5G: a revolution or an evolution for IoT by Merouane DEBBAH, Huawei

E
1
5G: An Evolution or a
Revolution?
Mérouane Debbah
Mathematical and Algorithmic Sciences Lab, Huawei,
France
November 24st, 2016
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 2
Huawei was founded in Shenzhen, China’s Special Economic
Zone
Huawei, a private company, was founded by Ren Zhengfei and several other
investors with an investment of US$3,500. At that time, the company was a reseller of
PBX switches of Hong Kong Hong Nian Company.
Huawei developed C&C08 digital switches, which were primarily deployed in
rural areas.
Huawei started engaging global top consulting firms for management
transformations.
Huawei established its first international R&D center in
Bangalore, India.
Huawei became a preferred supplier for top carriers such as British
Telecom and Vodafone. Revenue from Asia Pacific, the Americas, and
EMEA exceeded domestic market for the first time.
Huawei transformed itself from a CT company to an ICT company and
established three BGs: Carrier BG, Enterprise BG, and Consumer BG.
Shenzhen in
the early 1980s
Shenzhen after
three decades
1987
1993
1997
1999
2005
2010
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 3
 Carrier :77% Huawei's revenue generated from the carrier network business i
from world's top 50 carriers
 Enterprise : serving more than 100 global top 500 companies
 Consumer : raising the brand awareness to 65%
 A leading global ICT solutions provider
 A Fortune Global 500 company, ranking 285 in 2014
 Interbrand Top 100 Best Global Brands
 170,000+ employees worldwide
 45% or 76,000+ employees engaged in R&D
 LinkedIn World's 100 Most InDemand
Employers
Who is Huawei
 US$46.5B revenue in 2014
 Serving 1/3 of the world's population
Market Progress
Employees
Business Areas
Today, Huawei is a leading ICT company
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 4
R&D center
Huawei Headquarters
Technical support center
Accounting shared service center
Supply center & Hub
Training center
Bidding center
Argentina
Mauritius
Malaysia
Romania
China
India
Hungary
Brazil
Mexico
Netherlands
UAE
Bahrain
Germany
Toronto
Ottawa
Silicon Valley
Globalized resource deployment and localized
business operations
 Operations in 170+ countries and regions; 170,000+ employees comprised of 160+ nationalities worldwide ; 30,000+ non-Chinese employees
with 75%+ localization rate.
 Huawei's global value chain allows fluid capability transfer across the globe, develops and retains talent in local countries, and creates jobs and
economic opportunities.
5
Trends & Insights
4.5G: new benchmark for 5G?
5G, where are we?
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 6
Useful Clarifications: IMT 2020 or « 5G »
 IMT 2020 is the actual effort to define next generation cellular
technology.
 What is means in practice is that, when the discussion starts, 3GPP will
import the relevant IMT 2020 requirements and add its own requirements
on top of that.
 “5G” will remain a marketing term that companies will use (like it was
the case for “4G”)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 7
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 8
9
Trends & Insights
4.5G: new benchmark for 5G?
