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Switzerland

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Information about switzerland

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Switzerland

  1. 1. Switzerland (in Slovak unofficial andSwitzerland (in Slovak unofficial and Helvécia, in Latin Helvetia), long shapeHelvécia, in Latin Helvetia), long shape Switzerland is a landlocked federal state inSwitzerland is a landlocked federal state in central Europe, which is adjacent tocentral Europe, which is adjacent to Germany, France, Italy, Austria andGermany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The country has a longLiechtenstein. The country has a long tradition of political and military neutrality,tradition of political and military neutrality, but also international cooperation and thebut also international cooperation and the seat of several international organizations.seat of several international organizations.
  2. 2. Switzerland with its area of 41,000 square​​Switzerland with its area of 41,000 square​​ kilometers is a small country. Thekilometers is a small country. The population of the country's 7.4 millionpopulation of the country's 7.4 million inhabitants, the population density is 184 /inhabitants, the population density is 184 / km², which is comparable with the USkm², which is comparable with the US state of Maryland.state of Maryland.
  3. 3. In Switzerland, we distinguish three types ofIn Switzerland, we distinguish three types of mountain areas: the Swiss Jura, Swiss plateaumountain areas: the Swiss Jura, Swiss plateau and the Swiss Alps.and the Swiss Alps.
  4. 4. Jura is a narrow, 250 km long limestoneJura is a narrow, 250 km long limestone mountain with a height of up to 1700 m a. m.mountain with a height of up to 1700 m a. m. Jura is separated from the Alps to the south ofJura is separated from the Alps to the south of Lake Geneva and the arc stretches along theLake Geneva and the arc stretches along the border with France. It covers about 10% of theborder with France. It covers about 10% of the country.country.
  5. 5.  Swiss Alps make up more than 57% of the country belong mostly toSwiss Alps make up more than 57% of the country belong mostly to western Alps. Extend mainly in the southwest to the northeast. Theywestern Alps. Extend mainly in the southwest to the northeast. They are divided into northern and southern zone. The northern part ofare divided into northern and southern zone. The northern part of the Swiss Alps form the Bernese Alps in the west and the Glarusthe Swiss Alps form the Bernese Alps in the west and the Glarus Alps. The southern part is the Pennine Alps, Ticino Alps andAlps. The southern part is the Pennine Alps, Ticino Alps and Bündner Alps. The center of the Swiss Alps is the massive St.Bündner Alps. The center of the Swiss Alps is the massive St. Gotthard. The highest peaks of the Swiss Alps is DufourspitzeGotthard. The highest peaks of the Swiss Alps is Dufourspitze (Dufour Peak 4634 m). Sources here several European rivers: Aare,(Dufour Peak 4634 m). Sources here several European rivers: Aare, Rhine, Rhone and Inn.Rhine, Rhone and Inn.
  6. 6.  Swiss plateau covers about 37% of the country. LocatedSwiss plateau covers about 37% of the country. Located between the Jura and the Alps and the Geneva andbetween the Jura and the Alps and the Geneva and Lake Constance. At its heart lies the town of Bern.Lake Constance. At its heart lies the town of Bern. Lakes, valleys and hills on it incurred the action of theLakes, valleys and hills on it incurred the action of the iceberg. The upland is the economic center of theiceberg. The upland is the economic center of the country.country.
  7. 7. In Switzerland it is highly developed road andIn Switzerland it is highly developed road and rail transport network. Roads are known for theirrail transport network. Roads are known for their quality, not just highways, but also regionalquality, not just highways, but also regional roads of lower categories. Regular bus service isroads of lower categories. Regular bus service is out to every alpine village. Paths lead just afterout to every alpine village. Paths lead just after the section of the bridge, but especially throughthe section of the bridge, but especially through many tunnels, which are perhaps the most inmany tunnels, which are perhaps the most in Europe. Rail transport is known for comfort,Europe. Rail transport is known for comfort, speed and accuracy in particular. Anspeed and accuracy in particular. An unforgettable experience is a way known to theunforgettable experience is a way known to the Alpine Express. After a number of large lakesAlpine Express. After a number of large lakes shuttle operates passenger ships as localshuttle operates passenger ships as local transportation.
