentation Bill of Exchange - Bill of lading -forwarder Shipment Advice - Airway Bill - Combined transport document
DOCS AS PER REQUIREMENT OFDOCUMENTATION AS PER IMPORTING COUNTRYREQUIREMENT OF GOI Export License if necessary Customs Invoice AR4/AR5 Form GSP Certificate of origin Pre-shipment Inspection Certificate Export Declaration form GR/PP/VPP/COD/Softex Form Shipping Bill - customs
Application form Shipping Bill duly authenticated by customs Commercial Invoice attested by bank Statement of exports certified by the negotiating bank Registration cum membership form of concerned export promotion council
First and the only complete document for a shipment from among the set of commercial documents. Serves as a basis for preparation of all other documents CI is needed at both pre-shipment and post- shipment stages for ▪ Obtaining Export Inspection Certificate, ▪ Clearance from excise and customs ▪ Negotiating documents with the bank.
CI performs three main functions It is a Document of Content, It is a Bill by exporter, It is a Packing List It also sets forth the terms of shipment and payment and can operate as Certificate of Origin
Equivalent to multimodal transport document/airway bill/railway/lorry/post parcel/courier receipt These documents state and evidence the mode, manner and date of shipment. These docs define the contractual rights and obligations of the parties lawful holders can claim goods at the destination and at will given by forwarder to exporter
It performs 3 functions: ▪ An evidence of contract of affreightment between the ship owner and the charterer ▪ A receipt of goods ▪ Document of title:(Order B/L: negotiable doc. and Consignee named/ Straight B/L: non-transferable)
It’s legally defined as “an unconditional order in writing, addressed by one person to another, signed by the person giving it, requiring the person to which it is addressed to pay on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time a certain sum of money, to or to the order of, a specified person or to bearer.”
EXPORTER (Drawer) (Payee) 1 OF BILL ANGE H EXC 5EXPORTER’S BANK IMPORTER CUSTOMS (collecting bank) (Drawee) 6 T F EN KING BILL O NGE YM A PA DERT 2 A 3 E X CH UN IMPORTER’S BANK (remitting bank) 4 DOCS (MASTER/HOUSE AWB)
It performs the role of bridging time gap between shipment of goods and receipt of sale amount. This is required to be honored either by actual payment or by an undertaking to make payment at a future date by the party on whom it is drawn. After payment/undertaking the importer’s bank will hand over the documents to the importer for taking possession of goods. Can be either a Sight Draft (for DP – Docs Against Payment) OR Usance/Term Draft (for DA – Docs Against Acceptance)
Sight Bill of Exchange BILL OF EXCHANGE Bill of exchange for Date Place On demand, Pay this First of Exchange (Second of the same date and tenor being unpaid) to the order of (exporter’s bank) a sum of ……….... only for value received vide Airway Bill No./Bill of Lading No. ………… dated …………. and place the same to account. To : Drawee For : Drawer (exporter) Usance Bill of Exchange BILL OF EXCHANGE Bill of exchange for Date Place …………. Days after date, Pay this First of Exchange (Second of the same date and tenor being unpaid) to the order of (exporter’s bank) a sum of …….. only for value received vide Airway Bill No./ Bill of Lading No. …… dated ……. and place the same to account. To : Drawee For : Drawer (exporter)