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Health 2.0 Amsterdam: Prof. Meike Bartels from VU University

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Prof. Meike Bartels from Department of Biological Psychology at VU University presented us with the current state theories on effects of genes on the overall happiness and wellbeing.

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Health 2.0 Amsterdam: Prof. Meike Bartels from VU University

  1. 1. Individual(Differences(in(Wellbeing(( and(the(overlap(with(health(and(behavior(( ( Prof.(Dr.(Meike(Bartels( Department(of(Biological(Psychology( VU(University(Amsterdam(
  2. 2. Major(Depressive(Disorder(–(Global(Burden(of(Disease(2010((((((( Ferrari(et(al,(2013,(Plos(Medicine ( ( ( ( ( (YLD=(years(lived(with(disabiliNes(
  3. 3. (( (( (( (( (( University(of(Leiceter,(2006(
  4. 4. (( (( (( (( (( UNICEF(2007(
  5. 5. How(to(measure(WellXbeing?( (( (( (( (( (( Science(January(2010( Science(29(January(2010:(Vol.(327(no.(5965(pp.(534X535((
  6. 6. Individual Differences Large groups of people live healthy and happy lives
  7. 7. GENES( ENVIRONMENT( SHARED(ENVIRONMENT( UNIQUE(ENVIRONMENT(
  8. 8. Twins( IdenNcal(=(MonozygoNc((MZ)(( Fraternal(=(DizygoNc((DZ)(
  9. 9. The(Classical(Twin(Design(
  10. 10. Causes(of(Individual(Differences(in(Wellbeing( Bartels(et(al,(2013( Kendler(et(al.,(2011( Nes(et(al.,(2010( Bartels(et(al,(2010( A( Bartels(et(al.,(2009( D( E( Stubbe(et(al.,(2005( Røysamb(et(al.,(2002(( Lykken(&(Tellegen,(1996(( Tellegen(et(al.,(1988(( 0%( 10%( 20%( 30%( 40%( 50%( 60%( 70%( 80%( 90%( 100%(
  11. 11. Current State of Art GENES- 40% ENVIRONMENT- 60%
  12. 12. Overlap(WellXbeing(and(Psychopathology( ATTENTION(PROBLEMSf( ATTENTION(PROBLEMSm( 69%( 71%( 31%( 75%( 29%( (X.26,(X.20)( ( X.26( (X.29,(X.23)( 29%( 24%( X.28( (X.30,(X.25)( (X.31,(X.25)( 63%( 45%( 33%( X.32( (X.34,(X.30)( X.34( X.35( (X.36,(X.31)( ( (X.37,(X.32)( X.40( X.35( (X.38,(X.33)( 37%( X0.40( 43%( 29%( X0.30( X.28( 16%( 71%( 34%( (7%( X.23( X.25( (X.28,(X.23)( THOUGHT(PROBLEMSf( 84%( 66%( ( THOUGHT(PROBLEMSm( SOCIAL(PROBLEMSf( SOCIAL(PROBLEMSm( (X.21,(X.15)( 28%( 57%( 93%( (X.21,(X.14)( 72%( ((10%( (((17%( 90%( 83%( X.18( X.18( X.19( (X.21,(X.15)( AGGRESSIVE(BEHAVIORf( RULEXBREAKINGf( RULEXBREAKINGm( 71%( 33%( X0.20( AGGRESSIVE(BEHAVIORm( ANXIOUS/DEPRESSEDf( ((((67%( X0.10( ANXIOUS/DEPRESSEDm( 67%( SOCIAL(COMPLAINTSf( WITHDRAWNf( 55%( SOCIAL(COMPLAINTSm( WITHDRAWNm( 0.00( (X.42,(X.37)( ( ( X.44( (X.46,(X.41)( X0.50( X.51( (X.53,(X.48)( ( Nonshared(Environmental(Part(of(the(Phenotypic(CorrelaNon( X0.60( X.58( (X.60,(X.56)( Shared(Environmental(Part(of(the(Phenotypic(CorrelaNon( AddiNve(GeneNc(Part(of(the(Phenotypic(CorrelaNon( X0.70( Bartels(et(al,(Behavior(GeneNcs(2013(
  13. 13. Bartels(et(al,(Behavior(GeneNcs(2013(
  14. 14. (( (( (( (( ((
  15. 15. (( (( (( (( ((
  16. 16. Is(WellXbeing(Stable(within(a(person?( SetXpoint(Theory(–(Hedonic(TreadmillX(Dynamic(Equilibrium( even(though(external(forces(are(constantly(changing(our(lives(and(our(life( goals,(happiness(is(a(relaNvely(constant(state(
  17. 17. Science,(Aug(2009( Dodds(and(Danforth,(Journal(of(Happiness(studies(2010,(Science(Vol(325(2009(
  18. 18. PNAS,(jan(2014(
  19. 19. To(be(conNnued:( X  The(search(for(genes( X  The(search(for(geneXenvironment(interplay((epigeneNcs)(

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