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PLANNING & 

INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING BOARD EXAM
COACHING SESSION #3
Presented by Jean Palma
3 April ...
OUTLINE
Recap of previous concepts
I.  Plan hierarchies
II.  CDP + CLUP overview
III.  Data management and analysis
IV.  B...
PLANNING HIERARCHY
PREVAILING NATIONAL PLANS
http://caraga.neda.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/phil-development-plan-2011-20161.jpg
REGIONAL PLANS
http://www.neda.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/RegIX_RDP_2011-2016.pdf
http://rdc2.gov.ph/neda/images/rp...
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
SPATIAL
CONTEXT
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
SECTORAL
DEV’T
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
MEANS OF
IMPLEMENTATION
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
SPATIAL CONTEXT
=
4 POLICY AREAS
for land use
POLICY AREAS
SPACE FOR
LIVING
SPACE FOR
MAKING A
LIVING
LIFE SUPPORT
SYSTEM
PROTECTED AREAS
NIPAS,	
  Non-­‐NIPAS,	
  prot...
POLICY AREAS
SPACE FOR
LIVING
SPACE FOR
MAKING A
LIVING
LIFE SUPPORT
SYSTEM
PROTECTED AREAS
NIPAS,	
  Non-­‐NIPAS,	
  prot...
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
SECTORAL
DEVELOPMENT
=
5 DEVELOPMENT
SECTORS
DEVELOPMENT SECTORS
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
SOCIAL
ECONOMIC
ENVIRONMENTAL
PHYSICAL
INSTITUTIONAL
CLUP CDP
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
SPATIAL SECTORAL
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
MEANS OF
IMPLEMENTATION
=
PPPAs
MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
1 Policy	
  
2 Programs	
  
3 Projects	
  
4 Activ...
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
PLAN
PROGRAM 1 PROGRAM 4PROGRAM 3PROGRAM 2
PROJECT 1 PROJECT 2 PROJECT 3
A...
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
TOOL FOR
PRIORIT-
IZATION
TOOLS FOR PRIORITIZATION
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
Investment	
  Program	
  
Budget	
  
Executive	
 ...
QUICK RECAP 1
What	
  are	
  the	
  four	
  policy	
  areas?	
  
(Think	
  of	
  the	
  weights.)	
  
QUICK RECAP 1
What	
  are	
  the	
  5	
  development	
  sectors?	
  
(Think	
  of	
  the	
  Jlower.)	
  
PLANNING PROCESS

An	
  overview	
  
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
LET’S GO LOCAL.
COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE PLAN
Settlement Policies Protection Land
Policies
Production Land
Policies
Infrastructure
Policies
...
CLUP PROCESS
HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
SECTORAL
DEVELOPMENT ISSUES
AND CONCERNS
DETAILED SECTORAL
STUDIES
SECTORAL
DEVELOPMENT
OBJECTIVES AND
STRATEGIES
SECTORAL...
VISION STATEMENT
VISION ELEMENT (by sector)
ELEMENT DESCRIPTORS
SUCCESS INDICATORS OF
EACH DESCRIPTOR
CURRENT REALITY
VISI...
SIMPLIFIED PLANNING PROCESS (CLUP-CDP INTEGRATION)
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
Elaboration	
  
	
  of	...
IF YOU HAVE A PROJECT, WHAT DO YOU DO FIRST?
1  Get	
  data,	
  look	
  at	
  the	
  situation	
  
2  Assess	
  the	
  sit...
EVALUATION ASSESSMENT
PLANNING
IMPLEMENT
-ATION
MONITORING
EVALUATION ASSESSMENT
PLANNING
IMPLEMENT
-ATION
MONITORING
Assessment
against targets
Improvement
Analysis
Problem identifi...
EVALUATION ASSESSMENT
PLANNING
IMPLEMENT
-ATION
MONITORING
EP
CLUP
CDP
Thematic Plans
ZO
ELA
LDIP
AIP
ECOLOGICAL PROFILE
Formerly	
  SEP	
  
