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Pakistan Studies
Pakistan Constitutional
History
1947 - 1956
Topic of Discussion
 An overview of the Constitutional &
Political History of Pakistan form 1947 to
1956
Constitutional Development of
Pakistan: 1947 to 1956
 Pakistan was given the status of
dominion status under Independence...
Constitutional Development of
Pakistan( cont.)
 The First constitutional assembly
elected Mr. Jinnah as its first Governo...
Constitutional Development of
Pakistan( cont.)
 Constituent Assembly devised various
committees.
 Basic Principles Commi...
Basic Principles Committee
 BPC was comprises of 24 members
BPC
Sub-Committees
Federal & Provincial
constitutional powers...
Other committees and 1st
Report (1950)
 One important committee was “Talimat-
i- Islamia which was established in
order t...
1st Report (1950)
Central Assembly
(Two Houses)
Upper House
On parity Basis
Lower House
On popular Basis
According to 1st ...
1st Report (1950)( cont.)
 President can be removed by 2/3
majority
 Adoption of Parliamentary system
Criticism on 1st
R...
2nd
Report (1952)
Khawaja Nazim-ud-Din, the next Prime minister submitted the 2nd
Report on 1952
According to 2nd
Report:
...
2nd
Report (1952)( cont.)
Criticism on 2nd
Report:
 East Pakistan was given upper hand
 Activation of de-stabilizing for...
Third Report: Muhammad Ali
Bogra Formula (1953)
According to 2nd
Report:
 The proposals were revised in the light of the
...
Third Report: Muhammad Ali
Bogra Formula (1953)( cont.)
 While in joint session, both wings had
equal representation:
Eas...
Third Report: Muhammad Ali
Bogra Formula (1953)( cont.)
CRITICISM on 3rd
Report:
 It suggested some difficult process but...
Dissolution of 1st
Constituent
Assembly, 1954
 In October 1954, GG (Governor General)
dissolved the CA which proved a fat...
1954 Indirect Election
 Elections were held which was indirect
viz just on the provincial level in 1954
 PML lost its re...
Formulation of 2nd
Constitutional Assembly 1955
 Ghulam Muhammad called a
Convention on May 10, 1955 consisting
of 60 peo...
Formulation of 2nd Constitutional
Assembly 1955 (cont.)
 Coalition government in collaboration
with United Front under th...
One Unit Scheme Sept. 1955
 This second Constituent assembly
solved the problem of representation by
making West Pakistan...
Constitutional Development of
Pakistan( cont.)
 The inclusion of two persons viz; Major
Gen. Sikandar Mirza & Ayub Khan w...
Constitution of 1956
 The new draft of constitution was
presented on 29th
January, 1956 in
assembly and got Governor Gene...
1956 of constitution (cont.)
 1956 constitution was comprises of 13
chapter, 6 schedules and 234 Articles
 Parliamentary...
1956 of constitution (cont.)
 Federation
 Uni-cameral Legislature
 Independence of judiciary
 Objective resolution as ...
Thank You 
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Pakistan Constitutional History from 1947 to 1956

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Overview of the Constitutional & Political History of Pakistan 1947 -1956
Three reports by BPC
one unit scheme