5G Revolution and Challenges
10
5G
2009 2015
2020
People
Giga World
Things
IoT Market
4.5G4G
MBB2020
Opening Giga Mobile World, Empowering Vertical Markets
4.5G Vision
2x MBB Users
10x Data Usage/month
7.5x C-IoT Conn.3b
6.7b
11
4.5G
Experience 4.0
VoiceHD
HD Voice HD Video
Connection+
NB-IoT, MC
PTT
…
HD
Vide
o
Gbps
Cloud VR/A
R
2K/4K
Video
4.5G, Engine of
New Services, New Experience, New Markets
12
Connection+ (NB-IoT & LiTRA)
13
Connection +
Macro
NB-IoT
--LTE integrated Trunked Radio
1 LiTRA2
2B
Requirements
l Small Packet
(<100kbps)
l Deep Coverage
(20dB)
l Low power (10 Years)
l Low cost (<$5)
0.8B
0.2B
Connections in 2020
(Billion)
 Camera
 Electronic billboards…
Market
Segment
LPWA: Low Power Wide Area
3G/4G
Technology
GSM/GPRS/CDMA
LTE MTC(R12, R13)
Zigbee, Bluetooth
WiFi, Sigfox, LoRa
NB-IoT…
l >10Mbps
l ~1Mbps
l Low power
consumption
 Smart Home
 POS…
 Sensors, Meters
 Asset Tracking
 Smart Parking
 Smart agriculture …
By 2020, LPWA to Represent 70% of Cellular IoT Connections
14
15
200kHz 200kHz200kHz
LTE
Bandwidth
20MHz
1.4
MHz
3
MHz
5
MHz
10MHz 15MHz
Standalone LTE Guard Band LTE In Band
10-year Battery Life
PSM State
Data Wake up
20+dB Gain Over 2G
Coverage
9~12 dB
N Repetitions~17dB
NB-IoT Controller Service
Platform
DL DataSingleRAN
(2G/3G/4G/NB-IoT)
SingleRAN Based Network
NB-IoT
200KHz
NB-IoT Network Performance
Higher Power density
PSM: Power Saving Mode
Location accuracy (NB-IoT UTDOA) = (1/Signaling bandwidth *Sampling accuracy) *c
(1/500K * 1/40) * 3*10^8= 15m
18Q2: Dedicated Positioning Reference Symbol: 3 sites for location ->4+ sites for location
18Q2: Multi carrier Frequency Spread, Signaling Bandwidth 180K->400K
17Q2: Multi tone. Signaling Bandwidth 15K->180K
18Q2: Sampling Accuracy 1/40->1/100
Positioning: NB-IoT Positioning Solution
eNodeB 2
eNodeB 0
eNodeB 1
LoRA NB-IoT(17B) NB-IoT(18A/B)
Signaling bandwidth 500K 180K Multi carrier
Sampling accuracy 1/40 1/40 1/100
Final accuracy ~20m 50~100m 10~20m
C:Speed of Light
16
Scenarios
 High site density
 High interference
throughput improvement in cell edgeThroughput degrading due to serious
interference in cell edge.
Normal cells
SFN cells
Same PCI
Different PCI
Joint Transmission &Joint Receiving in cell edge
Topology: SFN
40%
17
18
NB-IoT
(add-on)
Reuse Existing Antenna
Reuse Existing OSS
Reuse Existing Baseband
Reuse Existing RF
eNodeB
Site: SingleRAN Support Upgrading Smoothly to NB-IoT
19
Module
Chipset
Device
Vertical Industry
2015 2016
NB-IoT E2E Ecosystem Update
20
Accelerate the Adoption of More Use Cases
Pet Tracking
Smart Parking
Gas Meter
Water Meter
4 Use Cases 50 Use Cases
Environmental
Monitoring
Smart Band
Liquid and
Pressurized Fuels
Smart Bike
Smart Vending
Waste Bin
Smoke and Fire
Alarms
Water Bin
2015 2016
21
UK
 Developers from Different Parties for Idea Exchange to Empower
Innovation
Dubai,
UAE
Beijing ,
China
Seoul ,
Korea
Italy
Shanghai ,C
hina
NB-IoT Open Labs
 Live NB-IoT Service and Network, Software Simulating Tools,
Working Spaces
 Provide Different API, SDK and Other Resource to Facilitate Rapid
Application Deployment on Different Platform
22
Standardization of NB-IoT Completed
R14 kick off R14 frozen
2016.03 2016.05 2016.06 2016.09 2017.03
NB-IoT
eMTC
EC-GSM
R13 Completed
RAN1
RAN2
RAN3
R13 Completed
RAN1
RAN2
RAN3
R13
GERAN2(Performance)
R13
RAN4(Performance)
R13
RAN4(Performance)
R13 Completed
GERAN1
R14
Positioning
Multicast
Non-Anchor PRB enhancements
Mobility and service continuity
enhancement
New Power Class
R14
Positioning
R14
Positioning
Multicast
Mobility
enhancements
Higher data rates
VoLTE
5 USD Module is Competitive for LPWA Market
$30
$15 $15
$10 $9 $8 $8
$5
CAT4 CAT1 CAT0
(MTC)
CAT-M
(eMTC)
Sigfox GPRS LoRa NB-IoT
ONLY NB-IoT
can do it
23
24
Sigfox LoRa EC-GSM Cat-1 Cat-0 eMTC NB-IoT
Standardization Private Open 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP
Spectrum Unlicensed Unlicensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Licensed
Channel BW 100Hz 7.8~500kHz 200kHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4MHz 180KHz
System BW 100KHz 125kHz 1.4MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4MHz 180KHz
Peak Data Rate
UL:100bps
DL:600bps
180bps~37.5kbps
DL: 74kbps
UL:74kbps
DL:10Mbps
UL:5Mbps
DL:2Mbps
UL:1Mbps
DL:800kbps
UL:1Mbps
DL:234.7kbps
UL:204.8kbps
Max. number of
Message per day
140(Device)
50000(BTS)
50000(BTS) unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimited
Device Peak
Tx Power 14dBm 14dBm 26dBm 23dBm 23dBm 23dBm 23dBm
MCL(Maximum
Coupling Loss)
UL:156dB
DL: 147dB
UL: 156dB
DL:
168(SF12, BW7.8)
132(SF6, BW125)
164dB 144dB 144dB 156dB 164dB
Device Power
Consumption Low Low-Medium Low Medium Medium Low-Medium Low
LPWA Technologies Overview
25
Trends & Insights
4.5G: a new benchmark for 5G?