Situationer	
  and	
  database	
  of	
  the	
  planning	
  area	
  
“Snapshot	
  in...
DATA MANAGEMENT

AND ANALYSIS
ECOLOGICAL PROFILE
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines; https://cdn2.iconfinder.com/data/icons/inverticons-fill-...
ECOLOGICAL PROFILE
Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines; https://cdn2.iconfinder.com/data/icons/inverticons-fill-...
SOCIAL
SECTOR
Demographic Socio-economic
Population size Dependency ratio
Population pyramid Percent urban population
Crude birth / deat...
Age Groups Age
Dependent 0-14, 65 and above
Labor force 15-64
School age 3-6, 7-12, 13-16 (old educational system)
6-11, 1...
http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/
philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif
POPULATION PYRAMID
http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif; http://
cdn.mysitemyway.com/...
PSA
AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 ...
PSA
AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 ...
PSA
AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 ...
PSA
AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 ...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif; http://
cdn.mysitemyway.com/...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif; http://
cdn.mysitemyway.com/...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
PSA
Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010
Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644
NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,83...
POPULATION PROJECTION
COHORTS: People experiencing the same thing at the same time
Age
group
Population
Philippines, 2010
...
POPULATION PROJECTION
COHORTS: People experiencing the same thing at the same time
Age
group
Population
Philippines, 2010
...
THE LOCAL
ECONOMY
INDUSTRIES
Employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
Total employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
Employm...
THE LOCAL ECONOMY
LINKAGES
	
  Connections	
  between	
  industries	
  
	
  May	
  be	
  forward,	
  backward,	
  supporti...
LINKAGES
https://hazygreen.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/tamban1.jpg
LINKAGES
http://static.rappler.com/images/sardine-fishing-basilan-20130312.jpg
http://www.pcaarrd.dost.gov.ph/home/ssentin...
LINKAGES
http://previews.123rf.com/images/badboo/badboo0704/badboo070400030/889144-Blank-food-
can-over-white-background-S...
THE LOCAL ECONOMY
LOCATION QUOTIENT
	
  Specialization	
  of	
  an	
  area	
  with	
  regard	
  to	
  a	
  larger	
  refer...
LOCATION QUOTIENT
Employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
Total employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
...
LOCATION QUOTIENT
Employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
Total employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
...
LOCATION QUOTIENT
Employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
Total employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
...
LOCATION QUOTIENT
Employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
Total employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
...
LOCATION QUOTIENT
Employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
Total employment of smaller
reference area, industry x
...
BASIC RESEARCH
QUESTIONNAIRES FOCUS GROUPS INTERVIEWS
CASE STUDY APPRAISAL EIA
CENTRAL TENDENCY
	
  
HYPOTHESIS
µ
DISTRIBUTION
PARTICIPATORY
MAPPING
SWOT ANALYSIS GIS
S	
  W	
  
O	
  T	
  
GIS
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
What	
  goes	
  where	
  
https://www.gislounge.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/gis_layers.p...
LOCATION DATA
LOCATION DATA
ATTRIBUTE DATA
LOCATION DATA
ATTRIBUTE DATA
GIS HISTORY
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
1962
Roger	
  Tomlinson,	
  
the	
  “Father	
  of	
  GIS,”	
  
pioneers	
  the	
  ...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
1965 Dec 1
Origin	
  of	
  the	
  “GIS”	
  term	
  
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
1966
URISA	
  (Urban	
  and	
  Regional	
  Information	
  Systems	
  
Association)...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
1969
ESRI	
  
(Environmental	
  
Systems	
  Research	
  
Institute)	
  was	
  
est...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
https://suzanneodonovan.files.wordpress.com/
2013/06/7_mcharg-staten-island.jpg
196...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
http://space.skyrocket.de/img_sat/landsat-1.jpg
1972, July 23
The	
  Jirst	
  Land...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
1979
MOSS	
  (Map	
  Overlay	
  and	
  Statistical	
  System),	
  the	
  
earliest...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
1982
ARC/INFO	
  was	
  released	
  
by	
  ESRI.	
  This	
  was	
  the	
  
Jirst	
...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
1999
ArcGIS,	
  the	
  “overhaul”	
  
of	
  GIS	
  software,	
  was	
  
released	
...
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
2004 August
OpenStreetMap	
  was	
  
founded	
  in	
  the	
  UK.	
  
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
2005 February
Google	
  Maps	
  was	
  launched.	
  	
