Most companies with high-hazard activities have a formalized process for analyzing incidents and learning from experience. The terminology used depends on the industry sector: incident reporting in the chemical industry, operational experience feedback in the nuclear industry, and lessons learned analysis in the military. This activity is often a requirement imposed by the regulator. These slides describe how firms implement an operational experience feedback process, and discuss some research on organizational learning and its implications for safety management.
Part of the free https://risk-engineering.org/ course materials.