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2022_Print_News_WK1 1.pptx

  2. Introduction to Journalism
  3. LECTURE OUTLINE What is journalism? 1 Introduction to news/ reporting 2 Introduction to Newsroom Organogram 3 Skills of a good journalist 4 Conclusion 5
  4. WHAT IS JOURNALISM • Journalism is the activity of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information. It is also the product of these activities (American Press Institute, 2018). • The profession of journalism is a highly responsible one calling for outstanding qualities of mind and character and one which places demands on those practices. • Journalism is defined by Denis McQuail as paid writing for public media with reference to actual and ongoing events of public relevance.
  5. What makes journalism different from other forms of communication? Journalism is a form of communication, but it's distinct from other forms. It is unique because it's a one-way message, or story, from the journalist to the audience. It's most unique because the message isn't the journalist's personal story or subjective thoughts. Instead, the journalist acts as a conduit, narrating an objective story about something that happened or is happening, base d on his or her observations and discoveries. This type of storytelling comes in many different forms, including: • Breaking news • Feature stories • Investigative reports • Editorials • Reviews • Blogs
  6. Journalism comes in several different forms: I. NEWS • A. Breaking news: Telling about an event as it happens. • B. Feature stories: A detailed look at something interesting that's not breaking news • C. Enterprise or Investigative stories: Stories that uncover information that few people knew. II. OPINION • A. Editorials: Unsigned articles that express a publication's opinion. • B. Columns: Signed articles that express the writer's reporting and his conclusions. • C. Reviews: Such as concert, restaurant or movie reviews. III. ONLINE, journalism can come in the forms listed above, as well as: · Blogs: Online diaries kept by individuals or small groups. · Discussion boards: Online question and answer pages where anyone can participate. · Wikis: Articles that any reader can add to or change.
  7. PRINT MEDIA JOURNALISM • Print media is one of the oldest and basic forms of mass communication. It includes newspapers, magazines, and other forms of printed material. • A basic understanding of the print media is essential in the study of mass communication. Even after the advent of electronic media, the print media has not lost its charm or relevance. Print media has the advantage of making a longer impact on the minds of the reader, with more in-depth reporting and analysis. • Professionals of this stream are – staff correspondents, special correspondents, news editors, chief-editors, political commentators, cartoonists, columnists, feature writers, content writers, etc.
  8. REPORTING How do you get the facts for your news story? By reporting! There are three main ways to gather information for a news story or opinion piece: 1. Interviews: Talking with people who know something about the story you are reporting. 2. Observation: Watching and listening where news is taking place. 3. Documents: Reading stories, reports, public records and other printed material.
  9. Journalism skills • An ability to ask questions and understand answers in national and local languages. • Observation skills • The ability to quickly and efficiently gather, understand and select information related to a story through interviewing, from published and internet sources and using investigation techniques. • The ability to take accurate notes. • Techniques for checking and corroborating information • Arithmetical skills and a basic knowledge of statistics and survey method
  10. Journalism skills • An ability to write accurately, clearly, correctly, concisely, and engagingly in journalism story forms. • Broadcast journalist know how to write for the voice and sound to pictures • Recognizing and writing a lead paragraph or introduction that is central to the story and engages the reader/listener/viewer. • Writing skills • Skilled use in the tools of journalism in editing, designing, and production material, for print, broadcast and online media.
  11. Journalism skills • Familiarity with present and past examples of best practice in journalism in one’s own country and the world. • An understanding of journalism ethics, including the rights and responsibilities of the journalist • Workplace competencies • Journalism and society.
  12. What makes a good journalist? Discussions • Why study journalism? • Did you get any interest in the profession? • What role do you see for yourself as a journalist? • The performance of the media in Ghana. • Role of the media in a democracy. • Trained, committed journalist serve as a bridge between government and the people. • Read a newspaper and make a list of stories; In your opinion, is the story fair and balanced report? Listen to Tv and radio news broadcast. Write dow n the top stories of the day.
  13. Thank you