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EU policies and legal instruments on counter terrorism

Presentation at the AEPL in 2018

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EU policies and legal instruments on counter terrorism

  1. 1. EU policies and legal instruments on counter terrorism Dr Fotis Fitsilis EPLO Academy Session 2018
  2. 2. Structure of presentation • EU Counter terrorism strategy • EU strategy for combating radicalisation and recruitment to terrorism • Guidelines for the implementation of the revised strategy for combating radicalisation and recruitment to terrorism by member states • Fight against terrorist fi nancing • EU integrated political crisis response arrangements (IPCR) • EU civil protection legislation • EU engagement with international partners (UN and OSCE) • Role of the EU authorities and agencies on counter terrorism 2
  3. 3. EU Counter terrorism strategy Main EU strategy document: Directive (EU) 2017/541 on combating terrorism [1] Aim: Adapt EU law to fi ght terrorism to evolving international terrorist threats O ff ences: exhaustive list - when committed - threat to commit them Sanctions: - on aiding and abetting, inciting and attempting, and. - on jurisdiction and prosecution Victims: Protection, support and assistance Respect fundamental and legal rights (Art. 6 TEU) [2] [1] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32017L0541 [2] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/? uri=CELEX:12016M006&from=EN 3
  4. 4. EU strategy for combating radicalisation and recruitment to terrorism [3] • Underlines EU States' authority as security-providers • Joint standards and measures to prevent terrorist radicalisation & recruitment • Disrupts the activities of individuals/networks that draw people into terrorism • Ensures that voices of mainstream opinion prevail over those of extremism • Promotes security, justice, democracy and opportunities for all [3] http://register.consilium.europa.eu/doc/srv? l=EN&f=ST%209956%202014%20INIT 4
  5. 5. Guidelines for EU MS • Guidelines to be reviewed every 2 years [4] • Responsibility primarily lies with MS • Measures to detect and remove internet content • Communication strategies to promote fundamental values • Education, jobs, social integration, rehabilitation • Network of National Prevent Policy Makers (2017) - Exchange of expertise - Involve closely MS in Radicalization network (RAN) [4] http://statewatch.org/news/2014/dec/eu-council-2014-11-27-13469-rev1- draft-strategy-radicalisation-recruitment.pdf 5
  6. 6. Fight against terrorist fi nancing Fifth Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD V) Amended in May 2018 Directive 2015/849 [5] aiming to: - improve transparency in the ownership of companies and trusts - strengthen checks on risky third countries - address risks linked to prepaid cards and virtual currencies - enhance cooperation between the national Financial Intelligence Units Main changes 1) Enhanced access to bene fi cial ownership registers 2) Addressing risks linked to prepaid cards and virtual currencies 3) Improving cooperation between national Financial Intelligence Units 4) Improved checks on risky third countries [5] http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/PE-72-2017-INIT/en/pdf 6
  7. 7. EU integrated political crisis response arrangements (IPCR) - 2013 - • Strengthen EU’s ability to take rapid decisions at an EU political level • Cross-sectorial crises (disasters and terrorism) • Di ff erent activation levels • Solidarity clause (Art. 222 TFEU) Tools: - Informal roundtable - Integrated Situational Awareness and Analysis Report - IPCR web platform - 24/7 contact point [6] https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/57c85446- aa54-11e6-aab7-01aa75ed71a1/language-en 7
  8. 8. EU civil protection legislation De fi nition: governmental aid delivered in the immediate aftermath of a disaster Form: in-kind assistance, deployment of special teams or assessment, coordination by fi eld experts, monitoring tools EU Civil Protection Mechanism was established in 2001 as cooperation among national civil protection authorities. Includes Iceland, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, FYROM and Turkey. Legal framework: - Decision 1313/2013/EU on Civil Protection Mechanism [7] - List of risks updated (2017) to include terrorism [8] - Regulation (EU) 2016/369 on the provision of emergency support within the Union [9] [7] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/? qid=1401179579415&uri=CELEX:32013D1313 [8] http://ec.europa.eu/echo/sites/echo-site/ fi les/swd_2017_176_overview_of_risks_2.pdf [9] http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/? uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2016.070.01.0001.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2016:070:TOC 8
  9. 9. EU engagement with international partners EU counter-terrorism strategy needs to operate on a global scale Interaction between EU and third countries includes: - high-level political dialogues - adoption of cooperation clauses and agreements, or speci fi c assistance - capacity-building projects with strategic countries • Cooperation with international and regional organisations: international consensus and standards for fi ghting terrorism • Examples: UN, Global Counter Terrorism Forum, Council of Europe, OSCE, League of Arab States and the Organisation for Islamic Cooperation • Following UN Security Council resolutions, the EU has adopted restrictive measures against persons or entities associated with the Al-Qaeda network [10] [10] https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/ 91830bad-9e0f-11e4-872e-01aa75ed71a1/language-en 9
  10. 10. Role of EU authorities and agencies • European Commission [11] • European Parliament (LIBE Committee) [12] • European Council [13] • EUROPOL and EUROJUST [14] and • Counter Terrorism Coordinator [15] [11] https://ec.europa.eu/home-a ff airs/what-we-do/policies/crisis-and-terrorism_en [12] http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2017/583124/ IPOL_STU(2017)583124_EN.pdf [13] http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/ fi ght-against-terrorism/ [14] http://www.eurojust.europa.eu/press/Documents/2018-06-20_DECLARATION%20FR- DE-ES-BE_ENGLISH.pdf [15] http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/ fi ght-against-terrorism/counter-terrorism- coordinator/ 10

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