  8. 8.  Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the SwissFreedom of religion is guaranteed by the Swiss Constitution (Article 15 of the Constitution). AConstitution (Article 15 of the Constitution). A referendum in 1973, were deleted from the Constitutionreferendum in 1973, were deleted from the Constitution articles defending the Jesuit order settle in the country,articles defending the Jesuit order settle in the country, which were part of the Constitution since 1848.which were part of the Constitution since 1848.  In the country there is no official state church, most ofIn the country there is no official state church, most of the cantons (except Geneva and Neuchâtel) arethe cantons (except Geneva and Neuchâtel) are financially supported by either the Roman Catholicfinancially supported by either the Roman Catholic Church, Old Catholic Church or the Swiss ReformedChurch, Old Catholic Church or the Swiss Reformed Church.Church.  Representation of members of different faiths: RomanRepresentation of members of different faiths: Roman Catholics 41.82%, the Swiss Reformed Church, 33.04%,Catholics 41.82%, the Swiss Reformed Church, 33.04%, 1.94% other Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses 0.49%,1.94% other Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses 0.49%, Muslims 4.26%, 1.80% Orthodox, Hindus 0.38 %, 0.25%Muslims 4.26%, 1.80% Orthodox, Hindus 0.38 %, 0.25% Jews, Buddhists 0.25%, 0.18% Old Catholic, no religionJews, Buddhists 0.25%, 0.18% Old Catholic, no religion 11.11% and others.11.11% and others.
  9. 9.  Swiss culture originated at the interface surroundingSwiss culture originated at the interface surrounding cultural area that has been affected. However, over timecultural area that has been affected. However, over time evolved as a separate culture. Sometimes it is difficult toevolved as a separate culture. Sometimes it is difficult to talk about Swiss culture as a homogeneous, whereastalk about Swiss culture as a homogeneous, whereas itself divided according to linguistic areas.itself divided according to linguistic areas.
  10. 10.  Switzerland has contributed significantly to theSwitzerland has contributed significantly to the development work of modern architecture (Le Corbusier,development work of modern architecture (Le Corbusier, Bill Mix), painting (Felix Vallotton, Paul Klee) andBill Mix), painting (Felix Vallotton, Paul Klee) and sculpture (Alberto Giacometti, Jean Tinguely).sculpture (Alberto Giacometti, Jean Tinguely).  Swiss music has never been well-known for the countrySwiss music has never been well-known for the country but like in Slovakia, developed folk music with folkbut like in Slovakia, developed folk music with folk dances typical for different regions. Musical Instrumentsdances typical for different regions. Musical Instruments for Switzerland is a special wind instrument alphorn,for Switzerland is a special wind instrument alphorn, previously used by shepherds. From this country arepreviously used by shepherds. From this country are known musicians such as DJ Bobo, group Celtic Frostknown musicians such as DJ Bobo, group Celtic Frost which laid the foundations extreme metal and alsowhich laid the foundations extreme metal and also progressive thrasher Coroner.progressive thrasher Coroner.
  11. 11.  Swiss official holidays are:Swiss official holidays are:  New Year's Day (January 1)New Year's Day (January 1)  Easter (from Friday to Monday)Easter (from Friday to Monday)  Holy ThursdayHoly Thursday  Whit Sunday and MondayWhit Sunday and Monday  National Day (August 1)National Day (August 1)  Federal praying day (Thanksgiving in September)Federal praying day (Thanksgiving in September)  Christmas (25 and 26 December)Christmas (25 and 26 December)  most cantons also the feast of Labour Day (1 May), and some days betweenmost cantons also the feast of Labour Day (1 May), and some days between Christmas and New Year.Christmas and New Year.  Ascension Day is also called Banntag (trigger date), according to tradition,Ascension Day is also called Banntag (trigger date), according to tradition, when people can check their boundary stones and bless their fields. Thiswhen people can check their boundary stones and bless their fields. This tradition is still alive in many villages, people are being accompanied bytradition is still alive in many villages, people are being accompanied by musicians.musicians.
  12. 12. Christmas is the most popular holidays in theChristmas is the most popular holidays in the country. On Christmas Eve, people tend to havecountry. On Christmas Eve, people tend to have a rich dinner and give you gifts, 26th December,a rich dinner and give you gifts, 26th December, another visit. On New Year's Eve arouse the lastanother visit. On New Year's Eve arouse the last member of the family, which has risen from bedmember of the family, which has risen from bed displeasure New Year !. Check the new year isdispleasure New Year !. Check the new year is celebrated like most of Christendom.celebrated like most of Christendom.
