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Introduction to the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) - Yusuf Yigini

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The 21st World Congress of Soil Science
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil | 12 - 17 August 2018

Publié dans : Formation
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Introduction to the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) - Yusuf Yigini

  1. 1. Global Soil Information System Yusuf Yigini – GSP Secretariat, Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
  2. 2. GSP Pillars of Action 1. Promote sustainable management of soil resources and improved global governance for soil protection and sustainable productivity; 2. Encourage investment, technical cooperation, policy, education, awareness and extension in soils; 3. Promote targeted soil research development focusing on identified gaps, priorities and synergies among economic, environmental and social dimensions; 4. Enhance the quality and availability of soil data and information: collection, analysis, validation, reporting, monitoring, integration with other disciplines; 5. Harmonization of methods, measurements and indicators for the sustainable management and protection of soil resources.
  3. 3. GSP - Pillar 4 Pillar 4 of the GSP essentially addresses the development of an enduring and authoritative global system to monitor and forecast the condition of the Earth’s soil resources. PILLAR 1 PILLAR 2 PILLAR 3 PILLAR 5
  4. 4. Pillar 4 - Governance The International Network of Soil Information Institutions (INSII) forms the backbone of Pillar 4. The INSII network is supported by a technical working group of soil information experts (Pillar 4 Working Group).
  5. 5. Pillar 4 Working Group • Chair: Neil McKenzie , GSP Secretary: Ronald Vargas • Coordination: Yusuf Yigini (GSP), Pillar 5 Chair: Rainer Baritz • Soil Data Facility: Rik van den Bosch (ISRIC) Africa: Christian Omuto Asia: Toshiaki Ohkura Europe: Edoardo Costantini Eurasia: Laziza Gafurova Central America: Renato J. Zúñiga South America: Guillermo Federico Olmedo Near East and North Africa: Rachid Moussadek North America: Bert VandenBygaart South West Pacific: Mike Grundy
  6. 6. Pillar 4 Implementation Plan • Based on the endorsed Plan of Action. • Developed by P4WG/INSII • Provides the guidance to build the global soil information system (GloSIS).
  7. 7. Pillar 4 & GloSIS ➔One of the flagship initiatives of the Global Soil Partnership ➔Owned by the member countries ➔Federated architecture ➔Co-operative design, actively involving all stakeholders ➔Supports countries in developing their own soil data and information systems. ➔Develop and improve capacities at national level Global Soil Partnership and member countries building a Global Soil Information System (GloSIS) relying on national capacities and national soil information systems.
  8. 8. Data Products SoilSTAT Statistics component of the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) and the tool for monitoring global soil resources. The GSP and its partners will design SoilSTAT and the system will be used for monitoring, forecasting and reporting periodically on the status of global soil resources. The name of the system mirrors the FAOSTAT family. STATUS > concept note on the content and design.
  9. 9. Data Products GloSIS • Soil profile databases (Tiered Approach – T1 T2) • Global polygon coverage, to replace FAO/UNESCO Soil Map of the World (1:5M, 1971-1980) • Global Grids: • Harmonized World Soil Database, HWSD V2 • Fine-resolution grid of soil properties, V0 • Fine resolution grid of soil properties, V1
  10. 10. Data Products Soil Profile Databases – Tiered Approach Tier 1 and Tier 2 SPDB - Tier 1 (comprehensive, open) and Tier 2 (controlled, representative); Tier 2 may be a representative subset of Tier 1 in some systems or could be a separate collection. Status > Technical specifications (draft completed, July 2018, GSP – SDF)
  11. 11. Data Products Global Polygon Coverage and HWSD V2 •GPC - This product suits users requiring an overview of global soil geography. The polygon map consists of discrete map units with accompanying soil classification as well as soil properties at the map unit level. •HWSD2 - The current HWSD is v1.2 , the result of a collaboration between the FAO with IIASA, ISRIC-World Soil Information, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ISSCAS), and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC). New regional soil data and information available for updating the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD). Status > under planning
  12. 12. Data Products Fine Resolution Soil Grids •V0 - The version 0 grid will be a collection of existing grids as a demonstration of gridded products with no attempt to invest into additional harmonization.
  13. 13. Data Products Fine Resolution Soil Grids V0 vs V1 • Not all the world is represented by national/regional contributions to the v0 grid. • The v0 grid is neither harmonized nor seamless. • Unless P4WG will advise differently, there is no standard list of properties nor of their methods of measurement; there is no standard depth resolution. • The Version 0 horizontal resolution (1km) is significantly coarse compared to Version 1 (3x3 Arc-second, roughly 90 m). Status > First V0 grid launched – Global Soil Organic Carbon GSOCmap