5G Revolution and Challenges
26
5G Activities All Over The World
Countries and projects where 5G is studied, Asia is leading the 5G verification/trial
11-2012
European Union METIS 2020 Project
29 members
€27 million investment
DoCoMo joint 5G research
with 13 vendors
12-2013
European Union 5G PPP Project
€125 million investment for 5G (initial EU funding)
>€700 million investment funding in 2014-2020
Update on 02-2014: €4B investment in 2014-2020
11-2013
Huawei 5G research
investment ~$600 million
China Gov 5G funding
¥160 million in 2013 only
MIIT launch of IMT-2020
Promotion Group or 5G
Targeting 2020 commercialization
10-2012
UK Gov."5G Innovation Centre“
at the University of Surrey
150 researchers, ~100 PHDs
£41 million investment
Launch of 5G Forum in 2013
South Korea Gov. $1.5B
funding in developing and
rolling out trial 5G services by
2017,Commercial services by
2020
CMCC 5G Project
03-2014
Germany and UK 5G research project
On 24-02-2014 NGMN has made a decision to focus the future NGMN work programme on defining the end-to-end requirements for 5G
Alliance representing 21 mobile operators around the world
5GMF set up on 09-2014,
verification from 2017
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 27
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 28
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 29
5G: a revolution or an evolution for IoT by Merouane DEBBAH, Huawei
31
Diversified Challenges and Gaps to Reach 5G
Network
Architecture
Slicing
Ability
Required
Connections
1,000K
Connections
Per km2
Mobility
500km/h
High-speed
Railway
Throughput
10Gbps
Per
Connection
Latency
1 ms
E2E
Latency
5G
100Mbps 10K 350Km/h30~50ms Inflexible
LTEGAP
30~50x 100x 100x 1.5x NFV/SDN
32
3GPP: 5G Timeline
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 2019 2020 20212017 2022
Rel-10 Rel-11 Rel-12 Rel-13 Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16
3GPP
Req., Eval.
Criteria
ITU Workshop
Proposal
WRC-12 WRC-15 WRC-19
Spec.
ITU-R
LTE-Advanced (4G)
Eval
Rel-17
5G SI(s)
UAI, other features /
enhancements
5G WI(s)
Phase-2
5G WI(s)
Phase-1
LTE-Advanced Pro (4.5G)
2018Q2
Basic
function
Verification
2020Q2
Commercial
2019Q3
IOT Test
5G
5G Standardization Process
High Frequency Channel
2018.06 2019.12
RAN Requirement & Scope (SI) Phase 1 WI Phase2 WI
2015.09 2016.03
Phase 1
Frozen
Phase 2
Frozen
Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16
2017.03
Waveform & MA
Numerology
Modulation & Coding
MIMO
Channel and
Signaling
 OFDM based waveform
 NOMA needs to be investigated
 Forward-compatible flexible frame
structure
 Full support of Massive MIMO
 Polar code and LDPC should be
included in research.
5G AI basic Consensus
Now 2016.102016.11
Kick off
3GPP SI
Charter
5G AI direction will be almost
determined in 2016.
