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Role of Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet in the prevention of life style disorders.

This PPt includes critical review of Brahmi Muhurta and its importance in prevention of life style disorders

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Role of Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet in the prevention of life style disorders.

  1. 1. Role of “Bhrahmi Muhurte Uttishtet” in the prevention of Life style disorders Dr. Ashwini A. Nimbal Associate Professor & Head of the Dept. Kriya Shareera BLDEA’s AVS Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya Vijayapur, Karnataka.
  2. 2. Introduction  Main aim of Aayu is to achieve Purushartha Chatushtayas.  In the current scenario rate of Life style disorders are considerably increasing.  Following Dinacharya (daily regimens) plays an important role in the prevention of life style disorders.
  3. 3.  Dinacharya which starts with Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet, a special auspicious time for getting up from the bed which is last part of night i.e time just prior to sunrise. “Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet Swastho Rakshartham Aayushyah”
  4. 4. Critical review on ‘Bramhi Muhurthe Uttishtet’.  To analyze the role of ‘Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet’ in the prevention of life style disorders. Aims and Objectives
  5. 5.  Ayurveda explains many concepts under Dinachary which starts with the ‘Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet’ (special auspicious time for getting up from the bed) for acquiring health and longevity.  Brahmi Muhurta means opt time to get Brahma Jnyan or eternal knowledge. Review of literature
  6. 6. • Significant time of Brahmi Muhurta:  Acc. to Hemadri it is considered as last part of night i.e time just prior to sunrise.  Acc. to Sarvanga Sundari commentery, the beginning of the 14thmuhurta of night is to be considered as Braahmi- Muhurta. It begins at dawn; it is the penultimate Muhurta of night. Thus the healthy individual may get up two Muhurtas i.e.96 minutes (=almost 1.5hrs) before sunrise.
  7. 7.  Commenting on this Acharya Charaka while explaining the Adhyayanavidhi explained that it is important for a scholar to get up early in the morning and says that one should get up during Upavyusha i.e, when still there is a part of Ratri is left which is nothing but Brahmi Muhurta.  According to Yogaratnakar, Brahmi Muhurta is 2 hrs before sunrise  Acharya Srikantamurti considered as last 3 hrs of the night (3am-6am) is the period of Brahmi Muhurta.
  8. 8. BhavaPrakasha Yogaratnakara • Prathamakhanda5/15 Dinacharyaprakaranam  Stresses the importance of remembering god Madhusudhan after getting up at Brahmimuhurta to protect Aayu.  The author also tells us to touch and see some auspicious substances like Dadhi, Ghrita, Darpana, Sarshapa, Bilwa, Gorochana, and Pushpamala and for longavity Acharya tells to see the face in Grhita followed by remaining regimens. Of Dinacharya
  9. 9. • Precauations while rising in Brahmi Muhurte Ashtang Sangrah states that before waking up in the morning, one should assure proper digestion of food taken in the last night. • Contraindications: Unhealthy persons Children Pregnant woman Aged persons
  10. 10. • Importance of Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet: Every person in this world must have heard the famous saying that, “Early to bed early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise” (Benjamin Franklin). He has also quoted a saying “The early morning has gold in its mouth” This saying is time tested and very much acceptable fact worldly wide.
  11. 11. • “Brahme Muhurte Uttishtet Swastho Rakshrtham Aayushayah”. A person who is interested in preserving the health, longevity and to avoid Vyadhi and Alakshmi (poverty) one should get up early in the morning in Brahmi Muhurta. but a person with diseases should sleep for maintaining the Dhatusamyata.
  12. 12. Susrutasamhita’s Rutus in Dinacharya • Begining of the day - Vasanta Rutu, • Midday - Grishma Rutu • Last part of day - Pravrit Rutu • First part of night - Varsha Rutu, • Mid night - Sharad Rutu and • Pratyusha (last part of the night): Hemant Rutu where the Bala is seen as highest. So it is always better to get up in a time when the Bala is Uttama, than Vasanta Rutu dominated time, where Kapha Prakopa is seen.
