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Licensing, Citation and Sustainability.

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Prepared and presented by Carole Goble for the Reproducible and Citable Data and Models in Warnemünde, Germany. September 14th - 16th, 2015.

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Licensing, Citation and Sustainability.

  1. 1. Licensing, Citation and Sustainability Carole Goble The University of Manchester, UK Carole.goble@manchester.ac.uk
  2. 2. Intellectual Property legal rights (IPRs) from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields Patent Protects ‘new’ ideas and has an ‘inventive step’ that is not obvious to someone who works in the subject area Copyright Protection of a tangible manifestation of an idea; e.g. a book or source/object code License An agreement or permission that grants a right to use . often in the form of a contract
  3. 3. • Governs exploitation rights • Fallacies • ‘found it on the internet so I can use it’ • No license worse than a restrictive license • If you are an employee you likely don’t own it • Often if you want to exploit the University will come to some kind of agreement • Legal owners vs. Moral owners • ‘Publish or Perish’ • Impact vs. making money • Hard to optimise for both Intellectual Property
  4. 4. • Governs the permission you are granting to others in regards to source code or object code you hold the Copyright on: – Are you allowed to use it? – Are you allowed to copy it? – Are you allowed to resell it? – Are you allowed to change it? – Are you allowed to distribute it? – Who is liable if something goes wrong? – What about Patents ? Software and Data Licenses
  5. 5. Types of licenses • Closed (“Proprietary”) • Restricted (“Academic” / “Non-commercial”) • Open source license – Permissive – Copyleft • Public domain / CC0 • Informal license • No license Considerations • Larger works comprising code with different licenses (“license compatibility”) • Assets made available under more than one license (“dual licensing”) • Copyright holders can re- license as they own the IP DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.1434044
  6. 6. Licence Properties • attribution – the licensor must be given due credit for the work when it is distributed, displayed, performed, or used to derive a new work. • copyleft – any new works derived from the licensed one must be released under the same license, and only that licence. • non-commercial licence – to prevent the licensee from exploiting the work commercially. • Multiple and dual licensing – alternative licence allows commercial uses but requires payment to the licensor.
  7. 7. Apache License 2.0 BSD 3-Clause "New" or "Revised" license BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" or "FreeBSD" license GNU General Public License (GPL) GNU Library or "Lesser" General Public License (LGPL) MIT license Mozilla Public License 2.0 Common Development and Distribution License Eclipse Public License Open Source Licenses http://choosealicense.com/licenses/ http://opensource.org/licenses Check conditions for distribution Proprietary Software Licenses Special terms and conditions for distribution
  8. 8. • Creative Commons • Open Data Commons • Open/Non-Commercial Government Licence • Public domain – most permissive way of releasing data – CC-0 Standard Data licences
  9. 9. Creative Commons Data Licensing • (CC0) (total waiver) • Attribution (CC BY) • Attribution Share Alike (CC BY-SA) • Attribution No Derivatives (CC BY-ND) • Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) • Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA) • Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#x1-4000
  10. 10. Getting Help http://choosealicense.com http://opensource.org/licenses http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/
  11. 11. License Wizard http://ufal.github.io/lindat-license-selector/
  12. 12. Citation: Orcid and Citation Tracking
  13. 13. Citation & Credit tracking https://impactstory.org/HollyBik
  14. 14. Getting Indexed
  15. 15. Getting Indexed http://dliservice.research-infrastructures.eu/#/ [Paolo Manghi]
  16. 16. Sustainable Resources • Commercial support • Community support • Government support • National support • Cloud support • Import and export • Research objects http://www.crl.edu/sites/default/files/d6/attachments/pages/trac_0.pdf Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist
  17. 17. Crediting the Resource to help sustain it…. Geraint Duck, Goran Nenadic, Andy Brass, David L. Robertson, Robert Stevens: Extracting patterns of database and software usage from the bioinformatics literature. Bioinformatics 30(17): 601-608 (2014) Senay Kafkas, Jee-Hyub Kim, Xingjun Pi, Johanna R. McEntyre: Database citation in supplementary data linked to Europe PubMed Central full text biomedical articles. J. Biomedical Semantics 6: 1 (2015)
  18. 18. Resources Software • http://www.software.ac.uk • OSSWatch – oss-watch.ac.uk – opensource advice • GNU – all things Copyleft – www.gnu.org • http://www.software.ac.uk/blog/2015-08-27-price-open-source-software-joint- response - contemporary issues in open sourcing research code • http://producingoss.com/ - about open development • Software Freedom Law Centre - https://www.softwarefreedom.org/ - legal defense of Copyleft • http://www.qlegal.qmul.ac.uk/resources/index.html • https://www.gov.uk/guidance/lambert-toolkit - wider IP sharing with industry Data • https://rd-alliance.org/groups/rdawds-publishing-data-services-wg.html • http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides • http://www.dcc.ac.uk • http://ufal.github.io/lindat-license-selector/