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Psy final report

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FNBE APRIL INTAKE 2013
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PSYC0103
GROUP ONE (WEDNESDAY 3:00PM)
CHARACTERISTIC VS. APPERANCE

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ACKNOWLEGDEMENT
We, Cheong Siew Ying, Chia Wee Min, Peerun Bibi Ameerah, Mahiabdul Muhsin, Nawaz
Shareef and Voon Sze Lun ...
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Psy final report

  1. 1. FNBE APRIL INTAKE 2013 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PSYC0103 GROUP ONE (WEDNESDAY 3:00PM) CHARACTERISTIC VS. APPERANCE SUBMISSION DATE: 22 JANUARY 2014 MEMBER NAME: STUDENT ID CHEONG SIEW YING CHIA WEE MIN PEERUN BIBI AMEERAH MAHIABDUL MUHSIN NAWAZ SHAREEF VOON SZE LUN 0314618 0315186 0313939 0314421 0310405 0315032 0
  2. 2. ACKNOWLEGDEMENT We, Cheong Siew Ying, Chia Wee Min, Peerun Bibi Ameerah, Mahiabdul Muhsin, Nawaz Shareef and Voon Sze Lun have taken efforts in this project. However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals and organizations. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to all of them. We are highly indebted to our lecture, Chia Yee Peng for her guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the project and for her support in completing the project through this semester. Your opinions and instruction were precious. Thank You! Moreover, we want to thank all classmates and online participants. We would like to thank Akshay Ramlalawon who advises us in designing the survey, formulating the questions and appropriate answers in a logical way. Furthermore, thanks to Nushrat Jahan, Abdool Muhammad Wazeer, and other friends who shared the survey over the internet. Our thanks and appreciations go to our colleague in developing the project and people who have willingly helped us out with their abilities. Thank You. 1
  3. 3. Table of Content No. 01. 02. 03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. 10. Content Page Acknowledgment Table of content Abstract Introduction Method 5.1 Participant 5.2 Apparatus / Materials 5.3 Procedure Result 6.1 Demographic 6.2 Graph 6.3 Diagram Discussion References Appendix 2
  4. 4. ABSTRACT In recent year a similar research found that men are more likely to choose attractive partners while women prefer males with a higher social class. To further enquire about their preferences a survey was carried out with the collaboration of a 100 participants who were asked to reply to a few questions with their partners in mind. This literature review explores the differences between male and female while choosing their ideal partner. The researchers expected results to indicate whatever someone is more attracted by appearance or characteristic of their partner in a relationship. The results were obtained through a survey of males and females of different age groups starting from 15 to 35+ years old. The questionnaire was distributed among students of Taylor’s university and also online to make it more accessible. 3
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION Initially, as time elapse close relationships becomes more personal when processes of switching rewards and self-revelation last well. When heading to a close relationship, the nature of interchanging rewards and the type of rewards alters, and people become cognitively, psychologically, and affectively interdependent. People also feel obsessive love, that is, they experience sexual thoughts and intense desire for their partner, and want to be intimate to the person for whom they express passionate love. Temptation, especially interpersonal attraction, is a process that follows when we glance at somebody and realize how eye-catching this person is. This leads to the beginning to a friendship or a romantic relationship. Interpersonal attraction is the desirability between people, which leads to attachments, and romantic relationships. The analysis of interpersonal attraction is a chief part of investigation in social psychology. Interpersonal attraction is correlated to how much we adore, dislike, or hate somebody. It can be noticed as force acting between two individuals that seems to pull them closer and bear their break up. It is advised that to define attraction, character and condition should be taken into consideration. Basically psychology is the science, which deals with the study of human mental and physical behaviors and characteristics. We have designed the survey to find the difference between men and women’s ways of thinking and opinions in specific topics. Whether they are approximately the same or there is ocean of difference between these two genders. That will be revealed statically by a graphical interpretation, after the survey has been answered completely by a significant number of people of both sexes. Humans are complex creatures; detailed information can be gathered only by precise questions and they have infinitely different angles of viewing a particular thing or aspect. Moreover, investigators in previous reports have claimed that though men and women say they want something special in romantic partners, the two genders actually want the same thing. Another study, suggests the statement needs to be reconsidered. The analysis found that men and women really mean what they state; boy's care more about physical appearance and females care more about social prestige A new study, including students from Taylor’s University suggests the statement needs to be reconsidered. Whatever men are more attracted by physical appearance and women characteristic is more attracted by appearances or characteristics of their partner in a relationship. 4
  6. 6. METHOD 5.1 Participant To complete the project, we did our survey via questionnaire and online questionnaire to collect our data. We collected 100 participants from Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus via questionnaire and friends from different countries via online questionnaire. This survey involved female and male from the age of 15 to 55. Sex: male 49% female 51% Age Below 15 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 35 years 35+ years 6% 1% 2% 0% 45% 46% 5
  7. 7. Educational Level: 7% 3% Less than high school 9% 32% 29% Bachelor degree high school diploma undergraduate 20% postgraduate Other Status: 0% 2% 5% 0% 0% In a relationship 25% Single engaged married 68% divorced widowed Other We tried to control the number of male and female answering the survey constant and equal so as to total an average of 100 participant, this ensured that biggest number and verity of answer recorded to make the survey and the result more accurate so that no gap between male and female participants. More than 90% of participants were aged 15 to 24 years. Due to the fact that most of undergraduate student are more attracted by a relationship based on inner or outer beauty. Furthermore 68% of them were single waiting for their ideal partner. 5.2 APPARATUS / MATERIALS 6