  13. 13. Discussion • There is a difference of opinion regarding Brahmi Muhurta. The interpretation can be made that it starts from 2 Muhurtas i.e.96 min or 1.5 hrs before sunrise irrespective of Rutus. According to today’s era, time between 4am to 6am is said to be Brahmi Muhurta. • According to Sushruta this time is also called as Ámruta vela” (nectar time).
  14. 14. • The atmosphere is not polluted by the radiations of worldly feelings. Their pure mental rays pervade all over the world and make the time sacred.. • There is one more beneficial statement “Aarogyam Bhaskaradischet” which means health is got from the sun, so one should get up early in the morning before sunrise which supports the Brahmi Muhurte Uttishtet. Vitamin E and vitamin D are found in abundant quantity in early morning sun’s ultraviolet rays.
  15. 15. • Early morning is Vata dominating period. • Is helpful in promoting body movements both internal and external and thus helps in easy evacuation of bowel as constipation is the major cause for many life style disorders.
  16. 16. • Getting up in the Bhramhi Muhurta also helps for excellent performance of Physical activities such as exercises, Yogasanas and even meditation as this time is dominated by Vatadosha and regular practice of these activities scientifically proved effective in the prevention of life style disorders by providing physical and mental relaxation.
  17. 17. • The circadian rhythm has been studied in vast details by biologists and physiologists and probably this period is associated with hormonal changes conductive to blossoming of mind. • Liberation of nascent oxygen which easily mixes with haemoglobin forming oxyhaemoglobin reaches to remote tissues and increases energy levels by restoring elasticity and permeability of the cell membranes and also it helps to neutralize toxic acids (gastrointestinal, respiratory and metabolic acids) thus it helps to maintain balance of blood PH.
  18. 18. • Heightens concentration by providing nascent oxygen and ionic selenium to the brain, heart and kidneys and also it enhances the memory by removing acidity. • Enhances the absorption of vitamins, minerals, proteins and other important nutrients by keeping the intestinal villi clean and alkaline.
  19. 19. Disadvantages of getting up late in the morning: • After six in the morning Kapha dominance is seen. • So people who get up in Kapha Kala tend to be dominated by Tamoguna throughout the day. Mind and body will be inactive owing to the influence of Kaphadosha. • Bowel movements tend to be sluggish under the influence of Kapha.
  20. 20. • After sunrise people awake and the materialistic mental radiations are emitted through their physical senses, dragging themselves to materialistic discussions. • Foetid smell in mouth, constipation, indigestion, laziness, obesity, eye diseases and many kind of life style disorders arises just because of getting up late in the morning.
  21. 21. • This regimen is applicable for healthy person for preservation of health and longevity. • Brahmi Muhurta is the setting of the biological clock of our life or the body. • Several changes in physical, chemical and biological atmosphere at around this time, which probably catalyses spiritual blossoming of an individual. • At this time there is positive flow of energy and mental faculties are at their highest. By rising at this time the body can synchronise with the rhythm of sun. conclusion
  22. 22. • These biological and psychological parameters reveals a lot of new insights in the interrelationship of man and the universe. • The cheerful atmosphere does have an effect on body and mind. Everyone should get up in the Bramhi Muhurta and try to take benefit of this and also can avoid many life style disorders for which not following the Dinacharyas properly is the root cause.
  23. 23. Bibilographic references: • Ashtang Hridaya Sarvang Sundari commentary by, Prof. P.V. Sharma, Sutrastana 2/1 pg.no. 24, Choukambha orientalia Varanasi. • Charak Samhita Vidyotini Tika, Viman Stana 8/7,Pg. No. 737, Choukambha Bharati Accadamy Ed.2001 • Yogaratnakar with Vaidyaprabha Hindi commentary Dr. Indradev Tripathi and Dr.Dayashankar Tripathi, Nityapravrutti prakarana 3rd shloka,Choukambha Sanskrit series officevaranasi Ed.2007
  24. 24. • Bhavaprakasha Prathama Khanda by Bhavamishra, 5/16, Pg.no. 109, Choukambha Sanskrit Sansthana Varanasi • Ashtang Sangraha, Hindi commentary, by Kaviraj Atrideva Gupta, Sutrastana 3/2, pg.no. 19, Choukambha Krishnadasa academy Varanasi. • Sushruta Samhita Poorvardha by Dr. Ambikadatta Shastri, Sutrastan 6/16, Pg. No. 30, Choukambha Sanskrit Sanstana Varanasi, Ed. 2014.
  25. 25. Thank you