  
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
2005 June
Google	
  Earth	
  was	
  released.	
  
https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/
2007 May
Street	
  View	
  was	
  launched.	
  
littlemissurbanite.wordpress.com
1  Mindsetting	
  and	
  preparatory	
  activities	
  
2  Exam	
  overview	
  
3  Applica...
Thank	
  you	
  to	
  my	
  profs	
  for	
  the	
  knowledge	
  
	
  
ROSARIO “CHIT” JIMENEZ
JUN CASTRO
RACHEL RACELIS
JOE...
RESOURCES
RATIONALIZED PLANNING SYSTEM
http://www.dilg.gov.ph/PDF_File/reports_resources/DILG-Reports-2011712-
ea7ba5859e....
EnP Board Exam Coaching Session on Planning and Information Management
EnP Board Exam Coaching Session on Planning and Information Management
EnP Board Exam Coaching Session on Planning and Information Management
EnP Board Exam Coaching Session on Planning and Information Management
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EnP Board Exam Coaching Session on Planning and Information Management

This presentation is for the 2016 EnP Board Exam Coaching Session of UP Plano for planning information and management. It is a compilation of selected topics on planning data, beginning with hierarchies and structures, and continuing well into frameworks, statistical analysis on socio-economic information (population projection and demography, location quotients, etc.) familiarisation with research terms, and an overview of GIS history.

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EnP Board Exam Coaching Session on Planning and Information Management

