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craft clusters of different states

  1. CRAFT CLUSTER ASSIGNMENT Submitted by :Shaik dilshad 18107042 Batch 2 B. DES FD Sem IV
  2. • Generic cashmere ranges from 12–21 microns in diameter, whereas pashmina refers only to those fibres that range from 12–16 microns. PASHMINA SHAWLS • Pashmina accessories are known for their softness and warmth. • Pashmina shawls are also known as shahmina in Kashmir. • A pashmina shawl is very soft, very warm, and very fine. • It is supposed to take more than 15 days for an artisan to make the final product which is why this hand woven product is so expensive. Most intricate of them even take several months to make. Raw (left) and de-haired (right) Cashmere Pashmina wool Printed pashmina shawl Pashmina fabric basic style shawl
  3. CHANDERI SAREES • Traditional coin, floral art, peacocks and geometric designs are woven into different Chanderi patterns. • The saris are known for their gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk, and opulent embroidery. Leaf Pattern on Chanderi Silk Fabric Golden brocade border on chanderi saree • Chanderi is a traditional ethnic fabric characterized by its lightweight, sheer texture and fine luxurious feel. • This fabric can be classified into three types – Chanderi silk cotton, pure silk and Chanderi • From traditional motifs of flowers, peacock, lotus to modern geometric patterns, today one can find strikingly beautiful motifs like ‘Nalferma, ‘Dandidar, ‘Chatai’, ‘Jangla’, Mehndi wale haath’ etc. adorning the Chanderi fabrics. Color palette of Chanderi sarees are predominately ruled by soft pastel hues, however with changing times, vibrant combinations of red and black, turquoise and navy blue, fuchsia and white also exist.
  4. KUTCH SHAWLS ~Kutch region of the Gujarat • These are largely woven with Kachchhi motifs in Bhujodi village of Kutch. • Traditionally Kachchhi weavers belong to Marwada and Maheswari communities. • KUTCH shawls received geographical indication tag under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. • The Kutchi shawls are sold in domestic markets • The origin of weaving of Kutchi shawls was from the Dhadba or what the Kachchhis call the Hiragiriyu, which is a typical design style of the dhadba • Around 2,400 women are engaged in preparatory and finishing processes.
  5. KULLU SHAWLS •A Kullu shawl is a type of shawl made in Kullu,India,which are weaved by the indigenous kullvi people. •Typical Kullu shawls have geometrical designs on both ends. They also have floral designs , the design colours are usually bright colours, for emphasizing the shawl. •Kulu shawls are also crafted in yak's wool, sheep wool, Pashmina, and other handcrafted material. •Kullu shawls are worn by both: men and women, but men’s shawls are usually called "Loi" or "Pattu" and are often plain without any pattern or minimal patterned stripes on two edges.
  6. MUGA SILK •Muga silk is a variety of wild silk to the state of Assam . The silk is known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellowish-golden tint with a shimmering, glossy texture. •This is one unique fabric where the golden luster increases with age. Any type of embroidery by a thread can be done on it. •The time taken to make one single saree is about two months right from rearing the silkworm to the finished product. The weaving process of the muga silk saree alone takes up one week to ten days to complete. •Muga silk cloth is very largely used by the Assamese women as mekhela, riha-sador sarees. Muga silk yarns
  7. • Kota sarees are usually made of pure cotton or silk. • They are also often made of a translucent muslin material. • Kota sarees are also often called Masuria Malmal because they were originally developed in Mysore. • Kota sarees have square patterns, which are known as khats. • The delicate weave of this saree is done with fine thread which makes these sarees light and easy to carry. KOTA SAREES Kota Doria Floral Printed Cotton Saree
  8. •Phanek is a traditional loin cloth, Manipuri style of dressing and culture. The Phanek is usually worn as a mini saree with a blouse and an upper cloth. •They are mostly hand woven and are available only in block colors or stripes. The Innaphi has delicate floral designs on it and is worn like a dupatta. •The phanek is the ethnic sarong worn by Manipuri women and is broadly of two types – the meitei phanek and the tribal phanek. •It is made up of cotton, silk and other synthetic materials. PHANEK The phanek loin cloth will take upto 15-20days to complete,dyed with natural materials.