  13. 13.  Gotthard Road Tunnel (nem. Gotthard-Strassentunnel, France.Gotthard Road Tunnel (nem. Gotthard-Strassentunnel, France. Tunnel Routier du Saint-Gothard) is a Swiss road tunnel whichTunnel Routier du Saint-Gothard) is a Swiss road tunnel which passes alpine Gotthard massif. It was opened in 1980 and ispasses alpine Gotthard massif. It was opened in 1980 and is located on the A2 motorway connecting the city of Lucerne andlocated on the A2 motorway connecting the city of Lucerne and Lugano. It has built only one tube with a length of 16.918 km is theLugano. It has built only one tube with a length of 16.918 km is the third longest tunnel in the world.third longest tunnel in the world.
  14. 14.  Swiss chocolate refers to chocolate produced inSwiss chocolate refers to chocolate produced in Switzerland. While cacao beans and other ingredientsSwitzerland. While cacao beans and other ingredients such as sugar can originate from outside of Switzerland,such as sugar can originate from outside of Switzerland, the actual production of the chocolate must take place inthe actual production of the chocolate must take place in Switzerland. Switzerland's chocolates have earned anSwitzerland. Switzerland's chocolates have earned an international reputation for high quality with manyinternational reputation for high quality with many famous international brands.famous international brands.
  15. 15. The 17th century saw the start of chocolateThe 17th century saw the start of chocolate processed in Switzerland. In the 18th centuryprocessed in Switzerland. In the 18th century chocolate was only produced in a few areas,chocolate was only produced in a few areas, such as the Ticino.such as the Ticino.
  16. 16.  The wording was formally adopted in the late 19th century[1] and is unique in thatThe wording was formally adopted in the late 19th century[1] and is unique in that most other countries use the phrase "Made in (Country Name)". The most obviousmost other countries use the phrase "Made in (Country Name)". The most obvious place where the label is found is on Swiss watches. The Swiss laws permit the use ofplace where the label is found is on Swiss watches. The Swiss laws permit the use of the words "Suisse", "produit suisse", "fabriqué en Suisse", "qualité suisse" or thethe words "Suisse", "produit suisse", "fabriqué en Suisse", "qualité suisse" or the translations, "Swiss", "Swiss Made", or "Swiss Movement". On some older watches,translations, "Swiss", "Swiss Made", or "Swiss Movement". On some older watches, for example, the word "Swiss" appears alone on the dial at the six o'clock position.for example, the word "Swiss" appears alone on the dial at the six o'clock position.  There are two discrete sections of the Swiss law that pertain to the use of the nameThere are two discrete sections of the Swiss law that pertain to the use of the name Swiss made. The first law, which applies to all types of Swiss products, is the Loi surSwiss made. The first law, which applies to all types of Swiss products, is the Loi sur la protection des marques (LPM). The LPM at Article 50 provided the authority for thela protection des marques (LPM). The LPM at Article 50 provided the authority for the enactment of the second law, Ordonnance du 23 décembre 1971 réglant l’utilisationenactment of the second law, Ordonnance du 23 décembre 1971 réglant l’utilisation du nom «Suisse» pour les montres, relating specifically Swiss watches. The text ofdu nom «Suisse» pour les montres, relating specifically Swiss watches. The text of either law is available in French, German or Italian, since those are the principaleither law is available in French, German or Italian, since those are the principal official languages of Switzerland.official languages of Switzerland.
  17. 17.  Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton.Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton.  The city is located in a diverse country in the northern end of Lake Zurich. It hasThe city is located in a diverse country in the northern end of Lake Zurich. It has 366,000 inhabitants (2004). Old Town is located on both sides of the Limmat River,366,000 inhabitants (2004). Old Town is located on both sides of the Limmat River, which rises in the lake. Barcelona is situated 408 m above sea level on an area of 92which rises in the lake. Barcelona is situated 408 m above sea level on an area of 92 km².km².  It is one of 171 political communes forming canton. The metropolis is managed by theIt is one of 171 political communes forming canton. The metropolis is managed by the municipal council (executive body of 9 members) and City Council (legislature, 125municipal council (executive body of 9 members) and City Council (legislature, 125 members). Both bodies are elected by citizens every four years.members). Both bodies are elected by citizens every four years.  Higher and lower schools, education and research are high. Flanked also ETHHigher and lower schools, education and research are high. Flanked also ETH (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule), today renowned Polytechnic.(Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule), today renowned Polytechnic.  Two Swiss large banks (UBS and Credit Suise) have their head office about the centerTwo Swiss large banks (UBS and Credit Suise) have their head office about the center of the famous Bahnhofstrasse Paradeplatz.of the famous Bahnhofstrasse Paradeplatz.  Agglomeration, together with the city of 1.2 million inhabitants. The city of Zurich andAgglomeration, together with the city of 1.2 million inhabitants. The city of Zurich and Winterthur is connected network Bahn, S-Bahn and roads that are connected to theWinterthur is connected network Bahn, S-Bahn and roads that are connected to the network of railways, highways and international airport Kloten.network of railways, highways and international airport Kloten.  Normal temperature in January is in the range between -10 ° C and + 5 ° C and 16 ° CNormal temperature in January is in the range between -10 ° C and + 5 ° C and 16 ° C to 30 ° C in July.to 30 ° C in July.