  8. 8. The survey was printed out into 50 copies. Besides that, an online questionnaire was created in order to make the survey more accessible for the foreigner participants and to save cost. 5.3 PROCEDURE The survey was contributed to students and staffs of Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus and also friends and relatives from differences countries and races via online survey form. The study-targeted participant’s aged of 15- 55 years. The survey examines preferences of female and male while choosing their partner. The hypothesis of the survey is people will appeal more on appearance. The participants in the survey were categorized into two sections: the preference of male and the preference of female. The researchers gave every participant an anonymous survey through online link, to assure confidentiality and promote honest responses. The duration to answer the survey is about 5 minutes. Once all the completed surveys were reply, the responses were sent into Excel. All data were analyzed. Finalized data were recorded and shows in graph, 7
  9. 9. RESULTS  How do you believe people fall in love 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Male (50) Female (52) Friendship developing into love Male (50) Female (52) 17 13 Getting to know them, then fall in love 21 30 love at first sight luck/chance destiny /fate all of the above whatever Allah decides 2 1 3 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 30 female and 21 male choose getting to know them first, then fall in love, is the way participants believe that the way people fall in love. 51 participants out of 102 participants choose this option making it the highest and 30 out of 52 female participants believe this is the way people fall in love. 30 out of 102 participants believe friendship developing into love, which is the second highest, and less than 7 participants chose all the other options. 8
  10. 10.  What can a partner do to show you that they care? 40 35 30 25 20 Male (50) 15 Female (53) 10 5 0 buy you gifts Male (50) Female (53) compliment you often Buy you gifts 1 1 give you respect Compliment you often 5 6 giving you personal space others Give you respect Giving you personal space 29 37 8 4 37 female and 29 male believes that giving respect, is the way that the participants believe their partner shows the way they care for them. 66 participants out of 102 participants choose this option making it the highest as well as the highest chosen option from both gender groups. One member from each gender group choose buying gifts making it the least chosen option, and less than 8 participants from each group chose all the other options. 9
  11. 11.  What is the first thing that attracts you in a potential partner? Male (50) Female (52) Characteristic Single (33) Married (3) Engaged (1) In a relationship( 13 Appearance 13 0 0 6 20 3 1 7 Male 25 20 15 10 5 0 Appearance Characteristi c Single (36) Married (2) Engaged (1) In a relationship (13) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Characteristi c 11 0 0 6 Appearance 25 2 1 7 Female Appearance Characteristic 20 single male participants chose characteristic, on the other hand 13 single male participants chose appearance. More over 25 single female participants chose characteristic. 11 single female participants chose appearance. 6 participants in a relationship chose appearance and 7 participants in a relationship chose characteristics from both gender respectfully. Addition to that one participant who is engaged from both gender group selected characteristics over appearances. None of the married participants chose appearance, however 3 male and 2 female married participants chose characteristics. 10
  12. 12.  Will you ever date someone based on their attractiveness despite not disapproving their personality? Male (50) 6 18 26 0 Yes No Maybe Blanks Female (52) 3 33 14 2 35 30 25 20 Male (50) 15 Female ( 52) 10 5 0 yes no maybe blanks According to bar chat, majority participants (51 person) disagreed that they will date someone based on their attractiveness despite not disapproving their personality and female consist the highest amount which is 33 among the others in the bar chat. 40 participants selected ' maybe' for the statement while 9 participants agrees with it. However, there is female participants didn’t answer the question. 11
  13. 13.  Someone who dresses inappropriately Male (50) 6 24 20 Yes No Maybe Blanks Female (52) 2 35 13 2 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Male (50) Female ( 52) yes no maybe blanks  An individual with visible tattoos Male (50) 10 27 12 1 Yes No Maybe Blank Female (52) 11 27 11 3 30 25 20 15 Male (50) 10 Female ( 52) 5 0 yes no maybe blank The bar chart shows that 54 participants disagreed with the statement, which is the majority selection, however, 21 participants agreed with it. 23 participants selected 'maybe ' for this statement. 3 female participants and one male participant leave it blank. 12
  14. 14.  An individual with facial problems such as scars/acne Maybe 29 30 Male (50) Female (52) Yes 9 15 No 12 5 Blank 0 2 40 30 Male (50) 20 Female (52) 10 0 maybe yes no blank From the analyzing this graph, it shows that 9 male participants said yes and 12 said no, but on the other side 15 female participants said yes and 5 said no. 59 participants said maybe.  An Alcoholic Male (50) Female (52) Maybe 18 9 Yes 7 3 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 No 25 38 Blank 0 2 Male (50) Female (52) maybe yes no blank Clearly stated that highest amount of participant (63 participants) disagreed of choosing a mate who is alcoholic, however 10 participants can accept it.27 participant might accept an alcoholic as their mate. 2 female participants didn’t answer the question. 13
  15. 15.  A girl/guy who always uses cover-up/makeup Maybe 34 21 Male (50) Female (52) Yes 4 5 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 No 12 22 Blank 0 4 Male (50) Female (52) maybe yes no blank 55 participants choose maybe, when they prefer a person who uses cover-up/makeup as their partner, 34 male participants chose not to be with a person who uses cover-up/makeup. 34 participants choose not to be with a partner who uses cover-up/makeup. Most number of females chooses maybe, and with 9 participants yes is the least chosen option.  A person who always uses vulgar words Maybe 18 12 Male (50) Female (52) Yes 7 4 No 25 34 Blank 0 2 40 30 20 Male (50) 10 Female (52) 0 maybe yes no blank 59 participants choose not to prefer a person who uses vulgar words as their partner, 25 male participants and 34 female participants chose not be with a person who uses vulgar words commonly when they speak. 30 participants choose maybe and with 11 participants yes is the least chosen option. 14