Publié dans : Formation

Pakistan Constitutional History from 1947 to 1956

  1. 1. Pakistan Studies Pakistan Constitutional History 1947 - 1956
  2. 2. Topic of Discussion  An overview of the Constitutional & Political History of Pakistan form 1947 to 1956
  3. 3. Constitutional Development of Pakistan: 1947 to 1956  Pakistan was given the status of dominion status under Independence Act 1947  Under Article “8” of above Act, Indian Act of 1935 adopted to be worked as an Interim Constitution with necessary adjustments and alterations till the time Pakistan frame its constitution
  4. 4. Constitutional Development of Pakistan( cont.)  The First constitutional assembly elected Mr. Jinnah as its first Governor General on 11th August, 1947 unanimously  Objective Resolution was approved by this above mentioned assembly on 12 March, 1949.
  5. 5. Constitutional Development of Pakistan( cont.)  Constituent Assembly devised various committees.  Basic Principles Committee (BPC) was the most important in terms of drafting of the constitution in the light of objective Resolution (1949).
  6. 6. Basic Principles Committee  BPC was comprises of 24 members BPC Sub-Committees Federal & Provincial constitutional powers Franchise Judiciary
  7. 7. Other committees and 1st Report (1950)  One important committee was “Talimat- i- Islamia which was established in order to advice BPC regarding Ideology of Pakistan  First Report of the BPC was submitted in September, 1950
  8. 8. 1st Report (1950) Central Assembly (Two Houses) Upper House On parity Basis Lower House On popular Basis According to 1st Report :
  9. 9. 1st Report (1950)( cont.)  President can be removed by 2/3 majority  Adoption of Parliamentary system Criticism on 1st Report:  Reaction from East Pakistan  Little about Islam  Ultimately rejected
  10. 10. 2nd Report (1952) Khawaja Nazim-ud-Din, the next Prime minister submitted the 2nd Report on 1952 According to 2nd Report:  President would be Muslim; Central Assembly (Two Houses) Upper House On parity Basis 120 (60 seats to Each wing) Lower House On parity Basis 400 (200 to each wing)
  11. 11. 2nd Report (1952)( cont.) Criticism on 2nd Report:  East Pakistan was given upper hand  Activation of de-stabilizing forces  1953 dismissal of the cabinet (dismissal of Khawaja Nazimuddin’s government)
  12. 12. Third Report: Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula (1953) According to 2nd Report:  The proposals were revised in the light of the criticism on 2nd report and decided:  Upper House: Equal representation to all five units  Lower House: More representation to Eastern part
  13. 13. Third Report: Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula (1953)( cont.)  While in joint session, both wings had equal representation: East Pak West Pak Upper House 10 40 Lower House 165 135 ---------------------------------------------  Joint Session 175 175
  14. 14. Third Report: Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula (1953)( cont.) CRITICISM on 3rd Report:  It suggested some difficult process but mostly it was widely acceptable. Two languages, Urdu and Bengali were approved as official languages.  This is important that after the Formula, the work began on constitution drafting because the deadlock was over.
  15. 15. Dissolution of 1st Constituent Assembly, 1954  In October 1954, GG (Governor General) dissolved the CA which proved a fatal blow to the democratic process.  The dissolution of assembly was challenged in the Sindh court by Maulvi Tamizuddin.  The court declared the dissolution illegal but the Federal Court upheld the GG action but asked for setting up an elected CA.
  16. 16. 1954 Indirect Election  Elections were held which was indirect viz just on the provincial level in 1954  PML lost its representative character as it had to face crushing defeat at the hands of Joint Opposition Front in the provincial election of East Pakistan 1954
  17. 17. Formulation of 2nd Constitutional Assembly 1955  Ghulam Muhammad called a Convention on May 10, 1955 consisting of 60 people which later raised to 80, elected by the respective provincial Assemblies,  All its members were to be elected indirectly (by the provincial assemblies). In this way, the 2nd CA came into existence.
  18. 18. Formulation of 2nd Constitutional Assembly 1955 (cont.)  Coalition government in collaboration with United Front under the leadership of Mohammad Ali was formed.  The Convention was vested with the task of completing constitution making.
  19. 19. One Unit Scheme Sept. 1955  This second Constituent assembly solved the problem of representation by making West Pakistan as one unit by enactment of a law on 30th September, 1955.
  20. 20. Constitutional Development of Pakistan( cont.)  The inclusion of two persons viz; Major Gen. Sikandar Mirza & Ayub Khan worked as the beginning of new phase in political history of Pakistan  An announcement was made by Gen. Sikandar Mirza that Pakistani people lack capabilities to run democratic institutions, therefore, controlled democracy would be introduced.
  21. 21. Constitution of 1956  The new draft of constitution was presented on 29th January, 1956 in assembly and got Governor General consent on 2nd March and enforced on 23rd March.
  22. 22. 1956 of constitution (cont.)  1956 constitution was comprises of 13 chapter, 6 schedules and 234 Articles  Parliamentary form of government was adopted  With the support of 2/3 majority, an amendment can be introduced
  23. 23. 1956 of constitution (cont.)  Federation  Uni-cameral Legislature  Independence of judiciary  Objective resolution as preamble  Urdu and Bengali was made official languages and English was accepted for official business for a maximum period of 25 years
  24. 24. Thank You 

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