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10. Forage Soybeans - Clare Kinlin, Lenny Van Loon & Nick Thurler

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How to make & feed whole plant quality soybean silage and what are the economics.

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10. Forage Soybeans - Clare Kinlin, Lenny Van Loon & Nick Thurler

  1. 1. Forage Soybeans LennyVanLoon Clare Kinlin NickThurler
  2. 2. MacEwen Agricentre Inc • Independent Ag Retailer from Eastern Ontario • 30 + years Family own Business
  3. 3. Thurler Farms 3 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  4. 4. Forage Soybeans •Goal • To Demonstrate the value & the risks involved in growing soybeans as a forage source •Objectives • The Agronomics needed to grow a high yielding forage soybeans for forage • The feed value & management necessary to maximize the forage value • Farmer perspective needed to grow soybeans for forage 4 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  5. 5. Why Grow Forage Soybeans? • Not very good of growing Alfalfa • Land Cost • Labour shortage & cost • Increase in Bunk Feed • Late spring (Need Feed) 5 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  6. 6. Agronomics for Forage Soybeans • Variety Selection • Maturity • Disease • Row width • SeedTreatments • Foliage • Not Soybeans 6 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  7. 7. Agronomics for Forage Soybeans • RowWidth • Narrow • Seeding Rates • Tend to get heavy 7 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  8. 8. Agronomics for Forage Soybeans • FieldVariability • Need Uniformity • Planting Date • Seedbed • Soil condition 8 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  9. 9. Factors Effecting Uniformity 9 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  10. 10. Agronomics for Forage Soybeans • Disease Control • Plant Health • White Mold 10 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  11. 11. White Mold 11 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  12. 12. White Mold Staging 12 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  13. 13. Key Dates for Forage Soybeans 13 2/7/2018 Add a footer Disease Suppression HarvestTiming
  14. 14. Agronomics Summary • Variety Selection • Growing Forage not Soybeans • Disease Control • Understanding Crop Development. 14 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  15. 15. Penn States Forage Beans Sample #1 Sample #2 Ideal Top 6 % 7 % 10 % Middle 65 % 63 % 65 % Bottom 29 % 31 % 25 % 15 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  16. 16. Bunk Density Forage Type Bunk Density (lbs/cubic ft) Forage Beans 17.5 Haylage 14.5 16 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  17. 17. Chart Comparing Acid Levels in Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut HaylageVFA Latic Acid (%) Acetic Acid (%) 1st Cut Haylage Average 4.18 2.48 2nd Cut Haylage Average 3.92 2.24 Forage Beans Average 5.7 2.6 2016 Legume Alfalfa 4.1 3.6 17 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  18. 18. Graph Comparing Acid Levels in Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut HaylageVFA 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 LACTIC ACID ACETIC ACID Percent(%) 1st Cut 2nd Cut Forage Beans 2016 Legume Alfalfa 18 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  19. 19. Chart Comparing Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage Dry Matter (%) Potential Digestibility (%) Protein (%) Ash (%) 1st Cut Haylage Average 43.99 74.80 17.24 9.69 2nd Cut Haylage Average 46.31 76.61 17.91 10.05 Forage Beans Average 44.8 78.53 21.77 10.23 2016 Legume Alfalfa 44.5 80.5 21.60 10.2 19 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  20. 20. Graph Comparing Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 90.00 DRY MATTER POTENTIAL DIGESTIBILITY PROTEIN ASH Percent(%) 1st Cut 2nd Cut Forage Beans 2016 Legume Alfalfa 20 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  21. 21. Chart Comparing EnergyValues Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage Gain Energy Maintenance Energy Net Energy of Lactation (MJ/KG) Crude Fat (%) 1st Cut Haylage Average 2.45 5.33 5.13 3.21 2nd Cut Haylage Average 2.53 5.38 5.18 3.15 Forage Beans Average 2.64 5.44 5.23 3.37 2016 Legume Alfalfa 2.68 5.41 5.22 3.1 21 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  22. 22. Graph Comparing EnergyValues Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 GAIN ENERGY MAINT. ENERGY NET ENERGY LACTATION (MJ/KG) CRUDE FAT NIR 1st Cut 2nd Cut Forage Beans 2016 Legume Alfalfa 22 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  23. 23. Chart Comparing FibreValues of Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage ADF (%) IF (%) NDF (OM) (%) 1st Cut Haylage Average 36.42 53.14 49.35 2nd Cut Haylage Average 34.80 50.56 46.48 Forage Beans Average 33.0 42.63 36.97 2016 Legume Alfalfa 32.6 46.3 39.3 23 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  24. 