34
New Air Interface (Huawei Innovations)
SCMA
F-OFDM
Polar Code
Full Duplex
Mobile Internet Internet of Things
Mission Critical MTC
One air interface fits many applications with high flexibility,
at least a 3x intrinsic spectrum efficiency improvement
Adaptive
Air Interface
35
Huawei Won the World’s First 5G Award
2015 LTE/5G World
Summit,Huawei was
awarded the first 5G Prize:
“Biggest Contribution to
5G Development”
1 sur 35

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5G: a revolution or an evolution for IoT by Merouane DEBBAH, Huawei

  • 1. 1 5G: An Evolution or a Revolution? Mérouane Debbah Mathematical and Algorithmic Sciences Lab, Huawei, France November 24st, 2016
  • 2. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 2 Huawei was founded in Shenzhen, China’s Special Economic Zone Huawei, a private company, was founded by Ren Zhengfei and several other investors with an investment of US$3,500. At that time, the company was a reseller of PBX switches of Hong Kong Hong Nian Company. Huawei developed C&C08 digital switches, which were primarily deployed in rural areas. Huawei started engaging global top consulting firms for management transformations. Huawei established its first international R&D center in Bangalore, India. Huawei became a preferred supplier for top carriers such as British Telecom and Vodafone. Revenue from Asia Pacific, the Americas, and EMEA exceeded domestic market for the first time. Huawei transformed itself from a CT company to an ICT company and established three BGs: Carrier BG, Enterprise BG, and Consumer BG. Shenzhen in the early 1980s Shenzhen after three decades 1987 1993 1997 1999 2005 2010
  • 3. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 3  Carrier :77% Huawei's revenue generated from the carrier network business i from world's top 50 carriers  Enterprise : serving more than 100 global top 500 companies  Consumer : raising the brand awareness to 65%  A leading global ICT solutions provider  A Fortune Global 500 company, ranking 285 in 2014  Interbrand Top 100 Best Global Brands  170,000+ employees worldwide  45% or 76,000+ employees engaged in R&D  LinkedIn World's 100 Most InDemand Employers Who is Huawei  US$46.5B revenue in 2014  Serving 1/3 of the world's population Market Progress Employees Business Areas Today, Huawei is a leading ICT company
  • 4. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 4 R&D center Huawei Headquarters Technical support center Accounting shared service center Supply center & Hub Training center Bidding center Argentina Mauritius Malaysia Romania China India Hungary Brazil Mexico Netherlands UAE Bahrain Germany Toronto Ottawa Silicon Valley Globalized resource deployment and localized business operations  Operations in 170+ countries and regions; 170,000+ employees comprised of 160+ nationalities worldwide ; 30,000+ non-Chinese employees with 75%+ localization rate.  Huawei's global value chain allows fluid capability transfer across the globe, develops and retains talent in local countries, and creates jobs and economic opportunities.
  • 5. 5 Trends & Insights 4.5G: new benchmark for 5G? 5G, where are we?
  • 6. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 6 Useful Clarifications: IMT 2020 or « 5G »  IMT 2020 is the actual effort to define next generation cellular technology.  What is means in practice is that, when the discussion starts, 3GPP will import the relevant IMT 2020 requirements and add its own requirements on top of that.  “5G” will remain a marketing term that companies will use (like it was the case for “4G”)
  • 7. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 7
  • 8. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 8
  • 9. 9 Trends & Insights 4.5G: new benchmark for 5G? 5G Revolution and Challenges
