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Lesson1.ppt

  1. 1. TOPICS 2 Theory • Introduction-subject of the course • Sectors of the Study of Religion • Theories of the study of religion • Definition Methodological Tools • Methodology for the study of Religion • Taxonomy • Comparison Basic Topics • Place • Myth • Ritual • Body • Religious Identity • Magic Several Topics • Interreligious dialogue • Discussion-Revisions
  2. 2. EVALUATION  Personal small papers.  Every week via our e-learning platform you need to send me one small paper about the topic of the course that we have discussed during the lesson.  You will receive every time instructions about the topic and the way of writing.  Your performance in the class during the lessons and the seminars values 30%, whereas the final exams value 70% of your final grade. Your final exam will be oral.  During the seminars you will take a multiple choice test. This test will not be an official one but an exercise. 3
  3. 3. CONTENT OF THE LESSON  Introduction  What is the Study of Religion?  How was it created?  What does it study?  Which are the main sectors of the Study of Religion? 4
  4. 4. STUDY OF RELIGION What is this? 5
  5. 5. DEFINITION OF THE DISCIPLINE  The Study of Religion is the science that deals with the scientific research and study of the religions of the world.  The science of the Study of Religion has different names as: 1. Scientific sector of the study of religion, Religionswissenschaft (=Science of Religion) 2. Science des Religions (=Science of Religion) 3. Comparative Religion 4. History of Religions 5. Religious Studies 6. Studies in Religion 7. World Religions 6
  6. 6. GOAL OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION 7
  7. 7. 1. UNDERSTANDING 8 Us (Europeans) The others (People of the East)
  8. 8. RELIGIOUS PEOPLE 9 Us The others
  9. 9. 2. AVOIDANCE OF EXTREME SITUATIONS 10 Terrorism 11th Spetember 2001
  10. 10. 3. STUDY OF HUMAN SOCIETIES • In the study of human societies what lies at the center is the dialectical relationship between others and our own society, the individual and the group. • Who are “the others”? • What can they say about our civilization and society? 11
  11. 11. BIRTH OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION(1)  The academic study of religion is a creation of the Enlightenment.  It has been developed since then the belief that religion is something that has been appropriated, that is, can be known, understood, like any human data recorded. 12
  12. 12. BIRTH OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION (2)  Some questions were addressed by various scholars of religion who followed, applied and suggested various theories and methods to better understand the religious phenomenon with the development of this discipline.  Some of their questions were the following: 1. Is religion a product of society or is it something supernatural, something that does not come from this world, that the scientific world cannot interpret? 2. Is religion a sui generis phenomenon or depends on other aspects of social life? 13
  13. 13. BIRTH OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION (3)  So when we study religion, we need to ask ourselves what human actions we are referring to and what everyday life practices we assign this term to.  But if researchers do not go into this investigation and find that the term "religion" refers to something unrelated to human acts and possibly pre-existing and beyond these acts, then it cannot be made clear that it is possible to talk about and study this phenomenon.  Therefore, it is necessary to clarify what we mean when we attribute something to the concept of 'religious'. 14
  14. 14. THEORIES OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION 15
  15. 15. THEORIES OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION 1. Evolutionary 2. Intellectual 3. Reductive 4. Structural 5. Psychological 6. Symbolic 7. Gnostic 8. Phenomenological 9. Sociological 16
  16. 16. SECTORS OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION 17
  17. 17. SECTORS OF THE STUDY OF RELIGION 1. History of Religions 2. Comparative Religion 3. Phenomenology of Religion 18
  18. 18. AUXILIARY SECTORS  Sociology of Religion  Psychology of Religion  Philosophy of Religion 19
  19. 19. 20

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