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European mooc strategies: strength in diversity

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Presentation held by EADTU/Darco Jansen at EMOOCs2015, Mons, Belgium 19 May 2015

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European mooc strategies: strength in diversity

  1. 1. European MOOC strategies: strength in diversity? Darco Jansen EMOOCs2015, 19May
  2. 2. MOOC movement dominated by the US •MOOCs: predominantly US -where it all started as of 2011 and expanded massively -and which houses major providers Coursera, edX, Udacity •Response in Europe is fragmented - some universities joined US initiatives, others started themselves - country/language-based platforms: FutureLearn (UK), MiríadaX, UNEDcoma (Spain), Iversity (Germany), FUN (France), OpenMOOC, OpenClassroom, EMMA-platform, MOODle, ... •Governmental involvement: e.g. Opening up Slovenia, FUN, …
  3. 3. MOOCs collaboration in Europe •EU launch (Sept 2013): Opening up Education • Two major goals • Innovate teaching and learning for all through ICT • Reshape / modernize EU education through OER (for all educational sectors and levels) •EU-funded projects on MOOCs (from 2014…) MOOCs for Web Skills
  4. 4. http://hechingerreport.org/californias-multi-million-dollar-online- education-flop-is-another-blow-for-moocs/
  5. 5. Gaebel, M., Kupriyanova, V., Morais, R. & Colucci, E. (2014). E-learning in European Higher Education Institutions: Results of a mapping survey conducted in October-December 2013. http://www.eua.be/Libraries/Publication/e-learning_survey.sflb.ashx Allen, I.E. and Seaman. J. (2015). Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States. Babson Survey Research Group and Quahog Research Group. http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradelevel.pdf
  6. 6. Jansen, D. & Schuwer, R. (2015). Institutional MOOC strategies in Europe Status report based on a mapping survey conducted in October - December 2014. EADTU – HOME project http:// www.eadtu.eu/documents/Publica
  7. 7. MOOC offering •In the US the number of institutions having a MOOC or planning to introduce them has decreased from 14,3% (2013) to 13,6% (2014) •In Europe it has increased from about 58% in EUA study (2013) to 71,7% in HOME study (2014) EUA statement : “interest in MOOCs has far from peaked in Europe” is simply true
  8. 8. http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu/nl/european_scoreboard_moocs 33% 47%37% 44%31%
  9. 9. http://openeducationeuropa.eu/sites/default/files/images/scoreboard/Scoreboard_April_2015.png
  10. 10. Biases in the surveys •The US surveys (US 2013 and US 2014) are biased to the large institutions •The EAU study is biased in favour of institutions involved in e- learning. •The EU-2014 study (EADTU/HOME) is biased to those institutions interested in MOOCs. •All biased about what’s a MOOC. They decide themselves what’s a MOOC !
  11. 11. Source: SURF 2014 Open Education Trend Report.
  12. 12. Definition MOOCs •Proposal by EU-funded MOOCs projects: MOOCs are online courses designed for large numbers of participants, that can be accessed by anyone anywhere as long as they have an internet connection, are open to everyone without entry qualifications, and offer a full/complete course experience online for free •Recently validated by survey “Institutional MOOC strategies in Europe” •Wikipedia: A massive open online course (MOOC) is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials such as videos, readings, and problem sets, MOOCs provide interactive user forums that help build a community for students, professors, and teaching assistants http://www.openuped.eu/images/docs/Definition_Massive_Open_Online_Courses.pdf
  13. 13. http://www.katyjordan.com/MOOCproject.html MOOC are massive; record was 226.652 ‘participants’
  14. 14. http://www.bbc.com/news/education- 32721056 MOOC are massive: new record > 370.000
  15. 15. But relatively the record holder is a Lithuanian MOOC Number of speakers (L1 + L2) • English : 1200 million • Lithuanian : 4,5 million • Slovenian: 2,8 million Number of enrollments • Record English : 370.000 -> 0,0308% • Record Lithuanian : 2009 -> 0,0446% • Upcoming Slovenia MOOC record if number of participants > 1249
  16. 16. Lithuanian MOOC: Information Technologies By Kaunas University of Technology, partner of • Started 31 October 2014, duration 6 weeks • Own platform (Moodle based) Participants: • enrollments: 2009 • participants in the first week:1450 (72%) • participants that completed the MOOC: 625 (31%) • with a formal certificate (to be paid for): 307 (16%)
