1. FILE 1A
ACTION AND NON-
2. USE THE PRESENT SIMPLE FOR:
e.g.: John starts work at eight o’clock.
2. Things that are always true/permanent.
e.g.: Spain is a hot country.
3. Describing a state.
e.g.: Dimitri is really happy about his job.
4. With the present simple use the following time expressions:
e.g. every day, once a month, sometimes, never, and
other adverbs of frequency ( before the main verb and after
3. 3RD PERSON PRONUNCIATION
-s can be pronounced in different ways:
/ s/- with verbs ending in an unvoiced consonant.
e.g. cooks, eats
/ z / - with verbs ending in a vowel sound or voiced consonant.
e.g. plays, has
/ iz /- with verbs where you add –es
e.g. watches, finishes
4. USE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
1. Things that are happening now, at this moment.
e.g. Janet is having a shower.
2. Temporary situations that are happening around now
( but not at this exact moment).
e.g. I am learning Spanish for my job.
3. For future arrangements.
e.g.What are you doing after class?
- I’m going to the cinema.
4. Time expressions used with the present continuous:
e.g. now, at the moment, this week, today…
6. ACTION AND NON-ACTION VERBS
Action verbs are verbs which describe
actions. They can be used in the present
simple or continuous.
e.g. make, cook
Non-action verbs are verbs which describe
states or feelings ( not actions), e.g. like,
want, be are not normally used in the
7. Common non-action verbs are:
Have ( possess), like, love, hate, need,
want, hope, prefer, find, know,
think, realise, believe, understand,
remember, seem, depend,
suppose, mean, see, hear, smell,
Have has action and non-action meaning.
action meaning –( experience)
I’m having lunch
we’re having a wonderful holiday
non-action meaning- ( possession)
we have a lovely room by the sea
Let's practise some more. Listen to the following conversation and
find out which tenses are used:
10. Transcript part 1
- Good morning Darling, how are you feeling today?
- Thanks, I'm feeling OK, thanks. What's that sound? Are our
neighbours testing their new power tools?
- No, this time it's not our neighbours but our kids.
- Our kids? What are they doing?
- Well, you'll be surprised -- they are listening to the CD you bought
them for Christmas.
- Ah, I see. But why aren't they using their headphones?
- Headphones? Do they have headphones?
- Yes, of course they do. They are just not using them to provoke us.
11. Transcript part 2
Oh, come on. Don't say that. They probably think we
should be listening to their music, too.
- Right. I should be listening to Techno songs at 9
o'clock on a Sunday morning. You must be kidding!
- 9 o'clock? It's 10:30, the sun is shining and your
parents are coming in two hours. How about getting
ready for them?
12. Transcript part 3
- Why are my parents visiting us today? Did you tell them about my
- Well, how did you think I could hide such news from them? Of course
I told your mother about your success. We're are so proud of you!
- Thanks a lot. Maybe, today you are cooking lunch for a change?
- That won't be necessary I suppose. Our kids are already working
hard in the kitchen.
- Is that true? We have wonderful kids, don't we?
13. Thanks to:
New English File intermediate
By Elena Gómez