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Right to Education 
Challenges in the 
Asia-Pacific Region 
Rene Raya 
ASPBAE 
World Human Rights Forum 
Marrakech, Morocc...
The Asia-Pacific Region 
Most populous region in the world 
Fastest growing economic region 
Yet, the Region faces serio...
Key Education Challenges 
Asia-Pacific hosts the biggest 
number of adult illiterates 
 64% of global total 
 Over half ...
Key Education Challenges 
Over 100 million youth, 15-24 years 
old have not completed primary 
education 
 Asia-Pacific 6...
Asia-Pacific as the Least Spenders 
in Education … 
UNESCO Global Monitoring 
Report (2012)
Public Expenditure 
on Education as 
Percent (%) of 
GNP 
UNESCO Global Monitoring 
Report (2013) 
Nepal 
OECD
Adherence to the Right to Education 
Most Countries in Asia-Pacific have 
constitutional and legal provisions on 
Free and...
In Recent year… 
Stronger Push towards Privatisation 
 Growth in Private School Enrolments 
 The rise of Low Fee Private...
Growth in Private School Enrolments… 
Pakistan 
34.1% 
India 
~ 30% 
Nepal 
20% 
Philippines 
20%(Secondary) 
Indonesia 
4...
Rights Issues linked to Privatisation 
In Nepal 
Closure and merger of public schools resulted to 
children dropping out o...
Rights Issues linked to Privatisation 
In Private Schools around Asia 
Teachers are paid extremely low salaries, without 
...
Implications of Privatisation on 
the Right to Education 
• Children & youth denied access to quality education 
• Leads t...
Thank You!
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FMDH - Right to Education Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region : Rene Raya ASPBAE

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Présentation de Rene Raya ASPBAE sur "Right to Education Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region" lors du Forum Mondial des Droits de l'Homme le 28 Novembre 2014.

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FMDH - Right to Education Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region : Rene Raya ASPBAE

  1. 1. Right to Education Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region Rene Raya ASPBAE World Human Rights Forum Marrakech, Morocco 27-30 November 2014
  2. 2. The Asia-Pacific Region Most populous region in the world Fastest growing economic region Yet, the Region faces serious challenges in Education
  3. 3. Key Education Challenges Asia-Pacific hosts the biggest number of adult illiterates  64% of global total  Over half in South Asia 17.8 million out of school children in the Region  31% of global total
  4. 4. Key Education Challenges Over 100 million youth, 15-24 years old have not completed primary education  Asia-Pacific 60% of Global Total) Global Total 200 million Gender Disparity remains large  2/3 of Adult Illiterates are women  More girls out of school than boys Asia Pacific
  5. 5. Asia-Pacific as the Least Spenders in Education … UNESCO Global Monitoring Report (2012)
  6. 6. Public Expenditure on Education as Percent (%) of GNP UNESCO Global Monitoring Report (2013) Nepal OECD
  7. 7. Adherence to the Right to Education Most Countries in Asia-Pacific have constitutional and legal provisions on Free and Compulsory Education. Most are signatories to ESCR, CRC, CEDAW, and EFA YES in formalities , BUT hardly so in actual practice!
  8. 8. In Recent year… Stronger Push towards Privatisation  Growth in Private School Enrolments  The rise of Low Fee Private Schools Particularly in India and other South Asian countries  Expansion of Private Tutoring; persisting User Fees in most Asian countries Create added barrier for the poor to pursue schooling  The Emerging Corporate Chain Schools  Promoted & marketed aggressively  Using branding, endorsement, social media  False claims on affordability and world class status
  9. 9. Growth in Private School Enrolments… Pakistan 34.1% India ~ 30% Nepal 20% Philippines 20%(Secondary) Indonesia 41% Secondary)
  10. 10. Rights Issues linked to Privatisation In Nepal Closure and merger of public schools resulted to children dropping out of school In Cambodia Private Tutoring has become so widespread that affects learning of poor students who cannot afford In India, other South Asian countries Girls less likely to be enrolled in Private Schools, thus, further widening gender disparity gap
  11. 11. Rights Issues linked to Privatisation In Private Schools around Asia Teachers are paid extremely low salaries, without Benefits and No Security. Salaries go as low as: 1/8 of Government Teachers (India) 1/3 for Pakistan 1/2 for Philippines These are some cases of Infringement of the Right to Education that impact most especially on Children, Women and on Teachers.
  12. 12. Implications of Privatisation on the Right to Education • Children & youth denied access to quality education • Leads to segregation based on Ability, Socio- Economic Status and Ethnicity  Exacerbates inequality • Widens gender disparity, putting girls at a disadvantage • Weakens/undermines the public education system,
  13. 13. Thank You!

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