  1. 1. PLANNING & 
 INFORMATION MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING BOARD EXAM COACHING SESSION #3 Presented by Jean Palma 3 April 2016
  2. 2. OUTLINE Recap of previous concepts I.  Plan hierarchies II.  CDP + CLUP overview III.  Data management and analysis IV.  Basic research V.  Geographic information systems
  3. 3. PLANNING HIERARCHY
  4. 4. PREVAILING NATIONAL PLANS http://caraga.neda.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/phil-development-plan-2011-20161.jpg
  5. 5. REGIONAL PLANS http://www.neda.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/RegIX_RDP_2011-2016.pdf http://rdc2.gov.ph/neda/images/rpfp/rpfppp.jpg http://nro8.neda.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/rdip.png
  6. 6. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
  7. 7. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 SPATIAL CONTEXT
  8. 8. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 SECTORAL DEV’T
  9. 9. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION
  10. 10. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 SPATIAL CONTEXT = 4 POLICY AREAS for land use
  11. 11. POLICY AREAS SPACE FOR LIVING SPACE FOR MAKING A LIVING LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM PROTECTED AREAS NIPAS,  Non-­‐NIPAS,  protected   agricultural,  environmentally-­‐ constrained,  heritage  sites   SETTLEMENT AREAS Urban,  rural,  indigenous  peoples’   settlements   INFRASTRUCTURE AREAS Transport  network,  social   infrastructure,  economic   infrastructure,  administrative  support   PRODUCTION AREAS Agricultural,  industrial,   commercial,  tourism,  mining   Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines ROAD
  12. 12. POLICY AREAS SPACE FOR LIVING SPACE FOR MAKING A LIVING LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM PROTECTED AREAS NIPAS,  Non-­‐NIPAS,  protected   agricultural,  environmentally-­‐ constrained,  heritage  sites   SETTLEMENT AREAS Urban,  rural,  indigenous  peoples’   settlements   INFRASTRUCTURE AREAS Transport  network,  social   infrastructure,  economic   infrastructure,  administrative  support   PRODUCTION AREAS Agricultural,  industrial,   commercial,  tourism,  mining   Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines Built  Form   Unbuilt   Environment   ROAD
  13. 13. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT = 5 DEVELOPMENT SECTORS
  14. 14. DEVELOPMENT SECTORS Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines SOCIAL ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICAL INSTITUTIONAL
  15. 15. CLUP CDP Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
  16. 16. SPATIAL SECTORAL Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
  17. 17. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION = PPPAs
  18. 18. MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines 1 Policy   2 Programs   3 Projects   4 Activities  
  19. 19. Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines PLAN PROGRAM 1 PROGRAM 4PROGRAM 3PROGRAM 2 PROJECT 1 PROJECT 2 PROJECT 3 ACTIVITY 1 ACTIVITY 4ACTIVITY 3ACTIVITY 2 TASK 1 TASK 5TASK 4TASK 3TASK 2
  20. 20. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 TOOL FOR PRIORIT- IZATION
  21. 21. TOOLS FOR PRIORITIZATION Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines Investment  Program   Budget   Executive  Legislative  Agenda  
  22. 22. QUICK RECAP 1 What  are  the  four  policy  areas?   (Think  of  the  weights.)  
  23. 23. QUICK RECAP 1 What  are  the  5  development  sectors?   (Think  of  the  Jlower.)  
  24. 24. PLANNING PROCESS
 An  overview  
  25. 25. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
  26. 26. HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1 LET’S GO LOCAL.
  27. 27. COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE PLAN Settlement Policies Protection Land Policies Production Land Policies Infrastructure Policies COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PLAN Social Economic Physical Environmental Institutional Zoning Ordinance ELA AIP and Budget LOCAL DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT PROGRAM Non-capital “soft” projects Capital “hard” projects LEGISLATIVE SUPPORT MEASURES Other planning laws, taxation and fiscal measures, incentives, environmental laws Improved public services, new or improved public facilities and infrastructure, increased public awareness and participation Increased private sector investment in local economic and social development Change in social and economic well-being Change in quality of the environment Change in local institutional capacities LONG-TERM FRAMEWORK PLAN MULTI-YEAR MULTI-SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN IMPLEMENTATION INSTRUMENTS OUTPUTS OUTCOMES Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
  28. 28. CLUP PROCESS HLURB CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
  29. 29. SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT ISSUES AND CONCERNS DETAILED SECTORAL STUDIES SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES SECTORAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS PROJECT IDEAS OR PROJECT BRIEFS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT PROGRAM PROGRAMS AND PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION NGA PROGRAMSECOLOGICAL PROFILE LGU MANDATES AND THRUSTS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES AND POLICIES NEW LOCAL LEGISLATION LOCAL LEGISLATIVE AGENDA CLUP POLICIES ZONING AND OTHER LEGISLATION SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING PROCESS Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
