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Food Regulatory Authority role
in providing healthier food and
diet in Iran
R. Dinarvand, PhD
Deputy Minister and Presiden...
DALYs in Iran
• In terms of DALYs* in Iran, dietary risks, high
body-mass index, and high systolic blood
pressure were the...
BURDEN OF DISEASE ATTRIBUTABLE TO
LEADING RISK FACTORS, 2013
Unhealthy
diets
• Target 1: A 25% relative reduction in risk of premature mortality from CVDs, cancer, diabetes, chronic r...
Food safety and security stakeholders
• High Council of Health and Food Security
– With cabinet power presided by the pres...
7
• High Council of Health and Food Security:
– Policy making regarding multi-sectoral approaches to food safety and
secur...
Targets and indicators to be achieved by private sector
engagements
• Reduce average population salt intake to WHO recomme...
• Healthy and safe food (Green Apple) certificate is
awarded for:
– Reduction of energy via use of less carbohydrate and f...
• Improvement of food labeling and design
nutritional traffic light on food
• Easily interpreted information using color c...
Samples of foods with traffic light labelling
Policy Implications
• The health policies in Iran are currently focused on lowering
unhealthy diet components such as tran...
"Food Regulatory Authority role in providing healthier food and diet in Iran R. Dinarvand, PhD Deputy Minister and Preside...
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"Food Regulatory Authority role in providing healthier food and diet in Iran R. Dinarvand, PhD Deputy Minister and President, Iran Food and Drug Administration "

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"www.fao.org/about/meetings/sustainable-food-systems-nutrition-symposium

The International Symposium on Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets and Improved Nutrition was jointly held by FAO and WHO in December 2016 to explore policies and programme options for shaping the food systems in ways that deliver foods for a healthy diet, focusing on concrete country experiences and challenges. This Symposium waas the first large-scale contribution under the UN Decade of Action for Nutrition 2016-2025. This presentation was part of Parallel session 2.1: Regulations, awareness and advocacy for better informed food choices"

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"Food Regulatory Authority role in providing healthier food and diet in Iran R. Dinarvand, PhD Deputy Minister and President, Iran Food and Drug Administration "

  1. 1. Food Regulatory Authority role in providing healthier food and diet in Iran R. Dinarvand, PhD Deputy Minister and President, Iran Food and Drug Administration
  2. 2. DALYs in Iran • In terms of DALYs* in Iran, dietary risks, high body-mass index, and high systolic blood pressure were the leading risk factors in 2013. • The greatest reduction in all-cause mortality rate was experienced by females aged 1-4 years (84.0%). *DALYs are the sum of years of healthy life lost to premature death and years lived with disability.
  3. 3. BURDEN OF DISEASE ATTRIBUTABLE TO LEADING RISK FACTORS, 2013
  4. 4. Unhealthy diets • Target 1: A 25% relative reduction in risk of premature mortality from CVDs, cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases • Target 2: At least 10% relative reduction in the harmful use of alcohol • Target 3: A 20% (10%) relative reduction in prevalence of insufficient physical activity • Target 4: A 30% relative reduction in mean population intake of salt/sodium • Target 5: A 30% relative reduction in prevalence of current tobacco use in persons aged 15+ years • Target 6: A 25% relative reduction in the prevalence of raised blood pressure or contain the prevalence of raised blood pressure • Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity • Target 8: At least 70% (50%) of eligible people receive drug therapy and counseling (including glycemic control) to prevent heart attacks and strokes • Target 9: An 80% availability of the affordable basic technologies and essential medicines, including generics, required to treat major NCDs in both public and private facilities • Target 10: Achieve zero trans fatty acid content of edible oils and foodstuffs • Target 11: At least 50% of diabetic and hypertensive individuals (who are receiving treatment) have to achieve treatments goals for controlling blood sugar and systolic blood pressure • Target 12: A 20% relative reduction in mortality from traffic injuries • Target 13: A 10% relative reduction in drug use The NCD targets for Iranian population at a glance
  5. 5. Food safety and security stakeholders • High Council of Health and Food Security – With cabinet power presided by the president of the Islamic Republic; and MOH as the secretariat (established by act of parliament) • Ministry of Health – In charge of food safety: • Iran Food and Drug Administration • Public health network • Ministry of Agriculture – In charge of food security – And partly food safety • Iran Veterinary Organization • National Standard Organization – Food Standards
  6. 6. 7 • High Council of Health and Food Security: – Policy making regarding multi-sectoral approaches to food safety and security issues – Harmonizing and ensuring collaboration and coordination between competent authorities in food security, safety and nutrition – National NCD committee • National targets set according to global target based on WHO guidelines • Iran Food and Drug Administration: – In charge of food and health products regulation, licensing, registration, marketing authorization, PMS, labeling and etc. • A technical committee comprised of 5 people, headed by IFDA president, appointed by the minister of health is in charge of all major decisions. – Public awareness regarding fat, salt and sugar contents • Traffic light labelling • A ten year program of both compulsory and voluntary reduction of calory, fat, salt and sugar content of food stuff – Awarding healthy products along with penalties and fines for non- compliance Procedures
  7. 7. Targets and indicators to be achieved by private sector engagements • Reduce average population salt intake to WHO recommended levels (from 10.5 g/day to max 5 g/day) • Zero trans fatty acid (step by step reduction of TFA content in edible oils and food products (currently at 10% in confectionary oils, 5% ghee like oils, 2% household oils and etc) • Food fortification to prevent NCDs (floor fortification with Iron, folic acid, Vit E and etc) • Empowering consumers for making a healthy choice (via enforcing food labeling and traffic light nutrition labeling). – Introduced in 2014 allowing 2 years for the industry to cope, achieving 70% success rate so far • Identification of harmful products and procedures – Foods with high content of fat, sugar and salt considered as harmful and are subject to higher VAT and mass media promotion limitation – No junk food at schools • Conducting post market surveillance (PMS) to control and monitor the foods and drinks on the market; • Green apple awards given to products with healthy criteria: less sugar, less fat, less salt and etc. – Ten years in place. Ceremonies are held twice annually and around 30-50 products are awarded
  8. 8. • Healthy and safe food (Green Apple) certificate is awarded for: – Reduction of energy via use of less carbohydrate and fats in formula. – Reduction of contaminants and chemicals less than 50% of the permitted limit. – Reduction of risk factors as trans and saturated fatty acids, salt, sugar and etc. – Using natural and functional component in the formulation. – Reformulation of unhealthy foods for better choices
  9. 9. • Improvement of food labeling and design nutritional traffic light on food • Easily interpreted information using color codes: Red, amber and green ‘traffic light’ shapes on the front of food packages show consumers, at a glance, whether a product is high, medium or low in fat, trans fatty acid, sugar, and salt and overall energy • This makes it easy to identify healthier food choices (green or amber lights, rather than red). • Has the potential to change our patterns of food supply and consumption • Promote nutritional literacy of the community and giving consumers the choice • Encourage producer to change formulation to have less amber or red lights Traffic light labelling • Serving size • Energy • sugar • Fat • Salt • Trans Fatty Acids
  10. 10. Samples of foods with traffic light labelling
  11. 11. Policy Implications • The health policies in Iran are currently focused on lowering unhealthy diet components such as trans fatty acids, red meat, processed meat, and sugar sweetened beverages. • Results of studies show that more attention should be focused on increasing healthy diet components: • fruits, whole grain, fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, vegetables, PUFA, nuts and seeds, and dairy products

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