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I will do it 1

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I will do it 1

  1. 1. : A clause is a group of words which resembles phrase in doing the work of a single part of speech but unlike a phrase it has a subject and a predicate of its own. Clauses are of two kinds: Main clause and Su-ordinate clause. Main Clause: makes the main statement and can stand independently. e.g. Sheela is a rich woman. He is a clever boy.
  2. 2. A sub-ordinate clause A sub-ordinate clause : cannot stand alone but is dependent for its meaning on the main clause.  e.g. Although she is very rich she is very humble. She is humble is a main clause. Although she is very rich is a sub-ordinate clause.
  3. 3. Kinds of subordinate clauses  A subordinate clause does the work of a noun, an adjective or an adverb, and according to its function in the sentence it is classified as a noun clause, an adjective clause or an adverb clause.  1 When she will come is uncertain. Noun clause used as subject of the verb ‘is’  2 Tell me how you know this. Noun clause used as object of the verb’ tell’.
  4. 4.  3 The question is whether they reached the spot . Noun clause as subject complement.  4 The sentry who witnessed the incident gave full details adjective clause qualifying ‘sentry’.  5 This is the book which I bought yesterday. Adjective clause qualifying ‘book’.  6 If that is true, I repent. Adverb clause modifying ‘repent’  7 Though I saw it, I doubted it. Adverb clause modifying ‘doubted’.
  5. 5. Cont..  Note: Noun clauses and adverb clauses are introduced by sub-ordinate conjunctions ( when, how, whether ,if , though, etc)  Adjective clauses are introduced by relative pronouns (Who ,whom, whose which, that)  Noun clause: does the work of a noun. It can be;  The subject of a verb  The object of a verb  The object of a preposition.  In apposition to noun phrase.  The complement of a verb of incomplete predication.  It begins with that, how, when, where, whether, why
  6. 6. Cont..  That you are weak is your excuse .(subject)  He said that his brother was there. (object)  It all depends on how you look at it.( governed by preposition)  Your report that he stole your purse is baseless.  This is where I live.(complement of a verb) Adjective clause does the work of an adjective. It qualifies a noun or apronoun. It begins with one of the following words….. who, which, whom ,that, whose.  He who breaks the law shall be punished.  This is the man whom I met yesterday.
  7. 7. Adverb clause  ADVERB CLAUSE: does the work an adverb. Modifies a verb, an adjective and an adverb.  I reached the station as soon as the train arrived.  The Adverb classes 8 kinds:  1.Reason: Ex: He failed because he did not work hard.  2.Condition:Ex: You cannot pass unless you work hard.  3.Time: Ex: The train arrive when I reached the station.  4. Place: Ex: We will meet where we met yesterday.  5. Consequence(result or purpose): Ex: He worked so hard that he fell ill.
  8. 8. Cont..  6. Manner: Ex: He has not done the work as I have asked him to do.  7. Degree of comparison: Ex: He writes more quickly than I do.  8. Concession: Ex: Though he worked hard he failed.  Note:1. Reason begins with because, as, since etc  2.Condition begins with if, unless etc.  3.Time begins with when, till etc.  4. Place begins with where.  5. Consequence begins with that.  6. Manner begins with as  7. Degree begins with than.  8.Concession begins with though, although.