Construction is an offer hazardous, predominantly land based activity
where site workers many be exposed to various risks.
Site risk can include working at height , moving machinery and materials,
power tool and electrical equipment hazardous sub stances. Plus the effects
of excessive noise, dust and vibration
5. Major types of safety
Machinery & tools safety
6. Type of safety
Personal protective equipment
Follow environmental guidelines
keep the work area clean
no crowding inside the site
proper site training
safety programmes and culture
the risk management system
7. Site safety
10 mph NO unauthorized persons All drivers and visitors
speed of site beyond this point must report to the site
8. Personal protective equipment (PPE)
The Construction Industry is notorious for its safety hazard occurrences.
Needless to say, the construction workers are the ones who are most prone to a
construction accident. These hazards include injury to the eyes, limbs, and other body
parts, mechanical and electrical hazards, and even worker fatalities. So, it is super
important for every worker to wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
To minimize injuries from such accidents, the workers are required to wear gloves, safety
goggles (aka safety glass), knee pads, hard hats, earmuffs, respirators, and vests
The protective gears must fit the workers and should be kept clean. The workers are also
required to be aware of when and where the safety equipment is used. It might seem
basic to wear the proper safety gear. But it is crucial nevertheless.
Simple preventative measures like these can eliminate many injuries related to electrical,
mechanical, chemical, physical, and radiological mishaps.
10. Follow environmental guidelines
• Another super important one among the
construction safety tips is to follow the
• Environmental hazards are more common
in the winter and rainy seasons. The
blistering sun towering over the site also
causes hazards to the workers.
• Hence, it is mandatory to be aware and
take necessary measures to avert injuries
caused by nature’s ill moods.
• The construction manager should take
responsibility in such scenarios and be
ready even to halt the work if required.
• Finally, in the case of Force majeure
events, the onsite construction is best left
11. Ladder safety is another major safety issue concerning a construction manager. But really, it needn’t have to be! Minimal attention on
the part of workers and contractors can avoid major disasters. Anyway, by following the worker safety tips, you can ensure the
worker's maximum safety from ladder accidents, decreasing fall hazards.
The ladder must be strong, tight, dry, and free from corrosion and other damages The ladder must always be taller than the destination
of the climber Always keep the ladder clean
Give proper training to the unskilled workers. Fall protection must be there for every climb. Using fall hazard signs These measures are
also applicable on scaffolding or a staircase.
12. Keep the work area clean
Gandhi once said,
“Cleanliness is next to Godliness.”
It is totally valid in the case of construction sites too. A clean site is a safe
site. It’s that simple.
In general, construction sites are known for every hazardous material and
rubble they produce. The dust and debris can be highly toxic and cause
serious respiratory illnesses. So, it is advisable to wear a respirator while
using dusty equipment.
Not just the respiratory problems but the layers of dust can also cause
more imminent troubles. Grazing the skin by hidden construction
equipment, injuries due to trips and stumbles, hidden iron and steel rods
causing unnecessary injuries, just to name a few.
So, couldn’t we agree that Gandhi’s advice is timeless after all?
13. No crowding inside the site perimeter
Construction is not easy, let's face it. A construction worker needs to give excessive
physical effort and care to the project.
Naturally, cooling sessions are extremely important in the business. However, these
sessions shouldn’t mingle with their work.
In other words, the workers shouldn’t take their job lightly. Although it is usual for
the workers to crowd around new equipment and machinery, the construction
manager should make sure that this doesn’t become a habit.
To put it simply, crowds are noisy, and the subtleties of the work will get overlooked
To prevent this, follow the easiest of the construction site safety measures - NO
14. Lifting precautions
Lifting heavy equipment is a major part of the construction job. The
workers are hence ready for the duty calls. However, lifting is a laborious
No matter how careful the workers are, there can still be room for
Lifting hazards can be paralyzing and even fatal. So, the construction
should report as soon as they feel something is amiss.
The workers can follow these tips to diminish such casualties arising from
• Following proper lifting techniques
• Understanding one’s own limitations and asking for help
• Making use of Innovations in Construction Technology like Exosuits and
15. Proper site
• Every construction worker should get proper safety
training before the construction project. This
eliminates all rookie mistakes and makes the
workers confident and comfortable around the site.
• The safety procedures and protocols are to be
followed strictly. Every Safety officer has to ensure
that every worker understands the significance of
the methods. They should also make sure that the
workers are aware of every potential danger and are
ready for it.
• Also, these days, construction site safety training is
even available online. So cool, right? Make use of it!
16. Safety programs and culture
• While a training program can educate the workers about safety, it is simply not enough in a
long-term contract. Why? Because workers, like any other person, they too are human beings!
And are susceptible to errors.
So, a training program at the beginning of the project is not adequate.
• On the other hand, nurturing a safety-culture enables the community of workers to learn from
• The safety standards will be met with ease as the workers fully absorb the ideals and
values of the company.
• The morale of the work zone can be cheered up greatly by a society that cares about others’ well-
• Creating a feedback system and encouraging the workers to speak up about their troubles will go a long way. Think
17. Risk management system
Building guard rails and routinely checking the stability of every scaffolding,
providing eye protection, protective gear, and
other safety equipment, and hanging safety nets are some of the ways to
The potential risks can also be reduced by having the following institutions :
• Proper analysis of previous accidents
• Having an emergency response system
• Having a personal fall arrest system for every mounter
• Even if everything goes according to the plan, there is still room for
disasters. For example, workplace safety can be
• challenged by force majeure events such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and
The construction companies should be ready to deal with such unfortunate
incidents. And for that, every construction
company should have a risk management system to minimize losses.
18. Wrapping up
Occupational safety is paramount, especially in construction work. So, every potential
hazard should be analysed and for errorless construction.
But of course, it is not realistic to attain such perfection as the safety risk is always
gonna present itself before us.
The construction manager should take the initiative to ensure a safe work
environment. The managers should assert their ideals and values before the workers
early on and promote a safety-culture. So, the workers must adhere to every general
safety precaution and guideline. To conclude, remember,
Supervisors , Managers
carpenters and other
For Safety officers. For Fire fighter.
For site visitors.
For labourers and Earth
carpenters and other
20. Class 1 safety vests meet the basic standards for enhanced visibility in low speed / low impact areas. are used by workers doing low-risk jobs on off-
road (Type O) locations, parking lots, events (concerts, marathons, etc.) and delivery routes.
Class 1 vests require a minimum of 155 sq. in. of reflective tape and 217 sq. in. of background fabric
Class 2 safety vest are required for workers in construction , utilites, surveying etc. Field engineers genrally wear Class 2 vest. This vest include
signficantly more high-visibility reflective area than Class 1 vest.
Class 2 vest require a minimum of 201 sq.in of reflective tape and 450 sq.in . (Type P) or 775 sq.in . (Type R) of background fabric.