24. Graph Comparing FibreValues of Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 ACID DETERGENT FIBER NIR IF NDF(OM) NIR 1st Cut 2nd Cut Forage Beans 2016 Legume Alfalfa 24 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  25. 25. Chart Comparing Minerals of Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage Calcium (%) Magnesium (%) Phosphorus (%) Potassium (%) 1st Cut Haylage Average 0.95 0.25 0.32 2.48 2nd Cut Haylage Average 1.02 0.26 0.33 2.52 Forage Beans Average 1.35 0.43 0.32 1.69 2016 Legume Alfalfa 1.35 0.27 0.32 2.58 25 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  26. 26. Graph Comparing Minerals of Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 *CALCIUM *MAGNESIUM *PHOSPHORUS *POTASSIUM Percent(%) 1st Cut 2nd Cut Forage Beans 2016 Legume Alfalfa 26 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  27. 27. Chart Comparing Fractions of Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage Fraction A (%) (Rapidly Degradable Protein) Fraction G (%) (Unavailable Fibre) Fraction B (%) (Unavailable Protein) K2 (%) (Rate of Degradation) 1st Cut Haylage Average 56.05 32.33 11.49 5.39 2nd Cut Haylage Average 53.71 33.23 11.69 5.53 Forage Beans Average 59.2 46.13 11.3 5.33 2016 Legume Alfalfa 54.0 36.0 8.7 4.7 Guide Lines Poor Quality > 60 Poor Quality > 20 Poor Quality > 6 27 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  28. 28. Graph Comparing Fractions of Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 A FRACTION G FRACTION B FRACTION K2 Percent(%) 1st Cut 2nd Cut Forage Beans 2016 Legume Alfalfa 28 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  29. 29. Chart Comparing Forage Quality in Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage Forage Quality Index Relative Feed Value 1st Cut Haylage Average 121.66 113.46 2nd Cut Haylage Average 126.09 122.60 Forage Beans Average 136 153 2016 Legume Alfalfa - 192 29 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  30. 30. Graph Comparing Forage Quality in Forage Beans and 1st and 2nd Cut Haylage 30 2/7/2018 Add a footer 0 50 100 150 200 250 Forage Quality Index Relative Feed Value 1st Cut Haylage 2nd Cut Forage Bean Average 2016 Legume Alfalfa
  31. 31. Conclusions • Forage Beans have higher protein than 1st and 2nd cut haylage 2017. • A fraction is higher in Forage Beans than in 1st and 2nd cut haylage 2017. • Bunk Density for forage beans is similar to that of corn silage. • Potential Digestibility of forage beans is comparable to 2016 alfalfa haylage. 31 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  32. 32. Thurler Farms 32 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  33. 33. Reasons for Switching to Forage Soybeans • Land • Winterkill • Reed Canary • Labour • Constancy of Feed • Nutrient Application • Cover Crop Opportunities • FeedValue Comparable to Alfalfa (Dry year/Wet year/ “Normal” year) 33 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  34. 34. Reasons for Switching to Forage Soybeans Land -Winterkill -Spring Flooding 34 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  35. 35. Reasons for Switching to Forage Soybeans Labour cost & efficiencies 35 2/9/2018 Add a footer x 3
  36. 36. Reasons for Switching to Forage Soybeans Reed Canary Yield & Constancy of Feed Dry orWetYear 36 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  37. 37. Reasons for Switching to Forage Soybeans Nutrient Application Cover Crop Opportunities 37 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  38. 38. Caution on switching to Forage Soybeans • Risk toWeather • Feed Bunks are empty at the same time • Shorter Crop Rotations • Nutrient Applicantion • Annual Input Cost • Seed, fungicides, 38 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  39. 39. Caution for Switching to Forage Soybeans Risk toWeather Feed Bunks Empty 39 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  40. 40. Caution for Switching to Forage Soybeans Nutrient Application -just 1 shot in fall Shorter Crop Rotation 40 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  41. 41. Caution for Switching to Forage Soybeans Annual Input Cost Soybean Seed vs Alfalfa Herbicides/Fungicides 41 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  42. 42. Forage Soybeans 42 2/7/2018 Add a footer
  43. 43. Harvesting Timing of Harvest Weather Risk Drying of crop Cutting Length Packing Bunk 43 2/9/2018 Add a footer
  44. 44. Forage Soybeans •Goal • To Demonstrate the value & the risks involved in growing soybeans as a forage source •Objectives • The Agronomics needed to grow a high yielding forage soybeans for forage • The feed value & management necessary to maximize the forage value • Farmer perspective needed to grow soybeans for forage 44 2/9/2018 Add a footer

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