  17. 17. Examples MOOC certificates •Iversity • Certificate of Accomplishment • Certificate Supplement • Certificate Track (with a final graded course project) •Coursera • Verified certificates • Specialization certificate by doing Capstone project (only after several verified certificates) •EdX • honor code certificates of achievement • verified certificates of achievement • XSeries certificates of achievement. •Future Learn • Statement of Participation • Statement of Attainment
  18. 18. http://poetsandquants.com/2015/05/06/coursera-ceo-employers- recognizing-the-value-of-online-learning/3/
  19. 19. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/mooc-test- agreement-between-futurelearn-and-pearson/2020145.article
  20. 20. Costs for participants, per MOOC FutureLearn: £110 Coursera: varies, typical $50 - $100 But not part of a formal qualification from a University
  21. 21. Costs for full-time students per credit Annual tuition costs students • UK: £9000 a year • Belgium: €835 • Germany: €0 a year Completing 15 ECTS each year • UK: £600 per ECTS • Belgium: €56 per ECTS • Germany: €0 per ECTS MOOC typically between 1 and 4 ECTS
  22. 22. http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eurydice/documents/facts_and_figures/fees_support.pdf
  23. 23. MOOCs are an alternative for full-time students UK, US, … But MOOCs are too expensive for full-time students in Europe (outside UK) Are MOOCs mainly a solution - for part-time students? - for CPD?
  24. 24. http://blog.openclassrooms.com/2015/04/french- president-hollande-announces-unlimited-access-to- openclassrooms-for-all-jobseekers/
  25. 25. Reflections on MOOCs (survey HOME / EADTU) •European institution more involved in MOOCs than the US •The number of European institutions with MOOC involvement is increasing •MOOCs are perceived as a sustainable method for offering courses in Europe. •In Europe the institutions are increasingly developing a positive attitude to MOOCs and have positive experiences for the added values of MOOCs. •Most dominant objective in all studies is to increase institutional visibility and using MOOCs for reputation reasons. •In the US using MOOCs for student recruitment is seen as the most important primary objective of institutions, while in Europe it is rather to reach new students and creating flexible learning opportunities
  26. 26. http://econ.st/1yrDHlV
  27. 27. Europe must “seize this moment” The “Porto Declaration on European MOOCs” - embracement of openness for all - a collective European response - strengthening of collaboration of universities across Europe. It is essential that a cohesive and collaborative effort is adopted in Europe to counteract the risks and to fully realise the opportunities of open and online education (including equity, inclusion, etc.)
  28. 28. Diversity as a strength? “When I see the cultural diversity that exists today, I feel that we must defend it, and we need Europe, because otherwise we are going to live in a society with a single model, the Anglo-American model.” Jean-Pierre Raffarin “Diversity: the art of thinking independently together.” Malcolm Forbes “It is difference of opinion that makes horse races.” Mark Twain
  29. 29.  Decentralised model for MOOC platforms (ECO, OpenupEd)  Central platform supporting many languages (EMMA)  Translation / language services (EMMA)  Developing additional pedagogical&didactical approaches (e.g., sMOOC)  Quality label for MOOCS embracing diversity in approaches (OpenupEd)  Training teachers and others in developing MOOCs (ECO)  Questionnaire for MOOC participants including intention, motivation, impact (MOOCKnowlegde)  Benchmarking institutional and governmental MOOC strategies (HOME)  Building on expert networks (HOME)  Regional support centres for open education and MOOCs (SCORE2020)  Removing barriers to learning both at the entry into learning and along the learning path  Focusing on inclusion, social mobility, equity
  30. 30. Using diversity as a strength! Many European platforms and many MOOC service providers Developing a ‘framework’ for cohesive and collaborative effort Pro-active coordination for diverse MOOCs services for all Embrace different solutions – objectives – target groups – pedagogical approaches – languages – etc.
  31. 31. Thank you!!! Darco.Jansen@eadtu.eu Coordinator Coordinator