  30. 30. VISION STATEMENT VISION ELEMENT (by sector) ELEMENT DESCRIPTORS SUCCESS INDICATORS OF EACH DESCRIPTOR CURRENT REALITY VISION-REALITY GAP SECTORAL GOALS SECTORAL OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS TIME OR RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS SECTORAL STRATEGIES / POLICIES PROPOSED NEW LEGISLATIONS LEGISLATIVE AGENDA CLUP POLICIES SECTORAL PROGRAMS / PROJECTS LDIP / AIP EXECUTIVE-LEGISLATIVE AGENDA SIMPLIFIED SECTORAL PLANNING PROCESS Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines ECOLOGICAL PROFILE STATISTICAL COMPENDIUM DECISION ZONES PROBLEM-SOLUTION MATRIX
  31. 31. SIMPLIFIED PLANNING PROCESS (CLUP-CDP INTEGRATION) Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines Elaboration    of  ends   SpeciCication     of  means   VISION PHYSICAL PLANNING GOALS CLUP ELEMENT DESCRIPTORS SUCCESS INDICATORS CURRENT REALITY •  ECOLOGICAL PROFILE •  STATISTICAL COMPENDIUM •  THEMATIC MAPS VISION-REALITY GAP SECTORAL GOALS SECTORAL OBJECTIVES / TARGETS CDP SPATIAL STRATEGIES LOCATION PRINCIPLES Protection,  production,   settlement,   infrastructure   DEVELOPMENT Policies,  strategies,   programs,  projects,   legislation   What  it  takes  to   close  the  gap   What  can  be   reasonably  done  in   3  years  
  32. 32. IF YOU HAVE A PROJECT, WHAT DO YOU DO FIRST? 1  Get  data,  look  at  the  situation   2  Assess  the  situation   3  Envision  something   4  Narrow  down,  specify  targets   5  Strategize   6  Package  the  plan   7  Implement   8  Check  from  time  to  time   9  Back  to  step  1  
  33. 33. EVALUATION ASSESSMENT PLANNING IMPLEMENT -ATION MONITORING
  34. 34. EVALUATION ASSESSMENT PLANNING IMPLEMENT -ATION MONITORING Assessment against targets Improvement Analysis Problem identification Visioning Goals, objectives, targets Strategies Budgeting, prioritization, financing Policy Program Project Activity Task Data gathering
  35. 35. EVALUATION ASSESSMENT PLANNING IMPLEMENT -ATION MONITORING EP CLUP CDP Thematic Plans ZO ELA LDIP AIP
  36. 36. ECOLOGICAL PROFILE Formerly  SEP   Situationer  and  database  of  the  planning  area   “Snapshot  in  time”   Presented  by  sector   Written  by  the  local  planning  ofJice   Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines
  37. 37. DATA MANAGEMENT
 AND ANALYSIS
  38. 38. ECOLOGICAL PROFILE Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines; https://cdn2.iconfinder.com/data/icons/inverticons-fill-vol-2/32/money_finance_coins_economy_gold_cash_withdraw_expenses-512.png;; https:// d30y9cdsu7xlg0.cloudfront.net/png/4223-200.png ; https://d30y9cdsu7xlg0.cloudfront.net/png/15214-200.png ; https://d30y9cdsu7xlg0.cloudfront.net/png/48890-200.png ; https://cdn3.iconfinder.com/data/icons/ computers-programming/512/Infrastructure_B-512.png Population  and  social  services   Economic  structure,  local   specialization,  linked  industries   Natural  resource  inventory,   environmental  assessment   Inventory  of  infrastructure  and   support  facilities,  land  use  and  area   Government  organization,  Jiscal   management,  and  legislation  
  39. 39. ECOLOGICAL PROFILE Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines; https://cdn2.iconfinder.com/data/icons/inverticons-fill-vol-2/32/money_finance_coins_economy_gold_cash_withdraw_expenses-512.png;; https:// d30y9cdsu7xlg0.cloudfront.net/png/4223-200.png ; https://d30y9cdsu7xlg0.cloudfront.net/png/15214-200.png ; https://d30y9cdsu7xlg0.cloudfront.net/png/48890-200.png ; https://cdn3.iconfinder.com/data/icons/ computers-programming/512/Infrastructure_B-512.png POPULATION PROJECTION 1.  ANNUAL AVERAGE GROWTH 2.  COMPOUNDED GROWTH 3.  COHORTS LINKAGES LOCATION QUOTIENT
  40. 40. SOCIAL SECTOR
  41. 41. Demographic Socio-economic Population size Dependency ratio Population pyramid Percent urban population Crude birth / death rate Labor force participation rate Age-specific fertility rate, total fertility rate, gross reproductive rate Unemployment rate Life expectancy at birth Enrolment rate Sex ratio Educational attainment of population Number of households Average household size income Average household size Poverty incidence Index of income concentration Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines INDICATORS AND TOOLS DESCRIBING WELL-BEING AND POPULATION SIZE AND COMPOSITION
  42. 42. Age Groups Age Dependent 0-14, 65 and above Labor force 15-64 School age 3-6, 7-12, 13-16 (old educational system) 6-11, 12-15, 16-17 (K-12) Female reproductive age 15-49 Rationalized Planning System of the Philippines Department of Education AGE GROUPS
  43. 43. http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/ philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif POPULATION PYRAMID
  44. 44. http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif; http:// cdn.mysitemyway.com/etc-mysitemyway/icons/legacy-previews/icons/magic-marker-icons-people-things/115850-magic- marker-icon-people-things-speech.png PLANNING ASSESSMENTS START WITH 