  18. 18. Agglomeration, together with the city of 1.2 millionAgglomeration, together with the city of 1.2 million inhabitants. The city of Zurich and Winterthur isinhabitants. The city of Zurich and Winterthur is connected network Bahn, S-Bahn and roads that areconnected network Bahn, S-Bahn and roads that are connected to the network of railways, highways andconnected to the network of railways, highways and international airport Kloten.international airport Kloten. Normal temperature in January is in the rangeNormal temperature in January is in the range between -10 ° C and + 5 ° C and 16 ° C to 30 ° C in July.between -10 ° C and + 5 ° C and 16 ° C to 30 ° C in July.
  19. 19. Swiss cheese is a generic name in North America for severalSwiss cheese is a generic name in North America for several related varieties of cheese, mainly of North Americanrelated varieties of cheese, mainly of North American manufacture, which resemble Emmental cheese, a yellow,manufacture, which resemble Emmental cheese, a yellow, medium-hard cheese that originated in the area around Emmental,medium-hard cheese that originated in the area around Emmental, in Switzerland. Some types of Swiss cheese have a distinctivein Switzerland. Some types of Swiss cheese have a distinctive appearance, as the blocks of the cheese are riddled with holesappearance, as the blocks of the cheese are riddled with holes known as "eyes". Swiss cheese without eyes is known as "blind".known as "eyes". Swiss cheese without eyes is known as "blind". (The term is applied to cheeses of this style made outside(The term is applied to cheeses of this style made outside Switzerland, such as Jarlsberg cheese, which originates inSwitzerland, such as Jarlsberg cheese, which originates in Norway).Norway).
  20. 20. Belp is a municipality in the Bern-MittellandBelp is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern inadministrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. It is close to Bern's Belp Airport.Switzerland. It is close to Bern's Belp Airport. The municipality of Belpberg merged on 1The municipality of Belpberg merged on 1 January 2012 into the municipality of Belp.January 2012 into the municipality of Belp.
  21. 21.  Belp is first mentioned in 1263 as Belpo.[4]Belp is first mentioned in 1263 as Belpo.[4]  Scattered neolithic artifacts indicate that the Belp area was inhabitedScattered neolithic artifacts indicate that the Belp area was inhabited prehistorically. Bronze Age cemeteries and La Tène artifacts showprehistorically. Bronze Age cemeteries and La Tène artifacts show that there were villages near modern Belp before the Romanthat there were villages near modern Belp before the Roman invasion. After the collapse of the Roman Empire the area may haveinvasion. After the collapse of the Roman Empire the area may have been uninhabited, but by the High Middle Ages there were villagesbeen uninhabited, but by the High Middle Ages there were villages and wooden castles here. Very little is known about Fahrhubeland wooden castles here. Very little is known about Fahrhubel Castle, located about 700 meters (2,300 ft) north-west of theCastle, located about 700 meters (2,300 ft) north-west of the Hunzigenbrücke (Hunzigen Bridge), and it was eventually completelyHunzigenbrücke (Hunzigen Bridge), and it was eventually completely demolished.demolished.
  22. 22. The Swiss franc is the currency used inThe Swiss franc is the currency used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. PublishedSwitzerland and Liechtenstein. Published by her Swiss National Bank.by her Swiss National Bank.
  23. 23. ImageImage ValueValue 5 Rapen5 Rapen 10 Rapen10 Rapen 20 Rapen20 Rapen 1/2 franc1/2 franc 1 franc1 franc 5 francs5 francs

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