  16. 16. DISCUSSION With respect to humans, appearance is not the only factor that determines if two people choose to be with each other, but it is an undeniable component of the decision-making process involved behind attraction. From the information gathered and analyzed from the responses of the participants, the hypothesis for giving priority to physical appearance rather than personal characteristics has not been supported. There is a noticeable gap between the biases towards choosing the personality over the looks. However subjective the issue was thought to be at the outset, the survey clearly suggests that people find characteristics as the determining point into choosing a partner. When asked about their opinion on natural beauty, 63% of the survey participants agreed that beauty is a combination of both inner and outer features of a person. How they carry themselves meaning there behavior, characteristics and personality, as well as how well they interact with others. 35% of people believe that beauty is reflected mostly through personality, without giving any regard to appearance. Only 2% of people chose physical attributes to define the idea of beauty. When the option is narrowed down to just appearance or characteristics, 65% of the participants chose characteristics. 51% of the survey participants have strongly disagreed to pick a partner with only a good physique and with a bad personality. 40% of participants kept this option open with an indecisive ‘maybe’ suggesting that looks and characteristics do not always matter for some people. This is possibly only a matter of preference in a certain period of their lifetime and according to their lifestyle, ethics and beliefs, for example: a person who is only seeking sex from a partner would date an exceptionally attractive female, regardless of their intelligence or personality. However, a person planning to settle down in a stable relationship would take into consideration their characteristics firstly and mostly then move to their physical attributes. As the subject we chose to tackle is not that simple and conclusion cannot be drawn that quickly because it will cause a lot of errors to occur. The survey is further deepened to investigate in more details certain physical and characteristic attribute of partners. 15
  17. 17. Majority of participants believe physical appearance is an equation regarding the entire body, whilst some are attracted to more specific parts of the body. In contrast, we observed that intelligence and good humor are tied as the characteristic that most participants found appealing in a partner. It is understandable that appearance is a powerful determinant to attract a companion. Mostly because a lot of people are under the influence of the most powerful sense that is the sight. Furthermore a combination of influence is often the reason for this choice, the reasons being healthier and more beautiful off springs, the way our society values beauty over personality and personal preferences. Many of the responses indicated that we should never judge others by their outward appearance, and yet we biologically rely in the human body’s appearance. Furthermore even if the participant supported the mind more than the body, they were still concerned by their partner’s health and body. This is supported by the question of whether the participants would choose a partner if they were an unhealthy alcoholic or not, and 63% of people chose the non-alcoholic. Only 10% of people were willing to take an alcoholic partner whilst 27% of participants kept their options open. Therefore stating that participants were just as concerned about their inner beauty as to their physique. Dr. David Hawkins, the director of Marriage Recover Center in Washington D.C suggests that Men are visually minded, it's the way males are wired and it certainly is healthy to be attracted to our female partners which will probably be their lifelong partner. The research thoroughly supports this statement as when asked if they would choose a partner with facial scars or acne, 12% of men disagreed, while only 9% said yes. In contrast, 5% of females said they wouldn’t date a male with facial problems whilst 15% didn’t consider it to be a problem. Therefore proving that men are visually more stimulated than women when it comes to choosing a partner. From all the information recorded a rather surprising conclusion was observed. Most of the male participants who were thought to prefer physical appearance over personality proved our hypothesis wrong as majority replied that they preferred personality with the exception of some dissenters. The women followed the hypothesis and chose the characteristics over the looks of their partners. 16
  18. 18. The research has allowed us to determine a conclusion and achieve the targeted information. In a nutshell, the research supports the fact that however visual men can be, they prefer a partner who has strong characteristics and nice personality. The vast majority of men will respond to visual images when it comes to women, however these glances are limited to a temporary satisfaction and are automatic reflex of nature as was proven by the survey. The survey proved that even though men were willing to date attractive female despite a bad personality when it comes to relationship, men seek strong personalities in their women and looks mattered less. Strong personalities of the women often contributed to a stable and healthy relationship between the couple. The research also clearly suggested that what men really want is to know that their wives are making an effort to take care of themselves. Husbands appreciate the efforts their wives make to maintain their attractiveness. The same goes for women. The data analyzed concludes that women are more hesitant to date a person just for their physical attributes, compared to men. To conclude, men and women may worry about their partners’ outer appearance but only to some extent. The more they worry about is the personality because it reflects how compatible they are and shows how willing to adjust to each other to make the relationship last. 17
  19. 19. REFERENCES 1. birth order. (2011). Retrieved January 20, 2014, from http://www.clcillinois.edu/depts/vpe/gened/pdf/samplepaperpsychology.pdf 2. How to Write a Method Section. (2001). Retrieved January 20, 2014, from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologywriting/ht/method.htm 3. Psychology Research Report. (2011). Retrieved January 20, 2014, from www.simplypsychology.org/research-report.html 4. Report Writing: Conclusion. (2008, April). Retrieved January 20, 2014, from http://www2.elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/eiw/report_conclusion.htm 5. Should a Spouse's Physical Appearance Matter? (2007). Retrieved January 20, 2014, from www.wezeradio.com/11528147/page2/print/ 18
  20. 20. APPENDIX -Preferences while choosing a partner ( sample of the survey) We are conducting a research study to examine preferences of boys and girls while choosing their partner. Your participation in this research project is entirely voluntary and you responses will be kept completely confidential. The questionnaire is composed of 15 and takes approximately 10 minutes to complete it. Thank you very much for your time and effort 
 1. 
 