  9. • Ilkal is a traditional form of Indian saree that is woven using cotton warp on the body and art silk warp for both the border and pallu portion of the saree. • Sometimes, instead of art silk, pure silk is also used. • Ilkal is a sleepy little town in the Bagalkot district of the Indian state of Karnataka. • The main body of the saree contains designs such as stripes, rectangles, and squares. Sometimes the main body is also left plain. ILKAL SAREES
  10. • The Balarampuram sarees are well known for its simplicity and worn as a traditional costume by the women folk of Kerala. • It is woven from un-dyed natural cotton, that compliments the tropical climate of Kerala. • It is usually a cream stretch of cloth with "Kasavu" (exquisite embroidery work created from silver wires coated with gold) borders. • A major handloom cluster, Balaramapuram is a small village in Thiruvananthapuram district of south Kerala BALAPURAM SAREES
  11. • The Kanchipuram silk sari is a type of silk sari made in the Kanchipuram region in Tamil Nadu, India. • These saris are worn as bridal & special occasion saris by most women in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh. It has been recognized as a Geographical indication by the Government of India in 2005–2006. • The famous Kanjeevaram saree weave goes back 400 years. • They used their excellent weaving skills to make the silk saree that bore images of scriptures and figurines found on the temples around the village. KANCHIPURAM SAREES
  12. • Pochampally Saree or Pochampalli Ikat is a saree made in Bhoodan Pochampally, Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Telangana State, India. • They have traditional geometric patterns in Ikat style of dyeing. • Pochampally Ikat uniqueness lies in the transfer of intricate design and colouring onto warp and weft threads first and then weave them together globally known as double ikat textiles. • The fabric is cotton, silk and sico – a mix of silk and cotton • Increasingly, the colours themselves are from natural sources and their blends. POCHAMPALLY SAREES
  13. • Ikat patterns are dyed and binded into the threads before cloth is weaved. • This differentiates it from the Tie and Dye process where the fabric is woven in the first place. • Ikat is an elaborate dying process done with silk or cotton fabrics. • Ikat is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric. IKAT SAREES
  14. • Kosa silk is obtained from an Indian silkworm – Antheraea mylitta and is a variety of Tussar silk. • It is drawn out of cocoons which are especially grown on specific trees known as Arjun, Saja and Sal. ... Known the world over for its soft texture and purity, this version of Tussar silk is produced exclusively in India. • Kosa is extensively used for making traditional Indian dresses including sarees, kurtas, salwar suits, shirts and many more garments. • Available naturally in shades of gold-pale, dark, honey, tawny, baccoto beige, creamy KOSA SILK
  15. • The strength of the tussar yarn due to its short fibre length makes it one of the most durable fabrics. • Tussar silk is a type of wild silk produced primarily in the states of West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand. • Tussar silk stands out in the field of Indian fabric and threads. •It has a rich and coarse texture •It gives a cool comfort feeling •It imparts dual shade to the saree •It is light and easy to wear TUSSAR SILK
  16. PACHRA •Pachra is a handloom fabric from the state of Tripura. •It is a long cotton cloth , having geometric motifs,intricate stripes and embroidery in different colours. The embroidery takes 10-15 days and requires special skill. •Pachra is a long piece of cloth worn as a lower garment , just below the knee,worn by the women of the region. •The pachra garment is usually worn with a risa , a short cloth that covers the upper half of the body.
  17. NAGA SHAWLS •Naga shawls are the traditional shawls of the naga tribes,also known as Chakshesang shawls. They are primarily made of red and black colour. •They have distinctive patterns with traditional design motifs including simple clean lines, stripes, squares and bands. •The shawl is also beautified with figures such as elephants,tigers,hensand circles,representing human head. •Naga shawls are made with loin looms.Nagaland shawls are woven with a rayon weft and weaving is done mostly with cotton. Tangkhul naga tribe,in naga shawl
  18. BANARASI SAREE •A Banarasi saree is made in Varanasi, an ancient city which is also called Banaras. •The motifs on the saree involve flowers , birds , geometric patterns , metallic visual effects , pallus , jal(a net like pattern) and motifs inspired from the mugals. •Depending on the intricacy of its designs and patterns, a sari can take from 15 days to a month and sometimes up to six months to complete. •There are four main varieties of Banarasi sari, which includes pure silk (Katan), Organza (Kora) with Zari and silk, Georgette. •Depending on the intricacy of its designs and patterns, a sari can take from 15 days to a month and sometimes up to six months to complete.
  19. BHAGALPUR SILK Bhagalpur silk or Tussar silk is a dying style of silk sarees and other clothes from Bhagalpur, Bihar in India. Bhagalpur is also known as “silk city” of India. Varieties like Katia, Giccha, Eri, Mulberry and various varieties of Bhagalpur silk yarn facilitate in giving this fabric a pastoral look and provide an essence of delicateness to its texture. The motifs on bhagalpur silk include stripes , flowers , animal motifs which are intricately weaved by the artisians . Each bagalpur saree may take 15days to 2months depending on the amount of intricate work needed on the saree. Silk yarns Bhagalpur silk cloth after weaving
  20. APATANI FABRIC •Apatani fabric belongs to the state of Arunachal Pradesh which is weaved by indegenious apatani tribes. •The dictating colours of the Apatani are orange-yellow, red, blue and dark blue. While orange colour dyes came from plant Tamin, the brownish- yellow colour came from Sankhii. Yango was used to extract indigo blue. •The patterns of the weaves on Apatani are distinctly angular and zig-zag in designs. even the floral designs are angular in shape. Even floral patterns take on a more geometric form in fabrics of these regions. Stripes are common too. Hangs of apatani yarns Geometric patterns
  21. •A Puanchei or a wrap around skirt is a beautiful costume of girls, mostly worn during festivals of Chapchar Kut. Chapchar Kut is one of the oldest festivals of Mizoram and has a great cultural significance. Chapchar kut festival •A puanchei is made of cotton and is handwoven and takes upto 15-20days to complete the entire making process. •The puanchei contains geometric patterns and motfis of musical instruments , plants which are also geometric . • The puanchei is traditionally woven in red , black and white colours. Now they are available in various colours with the same patterns. • Puanchei has got the geographical indication Tag in august,2019,under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. PUACHEI
  22. •Jamdani is a fine muslin textile of Bengal, produced for centuries in South Rupshi of Narayanganj district in Bangladesh. Jamdani is called dhakai in bangladesh. •In 2013, the traditional art of weaving jamdani was declared a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. •Jamdani is believed to be a fusion of the ancient cloth-making techniques of Bengal with the muslins produced by Bengali Muslims since the 14th century. •Jamdani patterns are mostly of geometric, plant, and floral designs and are said to have originated thousands of years ago. Due to the exquisite painstaking methodology required, only aristocrats and royal families were able to afford such luxuries. •In 2016, Bangladesh received geographical indication(GI) status for Jamdani Sari.It was the first GI status given to any Bangladeshi product. JAMDANI