ETHNIC HISTORY .pptx

HMC 13
Ethnic Groups In The Philippines
What is Ethnic History?
• Ethnic history is a branch of social history that studies
ethnic groups and immigrants. –Wikipedia.org
Ethnic is derived from the Greek word ethnos (more precisely, from the adjective
ethnikos, which was loaned into Latin as ethnicus). The inherited English language
term for this concept is folk, used alongside the latinate people since the late
Middle English period.
 Ethnicity is defined as someone's cultural background or where they came from.
The Philippines is in fact up of a tapestry of ethnic groups, each at one point
independent kingdoms and chieftaincies. The unity of these Philippine ethnic
groups saw the overthrow of colonizers, namely Spain and America, through
armed revolution and active participation in lawmaking respectively.
Ethnic Groups In The Philippines
• The Philippine islands are inhabited by number of
different ethnic groups.
• The majority of the population is composed of
ethnolinguistic groups whose languages are
Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) in origin.
• Many of these groups converted to Christianity, and
adopted many foreign elements of culture.
• These ethnic groups include the Cebuano, Ilocano,
Pangasinense, Kapampangan, Tagalog, Bicolano,
and Waray.
From Wikipedia, the
free encyclopedia
In Mindanao
 there are people who practice Islam. The Spanish called them Moros
after the Moors. In some highland areas of Mindanao, there are
mountain-dwelling ethnic groups collectively known as lumad.
Lumad people do not practice Islam, and maintain their animistic
beliefs and traditions.
The Lumad are a group of Austronesian indigenous people in the
southern Philippines. It is a Cebuano term meaning "native" or "indigenous".
The term is short for Katawhang Lumad (Literally: "indigenous people"), the
autonym officially adopted by the delegates of the Lumad Mindanao Peoples
Federation (LMPF) founding assembly on 26 June 1986 at the Guadalupe
Formation Center, Balindog, Kidapawan, Cotabato, Philippines. Usage of the
term was accepted in Philippine jurisprudence when President Corazon Aquino
signed into law Republic Act 6734, where the word was used in Art. XIII sec. 8(2)
to distinguish Lumad ethnic communities from the Bangsamoro.
Women in traditional Manobo attire
during the Kaamulan Festival of
Bukidnon
• The Negrito are a pre-Mongoloid people who migrated from mainland Asia and
were one of the earliest human beings to settle the Philippines, around 30,000
years ago.
• The Negrito population are estimated to number around 30,000.
• Their tribal groups include the Ati, and the Aeta. Their ways of life remain
mostly free from Western and Islamic influences. Scholars study them to try to
understand pre-Hispanic culture.
The Ati are a Negrito ethnic group in the Visayas, the central portion of the
Philippine archipelago. Their small numbers are principally concentrated in the islands of
Boracay, Panay and Negros.
An Ati woman in
Kalibo on Panay,
Philippines
The Aeta, Agta, or Dumagat, are collective terms for several
Filipino indigenous peoples who live in various parts of the island of
Luzon in the Philippines.
Aeta Community in Morong, Bataan
They are considered to be part of the Negrito ethnic groups and share
common physical characteristics of dark skin tones, short statures, curly to
Afro-textured hair, and a higher frequency of naturally lighter hair color
(blondish) relative to the general population.
• Most Filipinos are part of the Austronesian group, a group of
Malayo-Polynesian speaking people often known as Malay
race.
• Other ethnic groups form a minority in the Philippine
population. These include those of Spanish, American,
Chinese, Europeans, and other ethnic groups from other
countries. Mixed-race individuals are known as Filipino
mestizo.
•There are 134 ethnic groups in the Philippines, the
majority of which are indigenous, though much of the overall
Philippine population is constituted by only 8-10 lowland
ethnic groups.
The ancestral record of Philippine National Hero José
Rizal includes Austronesian, Japanese, Chinese, and
Spanish blood.
Activity 1
• List atleast 10 Ethnic groups in the Philippines and where
they are located.
Note: Upload your answer in the SILIDLMS in word or pdf form.
1 sur 7

