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Bus Depot Design
Guidelines
SGArchitects
November, 2016
The need …..
CURRENT SCENARIO
• STUs carry approx. 70 million passengers everyday
• 20 to 40% of all vehicular trips in ci...
Methodology
Literature
Review
Local Case
Studies
Target
Audience
Local Case Studies
• Okhla Depot, Delhi
• Kair Depot, Del...
Understanding
Operations Infrastructure
MANPOWER
FLEET
DEPOT STAFF CREW
PARKING WORKSHOP WASHING FUELING
• Admin
office
• ...
Content Depot Design Guideline
• Planning
• Design Aspects
• Design Illustrations
• Financing
Demand
• Fleet
Size
Function...
Planning Functional Requirements
A
B
In shedding Process
Conductor
Driver
C
D
Conductor
Driver
Out shedding Process
Driver and Conductor Activities
In shedding Process
(Conductors and Drivers )
Out shedding Process
(Conductors and Drivers...
Planning Site planning
Bus Parking
Fueling
Washing
Workshop
ExitEntry
Design Aspects Design Considerations
• Differently Abled Access
• Security
• Material and Finishes
• Building Systems
• Gr...
Design Aspects Design Standards
• Entry and Exit
• Parking
• Fuelling
• Washing
• Workshop
• Storage areas
Bus Parking Bay...
Design Aspects Functional & Spatial Requirements
• Entry and Exit
• Parking
• Fuelling
• Washing
• Workshop
• Storage area...
Chandigarh Bus Depot
Bagrana Bus Depot, Jaipur
Ready Reckoner
Financing Depots
Funding Mechanism
•Authority acquires land, provides specifications for the design and layout of the Bus ...
Findings
0
50
100
150
200
250
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
AreaperBus(Sqm)
Number of Buses
-
5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30....
Prochain SlideShare
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Bus Karo: Bus Depot Design Guideline (Session VII)

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Bus Karo: Bus Depot Design Guideline (Session VII)

  1. 1. Bus Depot Design Guidelines SGArchitects November, 2016
  2. 2. The need ….. CURRENT SCENARIO • STUs carry approx. 70 million passengers everyday • 20 to 40% of all vehicular trips in cities are made by buses • Public bus fleets haven’t been augmented for two decades • Ridership declining rapidly due to acute shortage in fleet and supporting infrastructure like terminals & depots DESIRED SITUATION • Double the market share of bus systems by 2025 (UITP) KEY BARRIERS • The limited funding available is mostly directed towards fleet augmentation – support infrastructure ignored • Lack of capacity in STUs leading to improper planning and execution of PPP projects ‘Bus Depot Design Guideline’ aimed to provide capacity building support to STUs
  3. 3. Methodology Literature Review Local Case Studies Target Audience Local Case Studies • Okhla Depot, Delhi • Kair Depot, Delhi • Sanganer Depot, Jaipur • Depot No.2, Chandigarh • Bagrana Depot, Jaipur
  4. 4. Understanding Operations Infrastructure MANPOWER FLEET DEPOT STAFF CREW PARKING WORKSHOP WASHING FUELING • Admin office • Staff Room • Staff Amenities • Maintenance schedule • Staff assignment • MIS • Built-up • Equipment • Circulation • Materials MANPOWER FLEET DEPOT STAFF CREW PARKING WORKSHOP WASHING FUELING • Way Bill • Ticket Machines • Cash Receipt
  5. 5. Content Depot Design Guideline • Planning • Design Aspects • Design Illustrations • Financing Demand • Fleet Size Functional Requirements • Manpower • Infra. • Preventive Maint. • Breakdown • Unit Area Requirement • Layout • Circulation Functional Area Requirement Site Layout, Area & Cost Requirement
  6. 6. Planning Functional Requirements A B In shedding Process Conductor Driver C D Conductor Driver Out shedding Process
  7. 7. Driver and Conductor Activities In shedding Process (Conductors and Drivers ) Out shedding Process (Conductors and Drivers )
  8. 8. Planning Site planning Bus Parking Fueling Washing Workshop ExitEntry
  9. 9. Design Aspects Design Considerations • Differently Abled Access • Security • Material and Finishes • Building Systems • Green Concepts • Equipment's and specifications Building systems and Green Concepts Equipment's Workshop Equipment's Prefabricated Pits Diaphragm Pumps Air Compressor Wheel Alignment Machine Washing Equipment Fueling Equipment
  10. 10. Design Aspects Design Standards • Entry and Exit • Parking • Fuelling • Washing • Workshop • Storage areas Bus Parking Bay Detail Fueling Area Detail Washing Area Detail
  11. 11. Design Aspects Functional & Spatial Requirements • Entry and Exit • Parking • Fuelling • Washing • Workshop • Storage areas Fueling area Avg. time/bus for fueling / dispenser (min) No. of buses / hour/dispenser Daily working hours Catering capacity/ dispenser (for 8 hrs.) (a) No. of dispensers required for diesel buses [per 100 buses] (total buses/a) 5min 12 buses 8hrs 96 buses 100 / 96 = 1 Dispenser Island area 2 sq.m (2m x 1m) [Minimum] Other requirements for fueling area Particulars Area Administration Office 12 sq.m Staff Office 15 sq.m Toilet 9 sq.m Storage 20 sq.m Underground tank Capacity (100 buses) 13200 gallons Total km/bus/day 240 km Litre consume/day/bus 160 litre Functional & Spatial Requirements for Fueling area is provided in tabular format with diagram
  12. 12. Chandigarh Bus Depot
  13. 13. Bagrana Bus Depot, Jaipur
  14. 14. Ready Reckoner
  15. 15. Financing Depots Funding Mechanism •Authority acquires land, provides specifications for the design and layout of the Bus Depot, FAR, product mix •Hires a private player to construct the BD, operate it over the concession period and then transfer it to the Authority •Construction and operational costs borne by private player, revenues accrue to the private player BOT model Cost and Revenue Generation.  Land as an Asset – Commercial Spaces, Parking lots, Parking rentals from the private operators.  Revised Institutional arrangements - Creation of dedicated Depot funds through SPV  Reducing tax burdens such as relaxation on property tax etc.  Controlling prodigality through depot operations – Reducing Cost of operations, Dead Mileages,  Increasing fuel Efficiency and Inducing driver trainings Build Operate Transfer(BOT)Private Funding Public funding Concession Period – 25 -30 years  STU sole funder, operator &Developer  Involves long technical O&M Component  Lack Of funds and support  Lack of attractiveness
  16. 16. Findings 0 50 100 150 200 250 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 AreaperBus(Sqm) Number of Buses - 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 DevelopmentCostPerBus(Lakhs) Number of Buses • Depot capacity < 80 - 100, is operationally, spatially and financially inefficient - similarly, capacity >200 – 220 does not yield higher efficiency • Urban plans should incorporate land requirements for depot support infrastructure based on projected fleet – 150 sqm per bus for depot and 100 sqm per bus for terminals • Multi-level bus parking not feasible for less than 200 buses • Per bus area requirement reduces by 50% to 80sqm with MLBP but per bus cost triples to 24 lakh. • Per bus value of land released may vary from 33lakh to 1 crore. • Adjusting existing demand on MLBP in high value land – development cost can be fully funded by released land sale.

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