 POPULATION PROJECTION 1st  Method:  AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH (AAG)  Increase  of  population  between  2  periods  of  time    Used  for  short  to  medium  term  projections   Taguig  increased  13.3  thousand   people  per  year  from  1980  to  1990.  
  45. 45. PSA AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands)
  46. 46. PSA AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands)
  47. 47. PSA AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 1. Assign Time 1 and Time 2. t1  =  1980   t2  =  1990   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands)
  48. 48. PSA AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 2. Get the respective population figures from the table. Pt1  (population  of  1980)  =  134   Pt2  (population  of  1990)  =  267   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands)
  49. 49. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 t1  =  1980   t2  =  1990   Pt1    =  134   Pt2  =  267   AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands)
  50. 50. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 t1  =  1980   t2  =  1990   Pt1    =  134   Pt2  =  267   AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Pt2  –  Pt1   t2  –  t1   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands)
  51. 51. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 t1  =  1980   t2  =  1990   Pt1    =  134   Pt2  =  267   AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Pt2  –  Pt1   t2  –  t1   267  -­‐  134   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) 1990  -­‐1980   -­‐     133   10  
  52. 52. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD t2  –  t1   267  -­‐  134   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) 1990  -­‐1980   -­‐     133   10   Taguig  increased  13.3   thousand  people  per  year   from  1980  to  1990.  
  53. 53. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) By  how  many  people  per  year  did     NCR  increase  from  2000  to  2010?  
  54. 54. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) t1  =  2000   t2  =  2010   Pt1    =  9,932   Pt2  =  11,836   SOLUTION
  55. 55. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) t1  =  2000   t2  =  2010   Pt1    =  9,932   Pt2  =  11,836   Pt2  –  Pt1   t2  –  t1   SOLUTION
  56. 56. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) t1  =  2000   t2  =  2010   Pt1    =  9,932   Pt2  =  11,836   Pt2  –  Pt1   t2  –  t1   11,836  –  9,932   2010  -­‐  2000   -­‐     1,904   10   SOLUTION
  57. 57. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH METHOD Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) NCR  increased  190.4  thousand   people  per  year     from  2000  to  2010.   SOLUTION
  58. 58. http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif; http:// cdn.mysitemyway.com/etc-mysitemyway/icons/legacy-previews/icons/magic-marker-icons-people-things/115850-magic- marker-icon-people-things-speech.png POPULATION PROJECTION 1st  Method:  AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH (AAG) RATE     •  Taguig’s  population  almost  doubled   from  1980  to  1990     •  The  growth  rate  for  this  period  is  9.9%   increase  per  year  
  59. 59. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 By  how  much  did  the  population  of  Taguig  change  from  1980  to  1990?   AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE Pt2  –  Pt1   t2  –  t1   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) %Δ  1980-­‐1990:   (  P90  –  P80   )  P80   (100)    =    99%  
  60. 60. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 By  how  much  per  year  did  the  population  of  Taguig  change  from  1980  –  1990?       AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE Pt2  –  Pt1   t2  –  t1   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) AAGR80,90    :   (  P90  –  P80   )  P80   1990  -­‐  1980   (100)  =  9.9%  every  year  
  61. 61. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 By  how  much  per  year  did  the  population  of  Taguig  change  from  2000  to  2010?   AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands)
  62. 62. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 By  how  much  per  year  did  the  population  of  Taguig  change  from  2000  to  2010?   AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE Pt2  –  Pt1   t2  –  t1   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) AAGR00,10    :   (  P10  –  P00   )  P00   2010  -­‐  2000   (100)  =  3.8%  every  year   SOLUTION
  63. 63. http://www.indexmundi.com/graphs/population-pyramids/philippines-population-pyramid-2014.gif; http:// cdn.mysitemyway.com/etc-mysitemyway/icons/legacy-previews/icons/magic-marker-icons-people-things/115850-magic- marker-icon-people-things-speech.png POPULATION PROJECTION 2nd    Method:  COMPOUNDED GROWTH RATE     The  population  of  Taguig  in  2020  will  be   1.2  million.    
  64. 64. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 What  will  be  the  population  of  Taguig  in  2020?   COMPOUNDED GROWTH RATE Pt2  –  Pt1   Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) Pt2  =  Pt1  (1+r)   (t2  –  t1)    