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ETHNIC HISTORY .pptx

  • 1. HMC 13 Ethnic Groups In The Philippines
  • 2. What is Ethnic History? • Ethnic history is a branch of social history that studies ethnic groups and immigrants. –Wikipedia.org Ethnic is derived from the Greek word ethnos (more precisely, from the adjective ethnikos, which was loaned into Latin as ethnicus). The inherited English language term for this concept is folk, used alongside the latinate people since the late Middle English period.  Ethnicity is defined as someone's cultural background or where they came from. The Philippines is in fact up of a tapestry of ethnic groups, each at one point independent kingdoms and chieftaincies. The unity of these Philippine ethnic groups saw the overthrow of colonizers, namely Spain and America, through armed revolution and active participation in lawmaking respectively.
  • 3. Ethnic Groups In The Philippines • The Philippine islands are inhabited by number of different ethnic groups. • The majority of the population is composed of ethnolinguistic groups whose languages are Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) in origin. • Many of these groups converted to Christianity, and adopted many foreign elements of culture. • These ethnic groups include the Cebuano, Ilocano, Pangasinense, Kapampangan, Tagalog, Bicolano, and Waray. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • 4. In Mindanao  there are people who practice Islam. The Spanish called them Moros after the Moors. In some highland areas of Mindanao, there are mountain-dwelling ethnic groups collectively known as lumad. Lumad people do not practice Islam, and maintain their animistic beliefs and traditions. The Lumad are a group of Austronesian indigenous people in the southern Philippines. It is a Cebuano term meaning "native" or "indigenous". The term is short for Katawhang Lumad (Literally: "indigenous people"), the autonym officially adopted by the delegates of the Lumad Mindanao Peoples Federation (LMPF) founding assembly on 26 June 1986 at the Guadalupe Formation Center, Balindog, Kidapawan, Cotabato, Philippines. Usage of the term was accepted in Philippine jurisprudence when President Corazon Aquino signed into law Republic Act 6734, where the word was used in Art. XIII sec. 8(2) to distinguish Lumad ethnic communities from the Bangsamoro. Women in traditional Manobo attire during the Kaamulan Festival of Bukidnon
  • 5. • The Negrito are a pre-Mongoloid people who migrated from mainland Asia and were one of the earliest human beings to settle the Philippines, around 30,000 years ago. • The Negrito population are estimated to number around 30,000. • Their tribal groups include the Ati, and the Aeta. Their ways of life remain mostly free from Western and Islamic influences. Scholars study them to try to understand pre-Hispanic culture. The Ati are a Negrito ethnic group in the Visayas, the central portion of the Philippine archipelago. Their small numbers are principally concentrated in the islands of Boracay, Panay and Negros. An Ati woman in Kalibo on Panay, Philippines The Aeta, Agta, or Dumagat, are collective terms for several Filipino indigenous peoples who live in various parts of the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Aeta Community in Morong, Bataan They are considered to be part of the Negrito ethnic groups and share common physical characteristics of dark skin tones, short statures, curly to Afro-textured hair, and a higher frequency of naturally lighter hair color (blondish) relative to the general population.
  • 6. • Most Filipinos are part of the Austronesian group, a group of Malayo-Polynesian speaking people often known as Malay race. • Other ethnic groups form a minority in the Philippine population. These include those of Spanish, American, Chinese, Europeans, and other ethnic groups from other countries. Mixed-race individuals are known as Filipino mestizo. •There are 134 ethnic groups in the Philippines, the majority of which are indigenous, though much of the overall Philippine population is constituted by only 8-10 lowland ethnic groups. The ancestral record of Philippine National Hero José Rizal includes Austronesian, Japanese, Chinese, and Spanish blood.
  • 7. Activity 1 • List atleast 10 Ethnic groups in the Philippines and where they are located. Note: Upload your answer in the SILIDLMS in word or pdf form.