  • 10. 10 5G 2009 2015 2020 People Giga World Things IoT Market 4.5G4G MBB2020 Opening Giga Mobile World, Empowering Vertical Markets 4.5G Vision 2x MBB Users 10x Data Usage/month 7.5x C-IoT Conn.3b 6.7b
  • 11. 11 4.5G Experience 4.0 VoiceHD HD Voice HD Video Connection+ NB-IoT, MC PTT … HD Vide o Gbps Cloud VR/A R 2K/4K Video 4.5G, Engine of New Services, New Experience, New Markets
  • 14. 2B Requirements l Small Packet (<100kbps) l Deep Coverage (20dB) l Low power (10 Years) l Low cost (<$5) 0.8B 0.2B Connections in 2020 (Billion)  Camera  Electronic billboards… Market Segment LPWA: Low Power Wide Area 3G/4G Technology GSM/GPRS/CDMA LTE MTC(R12, R13) Zigbee, Bluetooth WiFi, Sigfox, LoRa NB-IoT… l >10Mbps l ~1Mbps l Low power consumption  Smart Home  POS…  Sensors, Meters  Asset Tracking  Smart Parking  Smart agriculture … By 2020, LPWA to Represent 70% of Cellular IoT Connections 14
  • 15. 15 200kHz 200kHz200kHz LTE Bandwidth 20MHz 1.4 MHz 3 MHz 5 MHz 10MHz 15MHz Standalone LTE Guard Band LTE In Band 10-year Battery Life PSM State Data Wake up 20+dB Gain Over 2G Coverage 9~12 dB N Repetitions~17dB NB-IoT Controller Service Platform DL DataSingleRAN (2G/3G/4G/NB-IoT) SingleRAN Based Network NB-IoT 200KHz NB-IoT Network Performance Higher Power density PSM: Power Saving Mode
  • 16. Location accuracy (NB-IoT UTDOA) = (1/Signaling bandwidth *Sampling accuracy) *c (1/500K * 1/40) * 3*10^8= 15m 18Q2: Dedicated Positioning Reference Symbol: 3 sites for location ->4+ sites for location 18Q2: Multi carrier Frequency Spread, Signaling Bandwidth 180K->400K 17Q2: Multi tone. Signaling Bandwidth 15K->180K 18Q2: Sampling Accuracy 1/40->1/100 Positioning: NB-IoT Positioning Solution eNodeB 2 eNodeB 0 eNodeB 1 LoRA NB-IoT(17B) NB-IoT(18A/B) Signaling bandwidth 500K 180K Multi carrier Sampling accuracy 1/40 1/40 1/100 Final accuracy ~20m 50~100m 10~20m C:Speed of Light 16
  • 17. Scenarios  High site density  High interference throughput improvement in cell edgeThroughput degrading due to serious interference in cell edge. Normal cells SFN cells Same PCI Different PCI Joint Transmission &Joint Receiving in cell edge Topology: SFN 40% 17
  • 18. 18 NB-IoT (add-on) Reuse Existing Antenna Reuse Existing OSS Reuse Existing Baseband Reuse Existing RF eNodeB Site: SingleRAN Support Upgrading Smoothly to NB-IoT
  • 20. 20 Accelerate the Adoption of More Use Cases Pet Tracking Smart Parking Gas Meter Water Meter 4 Use Cases 50 Use Cases Environmental Monitoring Smart Band Liquid and Pressurized Fuels Smart Bike Smart Vending Waste Bin Smoke and Fire Alarms Water Bin 2015 2016
  • 21. 21 UK  Developers from Different Parties for Idea Exchange to Empower Innovation Dubai, UAE Beijing , China Seoul , Korea Italy Shanghai ,C hina NB-IoT Open Labs  Live NB-IoT Service and Network, Software Simulating Tools, Working Spaces  Provide Different API, SDK and Other Resource to Facilitate Rapid Application Deployment on Different Platform
  • 22. 22 Standardization of NB-IoT Completed R14 kick off R14 frozen 2016.03 2016.05 2016.06 2016.09 2017.03 NB-IoT eMTC EC-GSM R13 Completed RAN1 RAN2 RAN3 R13 Completed RAN1 RAN2 RAN3 R13 GERAN2(Performance) R13 RAN4(Performance) R13 RAN4(Performance) R13 Completed GERAN1 R14 Positioning Multicast Non-Anchor PRB enhancements Mobility and service continuity enhancement New Power Class R14 Positioning R14 Positioning Multicast Mobility enhancements Higher data rates VoLTE
  • 23. 5 USD Module is Competitive for LPWA Market $30 $15 $15 $10 $9 $8 $8 $5 CAT4 CAT1 CAT0 (MTC) CAT-M (eMTC) Sigfox GPRS LoRa NB-IoT ONLY NB-IoT can do it 23
