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Intervention: India- Irrigation

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Intervention: India- Irrigation


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Intervention: India- Irrigation

  1. 1. Roundtable on World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2020 Bangkok, Thailand 19-23 September 2016 Cyriac George (Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare), Nitika Gupta (NSSO, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation) E-mail: c4cyriac@gmail.com, nitika1_gupta@rediffmail.com Technical Session : Census Theme - Irrigation INTERVENTION - INDIA 1
  2. 2. OUTLINE • National Census and Data on Irrigation • Geographical, Statistical Coverage & Methodology • List of items on Irrigation covered in Last Census-India • Data on Irrigation: WCA 2020 & National Census • Other data sources: Irrigation • Minor Irrigation Census. 2
  3. 3. 3  During the Second Phase of the quinquennial Agriculture Census, collects data on irrigation. • Statistical Unit (Operational holding) • All land which is used wholly or partly for agricultural production and is operated as one technical unit by one person alone or with others without regard to the title, legal form, size or location. • A technical unit is a unit of land which is under the same management and has the same means of production such as labour force, machinery and animals. • Reference year • The last Agriculture Census was conducted with reference year as 2010-11 (July-June) and that for the current Agriculture Census is 2015-16 (July-June). • National Census and Data on Irrigation
  4. 4. Geographical, Statistical Coverage & Methodology Geographical coverage • The Agriculture Census covers the whole country. • Urban areas are generally excluded from the purview of Agriculture Census, if there is no agriculture activities are going on. Statistical coverage • Sample of 20% of villages and complete enumeration of households in selected villages. Methodology • During, Phase-II, holding schedule is canvassed in selected 20 per cent villages in each tehsil for collecting detailed data on irrigation, land use, tenancy particulars, cropping pattern etc. The estimates of agricultural characteristics of operational holdings are prepared at Tehsil/District/State/National levels. 4
  5. 5. List of items covered in Last Census-Irrigation • Classification of holdings according to the Irrigation Status: • – • – • Cropped area is also classified as Irrigated and Unirrigated. 5 Sl. No. Category Criteria 1 Wholly irrigated If entire Net Area Sown equal to the Net Irrigated Area 2 Partly irrigated If part of the Net Area Sown is irrigated. 3 Wholly unirrigated If entire Net Area Sown has not received irrigation during the reference year. 4 Entirely current fallow holdings If entire cropped area is kept as current fallow during the reference year.
  6. 6. List of items covered in Last Census-Irrigation 6 Net area irrigated by source Canals Wells Tube- wells Tanks Others Total (Cols. 1 to 5) 1 2 3 4 5 6 Total Note : This Block has been discontinued for Agriculture Census 2015-16.
  7. 7. Data on Irrigation: WCA 2020 & NATIONAL CENSUS 7 Sl.No. Items on Irrigation Agriculture Census 2010-11 1. Use of irrigation on the holding: fully and partially controlled irrigation Covered 2. Area of land actually irrigated: fully controlled and partially controlled irrigation Covered 3 Area of land actually irrigated according to land use type: fully controlled and partially controlled irrigation (for the holding) Cropped area is classified as Irrigated and Unirrigated. 4 Area of land actually irrigated according to method of irrigation: fully controlled irrigation (for the holding)  Surface irrigation, Sprinklers ,  Localized irrigation Restricted to whether the holding has used Sprinkler / Drip irrigation set. 5 Area of crops actually irrigated for each crop type: fully controlled irrigation Covered. 6 Sources of irrigation water: fully controlled irrigation (for the holding) Sources of irrigation restricted to Wells, Tube-wells, Canals, Tanks, Other- Sources. 7 Payment terms for irrigation water: fully and partially controlled irrigation (for the holding) Not Covered 8 Use of other types of irrigation: partially controlled irrigation (for the holding)  Equipped wetland and inland valley bottoms, Equipped flood recession cultivation, Spate irrigation, Other In addition to the Canals, provision for accounting usage of other sources of irrigation was in practice. 9 Area equipped for irrigation in working order: fully and partially controlled irrigation Not Covered 10 Presence of drainage equipment (for the holding)
  8. 8. Other data sources : Irrigation • The Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare collect data (area & crops irrigated) on major sources of irrigation (Canal, Wells, Other sources), in all States / UTs, yearly. • The Ministry of Water Resources conducts Minor Irrigation Census at five yearly intervals to collect data on minor irrigation projects. This Census covers the whole country (except a few UTs) and based on complete enumeration of the units (minor irrigation projects) • Minor Irrigation Schemes:Schemes with culturable command area (CCA) < 2000 Ha • REFERENCE YEAR of MI Census: FIRST- 1986-87, SECOND -1993-94, THIRD- 2000- 01, FOURTH -2006-07, FIFTH -2013-14 8
  9. 9. Minor Irrigation Census REFERENCE YEAR of MI Census ◦ FIRST- 1986-87, SECOND -1993-94, THIRD- 2000-01, FOURTH -2006-07, FIFTH -2013-14 9
  10. 10. Minor Irrigation Census • ITEMS COVERED IN M I CENSUS LOCATION, OWNERSHIP, YEAR OF COMMISSIONING, LIFTING DEVICE, WATER DISTRIBUTION DEVICE, SOURCE OF FINANCE, SUBSIDY FOPR CONSTRUCTION, CURRENT STATUS OF USE COMMAND AREA, IRRIGATION POTENTIAL CREATED (IPC), IRRIGATION POTENTIAL UTILISED (IPU). • The primary work of collection of data is carried out by the field enumerators ( mainly patwaris ) • The work of supervision is entrusted to higher supervisor level officers of the field agency • Overall quality of field work is monitored by Block/District level/ State level officers of State Govts. 10
  11. 11. THANK YOU 11