  65. 65. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 But  Jirst,  let’s     compute  for  r.       r  is  the  rate  of   population  growth.  It   can  be  derived  from   any  two  population   years  with  available   data.   COMPOUNDED GROWTH RATE Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) t1  =  1980   t2  =  1990   Pt1    =  134   Pt2  =  267   r  =     Pt2   Pt1   (   )   1   (t2  –  t1)   -­‐1   SOLUTION
  66. 66. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 COMPOUNDED GROWTH RATE Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) t1  =  1980   t2  =  1990   Pt1    =  134   Pt2  =  267   r  =     Pt2   Pt1   (   )   1   (t2  –  t1)   -­‐1   r80,90  =     267   134  (   )   1   (10)   -­‐1   r80,90  =  0.07     SOLUTION
  67. 67. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 Now  that  we  have  the  value  of   r,  let’s  plug  it  in  to  the   compounded  growth  formula   and  assign  new  time  and   population  values,  where  the   2020  population  is  missing.   COMPOUNDED GROWTH RATE Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) t1  =  2010   t2  =  2020   Pt1    =  644   Pt2  =  ?  
  68. 68. PSA Area 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 Taguig 55 74 134 267 381 467 644 NCR 3,957 4,970 5,926 7,948 9,454 9,932 11,836 PHILS 36,684 42,070 48,098 60,703 68,616 76,507 92,338 COMPOUNDED GROWTH RATE Population, Census Years 1970-2010 (in thousands) r  =  0.07   t1  =  2010   t2  =  2020   Pt1    =  644   Pt2  =  ?   (t2  –  t1)     Pt2  =  Pt1  (1+r)   Pt2  =  644  (1+0.07)   2020-­‐2010   P20  =  1,266.86  thousand   SOLUTION
  69. 69. POPULATION PROJECTION COHORTS: People experiencing the same thing at the same time Age group Population Philippines, 2010 Projected Births, 2020 2020 Population Projections Projected Births, 2030 2030 Population Projections Male   Female   Male   Female   Male   Female   0-9 109 104 117 112 10-19 99 95 57 108 104 20-29 84 83 108 98 94 30-39 65 65 64 83 82 40-49 51 50 63 64 50-59 35 35 47 48 60+ 29 34 45 52 COHORT SURVIVAL (in 100 thousands)
  70. 70. POPULATION PROJECTION COHORTS: People experiencing the same thing at the same time Age group Population Philippines, 2010 Projected Births, 2020 2020 Population Projections Projected Births, 2030 2030 Population Projections Male   Female   Male   Female   Male   Female   0-9 109 104 117 112 10-19 99 95 57 108 104 20-29 84 83 108 98 94 ? ? 30-39 65 65 64 83 82 40-49 51 50 63 64 50-59 35 35 47 48 60+ 29 34 45 52 COHORT SURVIVAL (in 100 thousands)
  71. 71. THE LOCAL ECONOMY
  72. 72. INDUSTRIES Employment of smaller reference area, industry x Total employment of smaller reference area, industry x Employment of larger reference area, industry x Total employment of larger reference area, industry x Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary Quinary
  73. 73. THE LOCAL ECONOMY LINKAGES  Connections  between  industries    May  be  forward,  backward,  supporting,  etc.    
  74. 74. LINKAGES https://hazygreen.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/tamban1.jpg
  75. 75. LINKAGES http://static.rappler.com/images/sardine-fishing-basilan-20130312.jpg http://www.pcaarrd.dost.gov.ph/home/ssentinel/images/stories/2014/img120214_01a.jpg http://www.dipolognon.com/111104MontanoProducts.JPG http://www.dipolognon.com/111104MontanoProducts.JPG
  76. 76. LINKAGES http://previews.123rf.com/images/badboo/badboo0704/badboo070400030/889144-Blank-food- can-over-white-background-Stock-Photo.jpg http://charlottetown.kkpcanada.ca/Assets/Corporate/Images/marketing1.jpg http://luganofurniture.com/media/wysiwyg/shipping-stock2.gif http://farm7.static.flickr.com/6067/6108511422_7dc6be98bd_m.jpg http://dipologcity.com/1st%20Sardines&Mango%20Festival3.JPG http://img12.deviantart.net/2058/i/2005/099/7/8/down_at_the_sari_sari_shop_by_misstiza.jpg http://www.alphagraphics.com/images/1600/filestorage/4023/marketing.jpg http://thumbs4.ebaystatic.com/d/l225/m/m70ocWOvGQHHU13betzGHDw.jpg http://www.lakwatsero.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Zamboanga.jpg
  77. 77. THE LOCAL ECONOMY LOCATION QUOTIENT  Specialization  of  an  area  with  regard  to  a  larger  reference  area    Measured  in  terms  of  employment    Can  be  expressed  in  %  or  proportion    If  greater  than  1,  the  specialization  has  a  comparative  advantage      among  other  industries        
  78. 78. LOCATION QUOTIENT Employment of smaller reference area, industry x Total employment of smaller reference area, industry x Employment of larger reference area, industry x Total employment of larger reference area, industry x Percent employment in smaller area Percent employment in larger area
  79. 79. LOCATION QUOTIENT Employment of smaller reference area, industry x Total employment of smaller reference area, industry x Employment of larger reference area, industry x Total employment of larger reference area, industry x Region Total Primary Secondary Tertiary Philippines 30,439 11,410 4,568 14,461 NCR 4,002 52 902 3,048 CAR 562 333 55 174 Region I 1,622 734 194 694 Region II 1,221 712 88 421 Does  Region  I  specialize  in  tertiary  industries?   EMPLOYMENT (in thousands) by industry group, 2002 PSA