  • 24. 24 Sigfox LoRa EC-GSM Cat-1 Cat-0 eMTC NB-IoT Standardization Private Open 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP Spectrum Unlicensed Unlicensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Channel BW 100Hz 7.8~500kHz 200kHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4MHz 180KHz System BW 100KHz 125kHz 1.4MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4MHz 180KHz Peak Data Rate UL:100bps DL:600bps 180bps~37.5kbps DL: 74kbps UL:74kbps DL:10Mbps UL:5Mbps DL:2Mbps UL:1Mbps DL:800kbps UL:1Mbps DL:234.7kbps UL:204.8kbps Max. number of Message per day 140(Device) 50000(BTS) 50000(BTS) unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimited Device Peak Tx Power 14dBm 14dBm 26dBm 23dBm 23dBm 23dBm 23dBm MCL(Maximum Coupling Loss) UL:156dB DL: 147dB UL: 156dB DL: 168(SF12, BW7.8) 132(SF6, BW125) 164dB 144dB 144dB 156dB 164dB Device Power Consumption Low Low-Medium Low Medium Medium Low-Medium Low LPWA Technologies Overview
  • 25. 25 Trends & Insights 4.5G: a new benchmark for 5G? 5G Revolution and Challenges
  • 26. 26 5G Activities All Over The World Countries and projects where 5G is studied, Asia is leading the 5G verification/trial 11-2012 European Union METIS 2020 Project 29 members €27 million investment DoCoMo joint 5G research with 13 vendors 12-2013 European Union 5G PPP Project €125 million investment for 5G (initial EU funding) >€700 million investment funding in 2014-2020 Update on 02-2014: €4B investment in 2014-2020 11-2013 Huawei 5G research investment ~$600 million China Gov 5G funding ¥160 million in 2013 only MIIT launch of IMT-2020 Promotion Group or 5G Targeting 2020 commercialization 10-2012 UK Gov."5G Innovation Centre“ at the University of Surrey 150 researchers, ~100 PHDs £41 million investment Launch of 5G Forum in 2013 South Korea Gov. $1.5B funding in developing and rolling out trial 5G services by 2017,Commercial services by 2020 CMCC 5G Project 03-2014 Germany and UK 5G research project On 24-02-2014 NGMN has made a decision to focus the future NGMN work programme on defining the end-to-end requirements for 5G Alliance representing 21 mobile operators around the world 5GMF set up on 09-2014, verification from 2017
  • 27. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 27
  • 28. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 28
  • 29. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 29
  • 31. 31 Diversified Challenges and Gaps to Reach 5G Network Architecture Slicing Ability Required Connections 1,000K Connections Per km2 Mobility 500km/h High-speed Railway Throughput 10Gbps Per Connection Latency 1 ms E2E Latency 5G 100Mbps 10K 350Km/h30~50ms Inflexible LTEGAP 30~50x 100x 100x 1.5x NFV/SDN
  • 32. 32 3GPP: 5G Timeline 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 2019 2020 20212017 2022 Rel-10 Rel-11 Rel-12 Rel-13 Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16 3GPP Req., Eval. Criteria ITU Workshop Proposal WRC-12 WRC-15 WRC-19 Spec. ITU-R LTE-Advanced (4G) Eval Rel-17 5G SI(s) UAI, other features / enhancements 5G WI(s) Phase-2 5G WI(s) Phase-1 LTE-Advanced Pro (4.5G) 2018Q2 Basic function Verification 2020Q2 Commercial 2019Q3 IOT Test 5G
  • 33. 5G Standardization Process High Frequency Channel 2018.06 2019.12 RAN Requirement & Scope (SI) Phase 1 WI Phase2 WI 2015.09 2016.03 Phase 1 Frozen Phase 2 Frozen Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16 2017.03 Waveform & MA Numerology Modulation & Coding MIMO Channel and Signaling  OFDM based waveform  NOMA needs to be investigated  Forward-compatible flexible frame structure  Full support of Massive MIMO  Polar code and LDPC should be included in research. 5G AI basic Consensus Now 2016.102016.11 Kick off 3GPP SI Charter 5G AI direction will be almost determined in 2016.
  • 34. 34 New Air Interface (Huawei Innovations) SCMA F-OFDM Polar Code Full Duplex Mobile Internet Internet of Things Mission Critical MTC One air interface fits many applications with high flexibility, at least a 3x intrinsic spectrum efficiency improvement Adaptive Air Interface
  • 35. 35 Huawei Won the World’s First 5G Award 2015 LTE/5G World Summit,Huawei was awarded the first 5G Prize: “Biggest Contribution to 5G Development”