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IDATE DigiWorld - Autonomous Cars Antoine Klifa

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The promises of autonomous cars
Evolution towards full automation
Levels of autonomous driving
Autonomous car potential
Connectivity and communication
5G opportunities
Strategies and roadmap
Announcements regarding availability

Publié dans : Technologie
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IDATE DigiWorld - Autonomous Cars Antoine Klifa

  1. 1. | Enlighten your digital future! www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2018 Executive Club Autonomous Cars
  2. 2. www.idate.org The promises of autonomous cars
  3. 3. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 3 Autonomous cars – evolution towards full automation > Levels of autonomous driving Autonomous driving levels
  4. 4. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 4 Autonomous car potential > Increased convenience > Safety : 94% of main causes for accidents are driver related Driver related errors breakdown Source: IDATE, based on the National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey from the NHTSA, 2015 Causes of stress and anxiety in the car Notes: In Philippines Source: Ford, 2015 39% 31% 10% 7% 7% Recognition Decision Performance Non-performance Other
  5. 5. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 5 Sensors at the heart of the autonomous vehicle > No single sensor type can work for all tasks and in all conditions > Deep learning plays an essential role in training autonomous cars Multiple sensors work together for autonomous driving Source: Texas Instruments, WCP
  6. 6. www.idate.org Connectivity and communication V2X basics
  7. 7. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 7 Connectivity and communication - V2V, V2I, V2X > V2X : bidirectional communication between vehicles and other equipment Source: 5G Americas
  8. 8. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 8 Connectivity and communication – Scenarios > Safety systems using V2V communications could prevent 76% of crashes on the road ( Source : USDOT) Main scenarios where V2V can prevent accidents Source: NHSTA
  9. 9. www.idate.org Connectivity and communication ITS-G5 VS Cellular V2X
  10. 10. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 10 In Europe, two technologies compete for the future of V2V/V2I > ITS-G5 promoted by CAR 2 CAR > C-V2X promoted by 5GAA Partners of the CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium Source: Car 2 Car Members of the 5GAA
  11. 11. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 11 ITS G5 basics > ITS G5 is derived from the standard IEEE 802.11  Also known as Wireless LAN  frequencies in the 5.9 GHz > Automatic connection and creation of an ad hoc network when two or more vehicles at range  All ITS stations know the position, speed and direction of the other stations and will be able to provide warnings and information. > Range limited to a few hundred meters … >…but every vehicle is also a router  It allows sending messages over multi-hop to farther vehicles and ITS stations. > Limited to V2V/V2I/V2P applications
  12. 12. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 12 Cellular V2X (C-V2X) basics > Two complementary transmission modes using C-V2X Network communicationsDirect communications Independent of cellular networks ITS Band (5.9 GHz) Similar but different from ITS-G5 No sim needed Traditional mobile broadband Licensed Spectrum Partnerships with MNOs. Can coexist with ITS-G5, using different channels in the ITS band
  13. 13. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 13 The future of C-V2X > Main expectations for 5G are in developing advanced autonomous car behaviours 3GPP V2X phase 1 Rel-14 (2017) Basic set of requirements for V2X service 3GPP V2X phase 2 Rel-15 (2018) New features, including latency reduction 3GPP V2X phase 3 (“eV2X services”) Rel-16 (end of 2019) Advanced services -Advanced Driving -Vehicle Platooning -Extended Sensors -Remote Driving 4G/LTE Release 14 Phase 1 Release 15 Phase 2 5G Release 16 Phase 3
  14. 14. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 14 Delegated act : a draft not technology neutral > The European Commission, plans to propose legislation regarding C-ITS by the end of the year > There are concerns that the current proposal would lead to a “lock- in” of ITS-G5 as the de-facto central communications V2X technology… > …hindering the development of C-V2X in Europe
  15. 15. www.idate.org Strategies and roadmap
  16. 16. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 16 Dilemma between gradual automation or leapfrog > Disagreements among automakers regarding technology and the overall strategy for introducing autonomous driving  Some players are arguing that safety is a concern with level 3 cars, and that the industry should “leapfrog” directly to higher levels  Some are aiming at developing level 5 cars without V2X > … while some majors players are planning for fully self-driving directly > Level 3 cars are already available for some …
  17. 17. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 17 Some announcements regarding availability Thousands of minivans (Chrysler) ordered for Waymo’s self-driving ride hailing service Thousands of electric SUVs (Jaguar) also ordered in 03/2018 GM’s cruise fleet service aims “at scale” deployment Aims for fully self- driving capabilities Mass production of self-driving cars 2018 2019 2020 2021
  18. 18. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 18 Some highlights in other countries “From the beginning of 2019, we will have the legislative framework authorising level 4 experiments. By 2022, a regulatory framework will be put in place to allow autonomous vehicles to circulate.” Source: French President National guidelines for testing self-driving cars laid out in April 2018 Source: National Development and Reform Commission 01/2018. Public launch of a self-driving car system scheduled for the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo Source: Japanese Prime Minister
  19. 19. www.idate.org Challenges
  20. 20. www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2017 – p. 20 Uncertainties regarding the development of autonomous vehicles > Reliability in all conditions -Complex driving environments, inclement weather, hacking risk > Opposition from workers of certain industries > Poorly defined regulation > Consumer aversion to driverless vehicles Public is more worried than enthusiastic about self-driving vehicles Source: Automation in Everyday Life, Pew Center, October 2017
  21. 21. | Enlighten your digital future! www.idate.org © IDATE DigiWorld 2018 Contact Antoine KLIFA Consultant, pôle Innovation a.klifa@idate.orgAcheter l’étude : Autonomous cars

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