  80. 80. LOCATION QUOTIENT Employment of smaller reference area, industry x Total employment of smaller reference area, industry x Region Total Primary Secondary Tertiary Philippines 30,439 11,410 4,568 14,461 NCR 4,002 52 902 3,048 CAR 562 333 55 174 Region I 1,622 734 194 694 Region II 1,221 712 88 421 EMPLOYMENT (in thousands) by industry group, 2002 PSA % employment, R1 tertiary % employment, country tertiary 694 1,622 14,461 30,439 0.89 < 1 SOLUTION
  81. 81. LOCATION QUOTIENT Employment of smaller reference area, industry x Total employment of smaller reference area, industry x Employment of larger reference area, industry x Total employment of larger reference area, industry x Region Total Primary Secondary Tertiary Philippines 30,439 11,410 4,568 14,461 NCR 4,002 52 902 3,048 CAR 562 333 55 174 Region I 1,622 734 194 694 Region II 1,221 712 88 421 Does  NCR  specialize  in  tertiary  industries?   EMPLOYMENT (in thousands) by industry group, 2002 PSA
  82. 82. LOCATION QUOTIENT Employment of smaller reference area, industry x Total employment of smaller reference area, industry x Region Total Primary Secondary Tertiary Philippines 30,439 11,410 4,568 14,461 NCR 4,002 52 902 3,048 CAR 562 333 55 174 Region I 1,622 734 194 694 Region II 1,221 712 88 421 EMPLOYMENT (in thousands) by industry group, 2002 PSA % employment, NCR tertiary % employment, country tertiary 3,042 4,002 14,461 30,439 1.62 > 1 SOLUTION
  83. 83. BASIC RESEARCH
  84. 84. QUESTIONNAIRES FOCUS GROUPS INTERVIEWS CASE STUDY APPRAISAL EIA
  85. 85. CENTRAL TENDENCY   HYPOTHESIS µ DISTRIBUTION PARTICIPATORY MAPPING SWOT ANALYSIS GIS S  W   O  T  
  86. 86. GIS
  87. 87. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS What  goes  where   https://www.gislounge.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/gis_layers.png
  88. 88. LOCATION DATA
  89. 89. LOCATION DATA ATTRIBUTE DATA
  90. 90. LOCATION DATA ATTRIBUTE DATA
  91. 91. GIS HISTORY
  92. 92. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 1962 Roger  Tomlinson,   the  “Father  of  GIS,”   pioneers  the  Jield.   His  work  is   recognized  as  the   ‘beginning  of  GIS.’  
  93. 93. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 1965 Dec 1 Origin  of  the  “GIS”  term  
  94. 94. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 1966 URISA  (Urban  and  Regional  Information  Systems   Association)  was  established.  The  Jirst  conference   was  held  in  1967  in  Garden  City,  New  York.  
  95. 95. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 1969 ESRI   (Environmental   Systems  Research   Institute)  was   established  by  Jack   and  Laura   Dangermond  
  96. 96. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ https://suzanneodonovan.files.wordpress.com/ 2013/06/7_mcharg-staten-island.jpg 1969 Design  with   Nature  by  Ian   McHarg  was   published,   advocating  for   responsible   landscape   planning.  
  97. 97. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ http://space.skyrocket.de/img_sat/landsat-1.jpg 1972, July 23 The  Jirst  Landsat   satellite  was   launched.  This  began   the  monitoring  of  the   earth  through  remote   sensing.  
  98. 98. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 1979 MOSS  (Map  Overlay  and  Statistical  System),  the   earliest  open  source  GIS,  became  operational  in  1979.     It  was  developed  by  the  US  Department  of  Interior  
  99. 99. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 1982 ARC/INFO  was  released   by  ESRI.  This  was  the   Jirst  commercial   software  of  GIS  that  was   released  publicly.     1985 Grass  GIS  was  released.     1991 ArcView  was  released.  
  100. 100. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 1999 ArcGIS,  the  “overhaul”   of  GIS  software,  was   released  by  ESRI.       2002 QGIS  was  Jirst  released.   It  is  the  biggest  open   source  GIS  software  to   date.  
  101. 101. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 2004 August OpenStreetMap  was   founded  in  the  UK.  
  102. 102. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 2005 February Google  Maps  was  launched.    
  103. 103. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 2005 June Google  Earth  was  released.  
  104. 104. https://www.gislounge.com/gis-timeline/ 2007 May Street  View  was  launched.  
  105. 105. littlemissurbanite.wordpress.com 1  Mindsetting  and  preparatory  activities   2  Exam  overview   3  Application   4  Expectations   5  Planning  bibles   + lots and lots of TIPS. J
  106. 106. Thank  you  to  my  profs  for  the  knowledge     ROSARIO “CHIT” JIMENEZ JUN CASTRO RACHEL RACELIS JOEY REGUNAY CARMI LIWAG CHUMMY CHAVES And  to  my  study  buddies  for  greater  appreciation   and  the  big  #push  
  107. 107. RESOURCES RATIONALIZED PLANNING SYSTEM http://www.dilg.gov.ph/PDF_File/reports_resources/DILG-Reports-2011712- ea7ba5859e.pdf RA 7160 (THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE) http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1991/ra_7160_1991.html HLURB GUIDEBOOKS http://hlurb.gov.ph/local-government-units/?tabgarb=tab3 PHILIPPINE DEVELOPMENT PLAN http://www.neda.gov.ph/2013/10/21/philippine-development-plan-2011-2016/

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