 
 Sex 
 O female O male 2. 
 
 
 Age 
 O O O O O O Below 15 15 - 19 years 20 - 24 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 35 years 35+ years O O O O O O O Chinese Malay Indian African Caucasian African American Other:………………………………………………. 3. 
 
 
 Race 19
  21. 21. 4. 
 
 
 Religion 
 O O O O O O O Islam Christianity Taoism Buddhism Hinduism Judaism Other:………………………….. 5. 
 
 
 Level of education O O O O O O Less than high school Bachelor degree High school diploma undergraduate postgraduate Other:……………………………………………. 6. 
 
 
 What can a partner do to show you that they care? O Compliment you often O Give you respect O Buy you gifts O Looking good for you by staying fit O Giving you personal space O Other:………………………………………………….. 7. 
 
 
 Status 
 O O O O O O O In a relationship Single Engaged married Divorced Widowed Other:………………………………………………… 20
  22. 22. 8. 
 
 
 How do you believe people fall in love? O O O O O O Love at first sight Friendship developing into love Getting to know them, then falling in love Destiny/ fate Luck/ Chance Other:………………………………………………….. 9. 
 
 
 In your opinion what is beauty? O Physically attractive O Beautiful on the inside in terms of personality O Both inner and outer beauty 10. 
 
 
 What is the first thing that attracts you in a potential partner? O Appearance (please proceed to question 12) O Characteristics (please proceed to question 13) 11. 
 
 
 If you have chosen appearance, What attracts you: 
 O O O O O O O Eyes Legs Height Overall body Hair A person who wears a uniform A person who does not wear uniform 21
  23. 23. 12. 
 
 
 If you have chosen characteristic, What attracts you: 
 O O O O O 13. Humor Kind heart Humble Discipline Intelligence 
 
 
 State the characteristics of your ideal partner that you prefer …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………. 14. 
 
 
 
 
 State the appearance of your ideal partner that you prefer 




 …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………. 22
  24. 24. 15. Tick accordingly, based on your personal acceptance of a partner towards the following statements. Questions Will you ever date someone based on their attractiveness despite not disapproving their personality? Someone who dresses inappropriately An individual with visible tattoos An individual who has undergone plastic surgery An individual with facial problems such as scars/acne, An alcoholic A girl/guy who always uses coverup/makeup A person who always uses vulgar words Yes Maybe No 23

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